FTCE Government & Civics Flashcards

FTCE Government & Civics Flashcards
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Direct Election
The term used to describe an election that is strictly determined by popular vote. Common examples of this type of election include the sheriff and members of the school board.
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Name the model of government that the United State uses.
The United States is a democratic republic. This means that citizens have a voice in political decision making through the election of officials.
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The Judicial Branch of Government
This branch of the U.S. Government contains the United States Supreme Court. One of their key powers is judicial review, which allows them to check the other branches for lawful practices.
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The Executive Branch of Government
This branch of government is lead by the President of the United States, the commander-in-chief. The primary responsibilities of the branch include carrying out laws.
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Legislative Branch
This branch of the U.S. Government is led by Congress and has the primary responsibility of making laws.
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Name the three branches of government.
The legislative branch, the executive branch, and the judicial branch
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Permanent Residency
This designation allows immigrants the ability to work and have protection under the country's laws. The document that proves their legal status in this category is called a green card.
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Refugees
Groups of people who flee one country due to negative circumstances and seek safety in another country
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Naturalization
The process in which immigrants become U.S. citizens
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Federal Government
This is the division of government that stretches over an entire country. This system helps to unite and oversee state governments to ensure national unity.
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Governor
The highest ranking state official who is elected to represent the state. They hold the power to extend executive orders and facilitate legislation, among other responsibilities.
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State Constitution
A written document that provides a foundation for a state's governmental structure, political systems, and establishes limitations of a state's power.
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Municipal Ordinances
These are regulations established by a city government. Examples include parking restrictions and noise restrictions.
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Municipal Government
These public administrations cover a township, village, borough, city or town. They vary in size and offer service in areas such as parks and recreation, police, fire, and public works.
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Name the political subdivision within a state that contains these positions: Sheriffs, Tax assessor-collectors, Justices of the peace, and Constables.
These elected positions are under county governments. Other positions include County judges, County or District attorneys, County clerks, County treasurers, and the County auditor.
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County Government
Generally the largest political subdivision within a state, these public administrations provide oversight in a county, borough or parish.
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Local Government
The public administrative oversight of towns, cities, counties and districts. They work under the guidelines of their state constitution.
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34 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

We are impacted daily by laws and regulations put forth by the many levels of Government. Understanding how these rules come about and are enforced is a complicated but important process, with many inner workings behind the scenes. Use this set of flashcards to understand the various aspects of government and civics that are key to being an informed citizen.

Front
Back
Local Government
The public administrative oversight of towns, cities, counties and districts. They work under the guidelines of their state constitution.
County Government
Generally the largest political subdivision within a state, these public administrations provide oversight in a county, borough or parish.
Name the political subdivision within a state that contains these positions: Sheriffs, Tax assessor-collectors, Justices of the peace, and Constables.
These elected positions are under county governments. Other positions include County judges, County or District attorneys, County clerks, County treasurers, and the County auditor.
Municipal Government
These public administrations cover a township, village, borough, city or town. They vary in size and offer service in areas such as parks and recreation, police, fire, and public works.
Municipal Ordinances
These are regulations established by a city government. Examples include parking restrictions and noise restrictions.
State Constitution
A written document that provides a foundation for a state's governmental structure, political systems, and establishes limitations of a state's power.
Governor
The highest ranking state official who is elected to represent the state. They hold the power to extend executive orders and facilitate legislation, among other responsibilities.
Federal Government
This is the division of government that stretches over an entire country. This system helps to unite and oversee state governments to ensure national unity.
Naturalization
The process in which immigrants become U.S. citizens
Refugees
Groups of people who flee one country due to negative circumstances and seek safety in another country
Permanent Residency
This designation allows immigrants the ability to work and have protection under the country's laws. The document that proves their legal status in this category is called a green card.
Name the three branches of government.
The legislative branch, the executive branch, and the judicial branch
Legislative Branch
This branch of the U.S. Government is led by Congress and has the primary responsibility of making laws.
The Executive Branch of Government
This branch of government is lead by the President of the United States, the commander-in-chief. The primary responsibilities of the branch include carrying out laws.
The Judicial Branch of Government
This branch of the U.S. Government contains the United States Supreme Court. One of their key powers is judicial review, which allows them to check the other branches for lawful practices.
Name the model of government that the United State uses.
The United States is a democratic republic. This means that citizens have a voice in political decision making through the election of officials.
Direct Election
The term used to describe an election that is strictly determined by popular vote. Common examples of this type of election include the sheriff and members of the school board.
Electoral College
A group of representatives that are elected by each state. This group votes in the presidential election, thus making it an indirect election.
Name the number of senators that represent each state.
There are two senators that represent each state.
Name the current number of electoral college votes.
There are 538 electoral college votes. 100 votes belong to state senators. 438 votes are divided between congressional districts. Congressional districts in a state are based on population.
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the constitution make up the Bill of Rights. These are considered to be a list of individual rights for individuals in the United States.
Name the amendment that gives individuals freedom of speech and religion.
These individual rights are found in the the First Amendment.
Name the amendment that gives individuals the right to bear arms for protection or hunting.
This individual right is found in the Second Amendment.
Name the amendment that provides individuals the right to not speak when being questioned by police.
This individual right is found in the Fifth Amendment.
Human Rights
These are the basic rights provided to every single human being. An outline of these rights can be found in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
Distributive Justice
This category of justice is concerned with ensuring the division of resources is done fairly among a society.
Retributive Justice
This category of justice is focused on punishing those who break laws or commit crimes.
Corrective Justice
This category of justice is primarily concerned with righting the wrongs that have been done to victims.
Procedural Justice
This category of justice deals with due process, ensuring trials and legal procedures are fairly conducted.
Statute
A law that is written and has been passed by the legislative branch of the government. An individual is subject to punishment if they do not follow these regulations.
Constitution
This is the most powerful source of law in the United States of America. It is a written document that provides the foundation for our government.
Common Law System
This aspect of the United State's legal system where precedent for legal decisions comes from previously decided cases.
Name the individual who can veto a bill before it becomes a law.
The president is able to veto a bill before it becomes a law. It can still become a law after this veto if two-thirds of the house and senate vote to override the veto.
Conference Committee
While a bill is being debated, a conference committee can be created to discuss differences that come up in the desires of the House and Senate in terms of changing the bill.

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