FTCE Culture & Technology in History Flashcards

FTCE Culture & Technology in History Flashcards
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Russian Religion
Majority = Russian Orthodox
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Central Asian Religion
Majority = Islam, Second Largest = Russian Orthodox
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Central Asia and Russsia
Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan
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Ethnic Groups of East Asia
Main Ethnic Groups - Han (Chinese), Yamoto (Japanese) and Korean; Minor Ethnic Groups - Kazakhs, Manchurians, Mongols, Tibetans, and Uyghurs
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East Asia
Geographic region that includes China, Japan, North Korea, and South Korea
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Middle Eastern Technological Contributions
Gas laser, DNA analysis from a single skin cell, capsule endoscopy (camera in a pill), Iron Dome (defense system of Israel), ReWalk (walking assistance for paraplegics)
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African Technological Contributions
The CAT scan, heart transplants, lithium ion battery, hospital in a box (portable and solar-powered operating room), and sorghum (drought resistant cereal)
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Major Religions of the Middle East
Judaism, Christianity, and Islam
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Major Faiths of Africa
Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, Judaism, and traditional African religions
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Lingua Franca
A shared language among peoples (e.g. Africa has over 2,000 languages spoken and communication can be difficult there)
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Cultural Pattern
How a certain group of people continually behave
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Communication Technology
Communication has improved dramatically over the last 200 years. Examples range from the telegraph, to the telephone, to radio and TV, and currently with the internet.
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Penicillin
An antibiotic discovered in 1928 that helped treat infections which had previously killed many people.
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Economies of Scale
This idea is referring to how it is cheaper to produce something on a massive scale.
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Agricultural Revolution
Also known as the Neolithic Revolution, this was when the human species began to stay in one place and farm the land. This took place over hundreds of years.
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Technology
When science is used to solve a problem and achieve a specific idea; can be simple (e.g. eating utensils) or complex (e.g. telescope)
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Science
The investigation of the natural world, made up of various branches, such as Biology (study of life), Physics (study of movement), and Astronomy (study of the stars)
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35 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

Some of the most interesting aspects of history come from a people's cultural and technological contributions to the world. This flashcard set will give you an overview of the culture (religion, languages, ethnicities, etc.) and technological inventions of major regions of the world. By the end of this study session, you should know who invented paper and the CD player, what religion dominates Uzbekistan, and how many ethnic groups exist in Europe!

Front
Back
Science
The investigation of the natural world, made up of various branches, such as Biology (study of life), Physics (study of movement), and Astronomy (study of the stars)
Technology
When science is used to solve a problem and achieve a specific idea; can be simple (e.g. eating utensils) or complex (e.g. telescope)
Agricultural Revolution
Also known as the Neolithic Revolution, this was when the human species began to stay in one place and farm the land. This took place over hundreds of years.
Economies of Scale
This idea is referring to how it is cheaper to produce something on a massive scale.
Penicillin
An antibiotic discovered in 1928 that helped treat infections which had previously killed many people.
Communication Technology
Communication has improved dramatically over the last 200 years. Examples range from the telegraph, to the telephone, to radio and TV, and currently with the internet.
Cultural Pattern
How a certain group of people continually behave
Lingua Franca
A shared language among peoples (e.g. Africa has over 2,000 languages spoken and communication can be difficult there)
Major Faiths of Africa
Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, Judaism, and traditional African religions
Major Religions of the Middle East
Judaism, Christianity, and Islam
African Technological Contributions
The CAT scan, heart transplants, lithium ion battery, hospital in a box (portable and solar-powered operating room), and sorghum (drought resistant cereal)
Middle Eastern Technological Contributions
Gas laser, DNA analysis from a single skin cell, capsule endoscopy (camera in a pill), Iron Dome (defense system of Israel), ReWalk (walking assistance for paraplegics)
East Asia
Geographic region that includes China, Japan, North Korea, and South Korea
Ethnic Groups of East Asia
Main Ethnic Groups - Han (Chinese), Yamoto (Japanese) and Korean; Minor Ethnic Groups - Kazakhs, Manchurians, Mongols, Tibetans, and Uyghurs
Central Asia and Russsia
Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan
Central Asian Religion
Majority = Islam, Second Largest = Russian Orthodox
Russian Religion
Majority = Russian Orthodox
Central Asian and Russian Languages
Each country has its own language (e.g. Kazakh), but Russian and Uzbek are the other major languages in each country.
Central Asian Cultural Influences
Located in the center of Eurasian trade & occupied by various empires, there are cultural remnants of Eastern European, Asian, Russian and nomadic groups like the Mongols in Central Asia.
Japanese Technological Contributions
CD Player, Karaoke music, pocket calculator, electric rice cooker, humanoid robots
Chinese Technological Contributions
Paper, block printing, navigational compass, gunpowder, e-cigarette, The Hoverboard, optical fibers used in Internet connections
Indian Technological Contributions
Steel, cotton garments, diamond mining procedures and tools, plastic surgery, cataract surgery
Europe
Made up of 50 countries and roughly the same size as the United States
European Language
There are many language groups and branches, but some of the major ones are: Germanic, Romance, Baltic, Slavic, Albanian, Greek, Turkic, Mongolic, Uralic, and Celtic.
European Ethnicity
There are 87 distinct ethnic groups, 33 dominant and 54 minorities
European Religion
Many Europeans do not identify with a religion. Those that do identify as religious are a part of some Christian faith, such as Catholic, or Eastern Orthodox.
German Technological Contributions
Programmable computer, adhesive tape, electron microscope, ballistic missile, accordion
English Technological Contributions
World Wide Web, the telephone
French Technological Contributions
Photography, pasteurization, pencil sharpeners, stethoscope
Italian Technological Contributions
Denim jeans, electric batteries, contested inventions include the telephone and the radio
Russian Technological Contributions
Contributions to the television, videotape recorder, the helicopter, solar cells, and synthetic rubber
Mestizo
Someone of mixed descent from both Native American and Spanish ancestors
Afro-Caribbean
Someone who is descended from a mix of African and Native Caribbean ancestors
North American Technological Contributions
light bulb, airplane, GPS (Global Positioning System), Walkie-Talkie, snowmobile, oral contraceptives (The Pill), color TV
South American Technological Contributions
Animated film, artificial heart, abreugraphy (X-ray screening for tuberculosis), portable cassette player

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