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FTCE Nature of Science Flashcards

FTCE Nature of Science Flashcards
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The process of systematic observation, measurement, experimentation; and the formulation, testing, and modification of hypotheses
scientific method
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The quality of science that allows ideas to be modified according to new evidence
tenativeness
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The term for the ability to perform the same methodology of an experiment and come up with the same results
replicate
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A term used in scientific studies to indicate that the results were different enough to not be caused by coincidence alone
significant
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The ability of a scientific theory to stand up to repeated experimentation and observation
durability
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Events that occur around us that are not man-made
natural phenomenon
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A statement based on repeated experimentation
scientific law
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A scientific procedure used to test a hypothesis
experiment
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Knowledge received through witnessing and recording
observation
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A well refined, tested, and confirmed theory
natural law
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A group of tested assumptions that generalize several hypotheses to apply them to a set of circumstances
theory
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A testable observation based on current knowledge that requires further experimentation
hypothesis
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A claim or belief based on scientific ideas, but that does not follow the scientific method
pseudoscience
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A set of principles taught as being unquestionably true
dogma
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A branch of study that attempts to understand the natural world through observation and experimentation
science
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31 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

Using this flashcard set is recommended if you are interested in practicing topics related to the scientific method, scientific studies, understanding the difference between a hypothesis and a theory in science, or experiment design and results. Learn what scientists mean when they use terms such as control group and explanatory variable.

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A branch of study that attempts to understand the natural world through observation and experimentation
science
A set of principles taught as being unquestionably true
dogma
A claim or belief based on scientific ideas, but that does not follow the scientific method
pseudoscience
A testable observation based on current knowledge that requires further experimentation
hypothesis
A group of tested assumptions that generalize several hypotheses to apply them to a set of circumstances
theory
A well refined, tested, and confirmed theory
natural law
Knowledge received through witnessing and recording
observation
A scientific procedure used to test a hypothesis
experiment
A statement based on repeated experimentation
scientific law
Events that occur around us that are not man-made
natural phenomenon
The ability of a scientific theory to stand up to repeated experimentation and observation
durability
A term used in scientific studies to indicate that the results were different enough to not be caused by coincidence alone
significant
The term for the ability to perform the same methodology of an experiment and come up with the same results
replicate
The quality of science that allows ideas to be modified according to new evidence
tenativeness
The process of systematic observation, measurement, experimentation; and the formulation, testing, and modification of hypotheses
scientific method
Put the steps of the scientific method into the correct order: conclusion, state the question, observe, analyze data, hypothesis, experiment.
observe, state the question, hypothesis, experiment, analyze data, conclusion,
Average weather over a long period of time
climate
Grouping objects into specific categories to help to better understand and organize them
classification
The science of naming, describing and classifying
taxonomy
Data collected from an experiment that is relevant to the hypothesis
results
The section of a scientific paper that discusses the details of how an experiment was performed
materials and methods
The section of a scientific paper that summarizes all other parts of the paper.
abstract
Purposeful distortion or selection of data and results to skew the conclusion of a scientific paper
data manipulation
A type of figure that is used to compare two variables along an x and y axis
line graph
The condition that a scientist has control over during an experiment and can manipulate.
independent variable
The condition in an experiment that is measured by a scientist to see if it is changed; similar to the response variable
dependent variable
The condition in an experiment that is similar to an independent variable in that it can influence the dependent variable, but cannot always be controlled.
explanatory variable
A type of study that relies on what can be witnessed and results are inferred from data collected
observational study
A group that is untested during an experiment and is used as a benchmark to measure how tested subjects respond
control group
An experimental variable used on a test group
treatment
A term describing how much treatment is applied to an experimental group
factor

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