Flashcards - Understanding Genetics & Heredity

Flashcards - Understanding Genetics & Heredity
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dominant
Dominance in genetics is a relationship between alleles of one gene, in which the effect on phenotype of one allele masks the contribution of a second allele at the same locus
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phenylketonuria
Phenylketonuria is an inborn error of metabolism that results in decreased metabolism of the amino acid phenylalanine
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phenylketonuria
Phenylketonuria is an inborn error of metabolism that results in decreased metabolism of the amino acid phenylalanine
dominant
Dominance in genetics is a relationship between alleles of one gene, in which the effect on phenotype of one allele masks the contribution of a second allele at the same locus
cystic fibrosis
Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disorder that affects mostly the lungs, but also the pancreas, liver, kidneys, and intestine
Down syndrome
Down syndrome , also known as trisomy 21, is a genetic disorder caused by the presence of all, or part of a third copy of chromosome 21
DNA fingerprinting
DNA profiling is a forensic technique used to identify individuals by characteristics of their DNA

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