Flashcards - Understanding Earth's Atmosphere, Climate & Weather

Flashcards - Understanding Earth's Atmosphere, Climate & Weather
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Orographic lifting
Orographic lift occurs when an air mass is forced from a low elevation to a higher elevation as it moves over rising terrain
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prevailing westerlies
The Westerlies, anti-trades, or Prevailing Westerlies, are prevailing winds from the west toward the east in the middle latitudes between 30 and 60 degrees latitude
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Weather
Weather is the state of the atmosphere, to the degree that it is hot or cold, wet or dry, calm or stormy, clear or cloudy
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rain shadow
A rain shadow is a dry area on the leeward side of a mountainous area
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fronts
A weather front is a boundary separating two masses of air of different densities, and is the principal cause of meteorological phenomena
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greenhouse effect
The greenhouse effect is the process by which radiation from a planet's atmosphere warms the planet's surface to a temperature above what it would be without its atmosphere
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atmosphere
An atmosphere is a layer of gases surrounding a planet or other material body, that is held in place by the gravity of that body
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water cycle
The water cycle, also known as the hydrological cycle or the H2O cycle, describes the continuous movement of water on, above and below the surface of the Earth
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Precipitation
In meteorology, precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under gravity
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Ozone
Ozone /ˈoʊzoʊn/ , or trioxygen, is an inorganic molecule with the chemical formula O3
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Ozone
Ozone /ˈoʊzoʊn/ , or trioxygen, is an inorganic molecule with the chemical formula O3
Precipitation
In meteorology, precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under gravity
water cycle
The water cycle, also known as the hydrological cycle or the H2O cycle, describes the continuous movement of water on, above and below the surface of the Earth
atmosphere
An atmosphere is a layer of gases surrounding a planet or other material body, that is held in place by the gravity of that body
greenhouse effect
The greenhouse effect is the process by which radiation from a planet's atmosphere warms the planet's surface to a temperature above what it would be without its atmosphere
fronts
A weather front is a boundary separating two masses of air of different densities, and is the principal cause of meteorological phenomena
rain shadow
A rain shadow is a dry area on the leeward side of a mountainous area
Weather
Weather is the state of the atmosphere, to the degree that it is hot or cold, wet or dry, calm or stormy, clear or cloudy
prevailing westerlies
The Westerlies, anti-trades, or Prevailing Westerlies, are prevailing winds from the west toward the east in the middle latitudes between 30 and 60 degrees latitude
Orographic lifting
Orographic lift occurs when an air mass is forced from a low elevation to a higher elevation as it moves over rising terrain
cold front
A cold front is defined as the leading edge of a cooler mass of air, replacing at ground level a warmer mass of air, which lies within a fairly sharp surface trough of low pressure
occluded front
An occluded front is formed during the process of cyclogenesis when a cold front overtakes a warm front
stationary front
A stationary front is a pair of air masses, neither of which is strong enough to replace the other
Tornadoes
A tornado is a violently rotating column of air that rotates while in contact with both the surface of the Earth and a cumulonimbus cloud or, in rare cases, the base of a cumulus cloud
Cyclone
In meteorology, a cyclone is a large scale air mass that rotates around a strong center of low atmospheric pressure
mesocyclone
A mesocyclone is a vortex of air within a convective storm
floods
A flood is an overflow of water that submerges land which is usually dry
nitrogen
Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7
CFCs
A chlorofluorocarbon is an organic compound that contains only carbon, chlorine, and fluorine, produced as volatile derivative of methane, ethane, and propane
fog
Fog is a visible mass consisting of cloud water droplets or ice crystals suspended in the air at or near the Earth's surface

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