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FTCE Interactions Among Living Things Flashcards

FTCE Interactions Among Living Things Flashcards
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Define the basic tenet of Lamarckian Inheritance.
The need for a trait spawns the creation of that trait. An example of this is the strong long necks of giraffes which was passed onto their offspring.
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Identify the type of selection:
Disruptive Selection
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Identify the type of selection:
Stabilizing Selection
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Identify the top of selection:
Directional Selection
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True or False: Different versions of the same gene are called locus.
False - the same genes are called alleles while locus is the location of a gene in a chromosome.
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True of False: Phenotype is the genetic code that mutates and genotype is the observable trait based off of that mutation.
False - Phenotype is the observable trait created from a mutated genotype.
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The 4 main classes of infectious agents:

1. Bacteria

2. Virus

3. Fungi

4. Parasite

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15 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

The interactions among living things chapter is a broad spectrum that covers how living things interact with each other, their environment, their genetics, the adaptation of species, the food chain, and the effects that people have on them. This flashcard set covers the basics of biology, genetics, and ecology as outlined in the chapter on Interactions Among Living Things. It also includes information on pollution and its effect on the environment and the organisms contained in it. Each card comes from the lessons provided in that chapter.

Front
Back
The 4 main classes of infectious agents:

1. Bacteria

2. Virus

3. Fungi

4. Parasite

True of False: Phenotype is the genetic code that mutates and genotype is the observable trait based off of that mutation.
False - Phenotype is the observable trait created from a mutated genotype.
True or False: Different versions of the same gene are called locus.
False - the same genes are called alleles while locus is the location of a gene in a chromosome.
Identify the top of selection:
Directional Selection
Identify the type of selection:
Stabilizing Selection
Identify the type of selection:
Disruptive Selection
Define the basic tenet of Lamarckian Inheritance.
The need for a trait spawns the creation of that trait. An example of this is the strong long necks of giraffes which was passed onto their offspring.
Describe the basic tenet of Darwinian Evolution.
Evolution is driven by natural selection: those with the most desirable traits will reproduce more readily in the population thus in time changing a specific trait or traits of a species.
True or False: the ecology is the study of the relationship between organisms and the environment in which they live.
True
Identify the 5 types of ecological studies that can be performed.

1. Organismal Ecology

2. Population Ecology

3. Community Ecology

4. Ecosystem Ecology

5. Biosphere Ecology

Identify the 5 trophic levels of the food chain in which living things obtain their energy.

1. Producer

2. Primary Consumer

3. Secondary Consumer

4. Tertiary Consumer

5. Quaternary Consumer

True or False: Omnivores can obtain energy from any of the trophic consumer levels.
True
Define the term food web.
Food webs are a series of interconnected food chains which show feeding relationships among populations in a given environment.
The 3 types of pollution:

1. Physical Pollution

2. Chemical Pollution

3. Biological Pollution

True or False: Biological pollutants are generally caused by human interference.
True - a good example of this is the introduction of the Emerald Ash Borer from Asia into American forests by the importation of wood which causes the destruction of American Ash trees.

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