Flashcards - Urinary System for the MCAT: Help and Review

Flashcards - Urinary System for the MCAT: Help and Review
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In human anatomy, the ureters are tubes made of smooth muscle fibers that propel urine from the kidneys to the urinary bladder
arcuate arteries
The arcuate arteries of the kidney are vessels of the renal circulation
interlobar arteries
The interlobar arteries are vessels of the renal circulation which supply the renal lobes
interlobular arteries
Interlobular arteries are renal blood vessels given off at right angles from the side of the arcuate arteries looking toward the cortical substance
renal artery
The renal arteries normally arise off the side of the abdominal aorta, immediately below the superior mesenteric artery, and supply the kidneys with blood
afferent arteriole
The afferent arterioles are a group of blood vessels that supply the nephrons in many excretory systems
efferent arteriole
The efferent arterioles are blood vessels that are part of the urinary tract of organisms
renal corpuscle
In the kidney, a renal corpuscle is the initial blood-filtering component of a nephron
juxtaglomerular apparatus
The juxtaglomerular apparatus is a microscopic structure in the kidney that regulates the function of each nephron, the functional units of the kidney
juxtaglomerular cell
The juxtaglomerular cells are cells in the kidney that synthesize, store, and secrete the enzyme renin
anti-diuretic hormone
Vasopressin, also known as antidiuretic hormone , is a neurohypophysial hormone found in most mammals
metabolic acidosis
Metabolic acidosis is a condition that occurs when the body produces excessive quantities of acid or when the kidneys are not removing enough acid from the body
Anemia, also spelled anaemia, is usually defined as a decrease in the amount of red blood cells or hemoglobin in the blood
Glycosuria or glucosuria is the excretion of glucose into the urine
Proteinuria means the presence of an excess of serum proteins in the urine

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