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Flashcards - Understanding Properties of Matter

Flashcards - Understanding Properties of Matter
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mixture
In chemistry, a mixture is a material system made up of two or more different substances which are mixed but are not combined chemically
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filtration
Filtration is any of various mechanical, physical or biological operations that separate solids from fluids by adding a medium through which only the fluid can pass
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molecule
A molecule is an electrically neutral group of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds
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element
In mathematics, an element, or member, of a set is any one of the distinct objects that make up that set
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compound
A chemical compound is an entity consisting of two or more atoms, at least two from different elements, which associate via chemical bonds
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neutralization reaction
In chemistry, neutralization or neutralisation , is a chemical reaction in which an acid and a base react quantitatively with each other
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reducing agent
A reducing agent is an element or compound that loses an electron to another chemical species in a redox chemical reaction
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reactants
A reagent /riˈeɪdʒənt/ is a substance or compound added to a system to cause a chemical reaction, or added to see if a reaction occurs
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chemical reaction
A chemical reaction is a process that leads to the transformation of one set of chemical substances to another
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solid
Solid is one of the four fundamental states of matter
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solid
Solid is one of the four fundamental states of matter
chemical reaction
A chemical reaction is a process that leads to the transformation of one set of chemical substances to another
reactants
A reagent /riˈeɪdʒənt/ is a substance or compound added to a system to cause a chemical reaction, or added to see if a reaction occurs
reducing agent
A reducing agent is an element or compound that loses an electron to another chemical species in a redox chemical reaction
neutralization reaction
In chemistry, neutralization or neutralisation , is a chemical reaction in which an acid and a base react quantitatively with each other
compound
A chemical compound is an entity consisting of two or more atoms, at least two from different elements, which associate via chemical bonds
element
In mathematics, an element, or member, of a set is any one of the distinct objects that make up that set
molecule
A molecule is an electrically neutral group of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds
filtration
Filtration is any of various mechanical, physical or biological operations that separate solids from fluids by adding a medium through which only the fluid can pass
mixture
In chemistry, a mixture is a material system made up of two or more different substances which are mixed but are not combined chemically
solution
In chemistry, a solution is a homogeneous mixture composed of two or more substances
alloy
An alloy is a mixture of metals or a mixture of a metal and another element
saturated
A saturated fat is a type of fat, in which the fatty acids all have single bonds
solvent
A solvent is a substance that dissolves a solute , resulting in a solution
gas
Gas is one of the four fundamental states of matter
liquid
A liquid is a nearly incompressible fluid that conforms to the shape of its container but retains a constant volume independent of pressure
absolute zero
Absolute zero is the lower limit of the thermodynamic temperature scale, a state at which the enthalpy and entropy of a cooled ideal gas reaches its minimum value, taken as 0
ideal gases
An ideal gas is a theoretical gas composed of many randomly moving point particles that do not interact except when they collide elastically
phase change
The term phase transition is most commonly used to describe transitions between solid, liquid and gaseous states of matter, and, in rare cases, plasma
amphoteric
In chemistry, an amphoteric compound is a molecule or ion that can react both as an acid as well as a base

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