FTCE Florida & U.S. History Flashcards

FTCE Florida & U.S. History Flashcards
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Slave Codes
Rules that determined what a slave could and could not do and how their owner must treat them (e.g. It was illegal to teach a slave how to read.)
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Urban Slavery vs. Plantation Slavery
Urban slaves often worked in factories or in homes and the conditions were usually more tolerable than plantations, which required long, difficult, and dangerous hours toiling in a field.
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Middle Passage
The dangerous and brutal journey that slaves took from Africa to the Americas
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Triangular Trade
The exchange of manufactured goods, slaves, and raw materials between Europe, Africa and the Americas (respectively)
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Indentured Servitude
When an individual (or less often a family) would exchange a period of service for passage to a new land
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Dutch Colonialism
The Netherlands did not have many colonies in the New World, but they did establish New Amsterdam which would become New York. The Dutch, however, did have major trading influence in Asia.
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British Colonialism
The British dominated the eastern coast of North America as well as a few islands in the Caribbean. However, the British also colonized many places in Africa and Asia.
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French Colonialism
The French focused more on economic colonialism, which utilized trade relationships in the New World to gain influence. They dominated modern day Canada and a few islands in the Caribbean.
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Spanish Colonialism
The Spaniards colonized most of South and Central America and a large chunk of Southwest North America. They acquired vast wealth and new products from the Age of Discovery.
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Colonialism
When one country invades, conquers, and settles another country/region
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20 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

Colonialism plays an important role in United States History for it begins the settlement of many Europeans in the New World. This flashcard set will introduce you to exploration, colonization, and different waves of immigration of the U.S. You will find a special emphasis on Florida history, including Native Americans, Spanish exploration and settlement, and slavery.

Front
Back
Colonialism
When one country invades, conquers, and settles another country/region
Spanish Colonialism
The Spaniards colonized most of South and Central America and a large chunk of Southwest North America. They acquired vast wealth and new products from the Age of Discovery.
French Colonialism
The French focused more on economic colonialism, which utilized trade relationships in the New World to gain influence. They dominated modern day Canada and a few islands in the Caribbean.
British Colonialism
The British dominated the eastern coast of North America as well as a few islands in the Caribbean. However, the British also colonized many places in Africa and Asia.
Dutch Colonialism
The Netherlands did not have many colonies in the New World, but they did establish New Amsterdam which would become New York. The Dutch, however, did have major trading influence in Asia.
Indentured Servitude
When an individual (or less often a family) would exchange a period of service for passage to a new land
Triangular Trade
The exchange of manufactured goods, slaves, and raw materials between Europe, Africa and the Americas (respectively)
Middle Passage
The dangerous and brutal journey that slaves took from Africa to the Americas
Urban Slavery vs. Plantation Slavery
Urban slaves often worked in factories or in homes and the conditions were usually more tolerable than plantations, which required long, difficult, and dangerous hours toiling in a field.
Slave Codes
Rules that determined what a slave could and could not do and how their owner must treat them (e.g. It was illegal to teach a slave how to read.)
Immigration
Moving to a new country in search of a new life.
Old Immigrants
Those arriving to the US in the mid 19th century, usually from Northwest Europe, tended to be educated or skilled, and many already spoke English
New Immigrants
Those arriving around the turn of the 20th century, usually from Southeast Europe, and less skilled/educated than the generation of immigrants who came before
Push Factor
A problem in the home country, something that is driving someone to emigrate (e.g. famine, corruption, etc.)
Pull Factors
Opportunities or solutions to problems that attract immigrants (e.g. job opportunities, clean and healthy living)
Nativism
The feeling of resentment that some Americans felt towards new immigrants
Ponce de León
A Spanish explorer who is known for being the first European to set foot in Florida. He intended to colonize it, but was driven out by natives.
Calusa Native Americans
An early native tribe from Florida, drove out Ponce de León and his men
Hernando de Soto
Another Spanish explorer, who arrived in Florida looking for gold, de Soto traveled throughout the southern US.
St. Augustine
A Spanish colony founded in Florida in 1565

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