FTCE Reading Comprehension Flashcards

FTCE Reading Comprehension Flashcards
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Word Wall
A strategy to teach vocabulary by attaching words to a wall so students can visually see all day long (can be arranged in a variety of ways).
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Tools to Expand Your Vocabulary
Dictionary, Thesaurus, Textbook Glossary, Fiction and Nonfiction Books
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Readers' Theater
Using plays or scripts to read aloud as a group, students are assigned individual parts or choral parts.
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Choral Reading
A larger group of students read aloud together all at the same time.
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Partner Reading
Pairs of students take turns reading aloud to each other.
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Independent Reading Level
The level of books for which a student knows the majority of words but is also learning a few new ones.
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Reading Fluency
The ability to read smoothly, without taking long breaks between words, and to still be able to comprehend meaning.
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High Frequency Words
Also referred to as sight words, these are common words that show up frequently in a particular language (e.g. 'she', 'the').
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Semantic Clues
Using the context of a sentence to figure out what a word might be.
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Word Families
Multiple words that end in the same way.
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Chunking Words
Breaking a word into smaller, easier to remember bits (e.g. break apart 'begin' into 'beg' and 'in').
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Phonemic Awareness
Learning how different letters sound when arranged in different ways.
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Decoding
How a reader figures out words (sounding it out, by sight, etc).
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Morphemic Word Recognition
Also known as the automatic phase of decoding, students can continuously recognize known words and easily sound out foreign words.
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Graphophonemic Word Recognition
Also known as the consolidated alphabet stage, this stage involves sophisticated decoding, including multisyllabic words, prefixes, root words, and patterns.
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Full-Alphabetic Word Recognition
Students can identify all of the letters and sounds, and are beginning to memorize sight words and decode words through phonics.
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Partial-Alphabetic Word Recognition
Beginning readers know most of the consonants by sight and the sounds that they make, and can sound out a few words.
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Pre-Alphabetic Word Recognition
This stage is made up of mostly preschoolers who may recognize a few letters and their own name, but do not understand the phonics of letters.
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37 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

Helping to create strong readers is one of the most vital components of elementary education. This flashcard set will explore basic reading strategies, identify different types of texts, and various reading comprehension levels.

Front
Back
Pre-Alphabetic Word Recognition
This stage is made up of mostly preschoolers who may recognize a few letters and their own name, but do not understand the phonics of letters.
Partial-Alphabetic Word Recognition
Beginning readers know most of the consonants by sight and the sounds that they make, and can sound out a few words.
Full-Alphabetic Word Recognition
Students can identify all of the letters and sounds, and are beginning to memorize sight words and decode words through phonics.
Graphophonemic Word Recognition
Also known as the consolidated alphabet stage, this stage involves sophisticated decoding, including multisyllabic words, prefixes, root words, and patterns.
Morphemic Word Recognition
Also known as the automatic phase of decoding, students can continuously recognize known words and easily sound out foreign words.
Decoding
How a reader figures out words (sounding it out, by sight, etc).
Phonemic Awareness
Learning how different letters sound when arranged in different ways.
Chunking Words
Breaking a word into smaller, easier to remember bits (e.g. break apart 'begin' into 'beg' and 'in').
Word Families
Multiple words that end in the same way.
Semantic Clues
Using the context of a sentence to figure out what a word might be.
High Frequency Words
Also referred to as sight words, these are common words that show up frequently in a particular language (e.g. 'she', 'the').
Reading Fluency
The ability to read smoothly, without taking long breaks between words, and to still be able to comprehend meaning.
Independent Reading Level
The level of books for which a student knows the majority of words but is also learning a few new ones.
Partner Reading
Pairs of students take turns reading aloud to each other.
Choral Reading
A larger group of students read aloud together all at the same time.
Readers' Theater
Using plays or scripts to read aloud as a group, students are assigned individual parts or choral parts.
Tools to Expand Your Vocabulary
Dictionary, Thesaurus, Textbook Glossary, Fiction and Nonfiction Books
Word Wall
A strategy to teach vocabulary by attaching words to a wall so students can visually see all day long (can be arranged in a variety of ways).
Word Maps
A strategy to teach vocabulary, by using a graphic organizer to break vocabulary into various categories (definition, examples, synonyms, antonyms, etc).
Flashcards
A strategy to teach vocabulary, where students write the term on one side of a card and the definition on the back, then quiz themselves or each other.
Vocabulary Bingo
A game to reinforce vocabulary, where students write vocabulary words in a BINGO sheet and mark them off when the teacher gives the definition (or vice verse).
Word Analysis
Breaking down a word into its parts (suffixes, prefixes, root words).
Diction
How an author sounds and what words and phrases he or she chooses to use.
Repetition
Multiple chances to practice something in a variety of ways.
The Steps of Reading Comprehension
1. Stick to your comfort level of reading, 2. React to what you have read, 3. Discuss your reaction with others
Literal Reading Comprehension
Understanding the most basic meaning of words and sentences without no nuance.
Sequence
A skill found on the Literal Comprehension Level where a reader is able to chronologically follow a story or list out directions.
Interpretive Comprehension Level
By inferring an author's meaning, readers are able to go beyond the literal meaning and make assumptions about characters and plots.
Critical Comprehension Level
A reader is able to critique and evaluate what they are reading. They can agree or disagree with opinions and evaluate the credibility of an author.
Creative Comprehension Level
This level requires a reader to move beyond the text and create their own ideas/projects/papers that expand upon the original text.
Fix-Up Strategies
Helping students to better comprehend reading (e.g. note-taking skills, asking questions, identifying patterns).
Think-Alouds
The teacher models good reading skills by voicing out loud personal questions and comments about a text.
Three Minute Pause
A reading strategy that stops students in the middle of reading a passage and asks them to think about what they read.
Critical Thinking Skills
Going beyond a basic interpretation of something and understanding that many different viewpoints exist.
Informational Texts
Writing that is trying to give the reader new information about something (e.g. a textbook or research article).
Textual Evidence
Data, quotes, ideas, and assertions within the informational text which is often sourced from other places, and helps a reader to trust the text.
Literary Texts
Works of fiction that engage a reader with quality vocabulary, engaging story lines, and complicated characters.

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