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FTCE Plant Biology Flashcards

FTCE Plant Biology Flashcards
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Chloroplast
The organelle found in plant cells where photosynthesis occurs.
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Photosynthesis
The process by which plants create sugar from carbon dioxide and water by utilizing energy from sunlight.
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Name the openings on plants that permit water to escape and make possible the exchange of gases for photosynthesis.
These openings are the stomata or stoma (singular). They are generally located under the plant's leaves.
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Transpiration
The process that carries water through a plant from the roots to the leaves, at which point it is released from the plant as vapor.
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Name the part of a plant found below ground.
The part of a plant found below ground is the roots. The roots main jobs are to absorb water and nutrients and transport them to the plant. The roots ensure the plant is stable in the soil.
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Rhizome
This is the scientific name given to the group of roots that are attached to a plant.
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Name the components of the root system.
This system contains the taproot, the thickest root that grows vertically and lateral roots that are smaller and grow outwards. Root hairs and root caps are also part of this system.
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Name the part of a plant seen here.
This is the stamen. It is the male component of the plant's reproductive system containing the filaments, anthers, and pollen.
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Name the part of a plant seen here.
This is the pistol. The pistol is the female component of the plant's reproductive system. It contains the style, stigma, ovary, and ovules.
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Identify the part of a plant seen here.
This is a leaf. Leaves are attached to the stem by the petiole and the point they attach is called a node. Their job is to create energy by photosynthesis and keep plant temperature stable.
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Name the part of a plant shown here.
This is the stem. This part of a plant is more stable and sturdy, helping the plant hold its shape, nutrients travel up the stem through the xylem and phloem.
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Name the part of a plant found above ground.
The part of a plant found above ground is the shoot. The shoot contains the stem, leaves, flowers, and fruit.
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Flashcard Content Overview

From the overwhelming beauty of fields of wildflowers to dirt-covered root systems buried deep in the ground, plants are more complex than they may first appear. Use this set of flashcards to familiarize yourself with the most important concepts and vocabulary related to plant biology including the parts of plants, plant reproduction, photosynthesis, and more.

Front
Back
Name the part of a plant found above ground.
The part of a plant found above ground is the shoot. The shoot contains the stem, leaves, flowers, and fruit.
Name the part of a plant shown here.
This is the stem. This part of a plant is more stable and sturdy, helping the plant hold its shape, nutrients travel up the stem through the xylem and phloem.
Identify the part of a plant seen here.
This is a leaf. Leaves are attached to the stem by the petiole and the point they attach is called a node. Their job is to create energy by photosynthesis and keep plant temperature stable.
Name the part of a plant seen here.
This is the pistol. The pistol is the female component of the plant's reproductive system. It contains the style, stigma, ovary, and ovules.
Name the part of a plant seen here.
This is the stamen. It is the male component of the plant's reproductive system containing the filaments, anthers, and pollen.
Name the components of the root system.
This system contains the taproot, the thickest root that grows vertically and lateral roots that are smaller and grow outwards. Root hairs and root caps are also part of this system.
Rhizome
This is the scientific name given to the group of roots that are attached to a plant.
Name the part of a plant found below ground.
The part of a plant found below ground is the roots. The roots main jobs are to absorb water and nutrients and transport them to the plant. The roots ensure the plant is stable in the soil.
Transpiration
The process that carries water through a plant from the roots to the leaves, at which point it is released from the plant as vapor.
Name the openings on plants that permit water to escape and make possible the exchange of gases for photosynthesis.
These openings are the stomata or stoma (singular). They are generally located under the plant's leaves.
Photosynthesis
The process by which plants create sugar from carbon dioxide and water by utilizing energy from sunlight.
Chloroplast
The organelle found in plant cells where photosynthesis occurs.
Chlorophyll
This is the most common pigment molecule, responsible for the green color we see in many plants. It is located in the chloroplast and absorbs light from the sun.
Name the two products of photosynthesis.
Sugar and oxygen. The most common form of sugar created is glucose.
Asexual reproduction
A form of reproduction that requires a single organism, there is no genetic exchange and the offspring are typically identical to the single parent.
Name the type of reproduction occurring here.
The type of reproduction occurring here is budding. This is one version of asexual reproduction. When cut off and planted, each sprout would grow into an identical potato.
Vegetative propagation
This is a type of asexual reproduction that occurs by producing new plants from existing plant structures. For example, strawberries shoot out horizontal stems that grow into new plants.
Fragmentation
A type of asexual reproduction that occurs when a new plant is grown after planting a broken piece of the parent plant. An example of this is found in liverwort plants.
Angiosperm
A plant that yields fruit or a flower.
Name the female parts of a plant.
Carpels, the female part of a plant, contain a stigma, style, and ovary. The stigma catches pollen that then travels down the style to the ovary, where the ovule (egg) is fertilized.
Name the male parts of a plant.
The male part of a plant is the stamen, containing the anther and filament. The anther creates pollen grains that hold sperm. The filament is a stalk that supports the anther.
Abiotic environmental stress
Non-living factors that can impact a plant's appearance or ability to thrive. Some of these factors include flooding, drought, and extreme temperatures.
Thigmomorphogenesis
The reaction that plants have to mechanical stimuli in terms of development and adaptation.
Thigmotropism
The way a plant purposefully changes its direction of growth when it physically is touched by or comes into contact with something. For example, a vine coiling around a lattice.
Thigmonasty
This is movement of a plant in a manner that is not influenced by the direction of the stimulus. An example is the Mimosa pudica, this plant quickly closes when touched.

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