Flashcards - Understanding Water's Role on Earth

Flashcards - Understanding Water's Role on Earth
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weathering
Weathering is the breaking down of rocks, soil and minerals as well as wood and artificial materials through contact with the Earth's atmosphere, waters and biological organisms
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water cycle
The water cycle, also known as the hydrological cycle or the H2O cycle, describes the continuous movement of water on, above and below the surface of the Earth
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hydrosphere
The hydrosphere is the combined mass of water found on, under, and above the surface of a planet
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photosynthesis
Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organisms to convert light energy into chemical energy that can later be released to fuel the organisms' activities
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Thermohaline circulation
Thermohaline circulation is a part of the large-scale ocean circulation that is driven by global density gradients created by surface heat and freshwater fluxes
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tsunami
A tsunami , also known as a seismic sea wave, is a series of waves in a water body caused by the displacement of a large volume of water, generally in an ocean or a large lake
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salinity
Salinity is the saltiness or dissolved salt content of a body of water
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salinity
Salinity is the saltiness or dissolved salt content of a body of water
tsunami
A tsunami , also known as a seismic sea wave, is a series of waves in a water body caused by the displacement of a large volume of water, generally in an ocean or a large lake
Thermohaline circulation
Thermohaline circulation is a part of the large-scale ocean circulation that is driven by global density gradients created by surface heat and freshwater fluxes
photosynthesis
Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organisms to convert light energy into chemical energy that can later be released to fuel the organisms' activities
hydrosphere
The hydrosphere is the combined mass of water found on, under, and above the surface of a planet
water cycle
The water cycle, also known as the hydrological cycle or the H2O cycle, describes the continuous movement of water on, above and below the surface of the Earth
weathering
Weathering is the breaking down of rocks, soil and minerals as well as wood and artificial materials through contact with the Earth's atmosphere, waters and biological organisms
high tide
Tides are the rise and fall of sea levels caused by the combined effects of the gravitational forces exerted by the Moon and the Sun and the rotation of the Earth
hadal zone
The hadal zone , also known as the hadopelagic zone and trench zone, is the delineation for the deepest trenches in the ocean
Littoral zone
The littoral zone is the part of a sea, lake or river that is close to the shore
neretic zone
The neritic zone is the relatively shallow part of the ocean above the drop-off of the continental shelf, approximately 200 metres in depth
oceanic zone
The oceanic zone begins in the area off shore where the water measures 200 meters deep or deeper
moraine
A moraine is any glacially formed accumulation of unconsolidated glacial debris that occurs in both currently and formerly glaciated regions on Earth , through geomorphological processes
ENSO cycle
El Niño–Southern Oscillation is an irregularly periodical variation in winds and sea surface temperatures over the tropical eastern Pacific Ocean, affecting much of the tropics and subtropics

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