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FTCE Geography Flashcards

FTCE Geography Flashcards
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Rock layers and faults would be shown on a _____ map.
Geologic
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Scale on a map
A ratio of two numbers that allows a map reader to determine the actual size of places depicted on the map.
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Political maps
Maps that show government boundaries including cities, states, and capitals.
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Maps that show the height of mountains, valleys, and some man-made structures are called _____.
Topographic maps.
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The database that stores information from GPS and elsewhere, which geographers use for data collection and manipulation.
GIS, or Global Information System.
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GPS
Global Positioning System. GPS is a tool that uses satellites to provide navigational information. Many people use GPS in their cars or on their phones when they need directions to a new place.
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Cartographer
A map maker.
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A scientist focusing on loss of trees due to new industry would be studying _____.
Environment and society, which focuses on the direct impact of humans on the natural geography.
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While the study of human systems explores the effects of human movement, the study of _____ focuses on natural features like glaciers and volcanoes.
Physical systems
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Geography
The study of the Earth, particularly its physical surface and atmosphere, as well as how it affects and is affected by humans.
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21 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

This flashcard set is designed to help those preparing for the FTCE Elementary Education K-6 exam. The set provides a comprehensive review of fundamental concepts in Geography including elements of geography, types of maps and navigation systems, population pyramids, geologic map reading, and climate change. Brush up on key terms and concepts to prepare for the exam.

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Geography
The study of the Earth, particularly its physical surface and atmosphere, as well as how it affects and is affected by humans.
While the study of human systems explores the effects of human movement, the study of _____ focuses on natural features like glaciers and volcanoes.
Physical systems
A scientist focusing on loss of trees due to new industry would be studying _____.
Environment and society, which focuses on the direct impact of humans on the natural geography.
Cartographer
A map maker.
GPS
Global Positioning System. GPS is a tool that uses satellites to provide navigational information. Many people use GPS in their cars or on their phones when they need directions to a new place.
The database that stores information from GPS and elsewhere, which geographers use for data collection and manipulation.
GIS, or Global Information System.
Maps that show the height of mountains, valleys, and some man-made structures are called _____.
Topographic maps.
Political maps
Maps that show government boundaries including cities, states, and capitals.
Scale on a map
A ratio of two numbers that allows a map reader to determine the actual size of places depicted on the map.
Rock layers and faults would be shown on a _____ map.
Geologic
The point at which two different types of rock meet is called a _____.
Contact
Different lines on a geologic map represent faults, folds and other features. Different colors represent _____.
Geologic units, which are various kinds of rock formations from a specific time period.
In geography terms, a canyon is an example of a _____ characteristic, whereas a dam is an example of a human characteristic.
Physical
The bottom layer of a population pyramid depicts _____.
Fertility, or in other words, how many babies are born each decade.
A population pyramid that resembles a tower, with relatively uniform width at top and bottom, is called a _____.
Stationary pyramid. Stationary pyramids show populations in which most babies survive into old age due to good overall health and medicine.
Constrictive pyramid
A population pyramid that depicts a baby boom, when an unusually large number of babies was born during a specific period.
Statistics about birth and death rates help geographers to understand the _____ characteristics of a specific place.
human
The era when people first started to settle into non-migratory communities.
the Neolithic era
Irrigation
The process of routing water from a natural source to a location where humans need it.
Overharvesting
A form of human environmental destruction caused by harvesting natural resources faster than the natural environment can recover.
Greenhouse gases
Gases that trap heat in Earth's atmosphere, and which are being overproduced by vehicle emissions and power plants. The huge surge in greenhouse gases is a major contributor to climate change.

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