FTCE World Civilization & Timelines Flashcards

FTCE World Civilization & Timelines Flashcards
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the Meiji Emperor
The Japanese emperor (from 1867-1912) who oversaw significant industrialization of the Japanese economy, a shift to capitalism, and the centralization of political power
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Samurai
An educated and elite class of warriors and military nobility in Japan, which flourished under the military leadership of Japanese shoguns starting in the late 12th century
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Shogun
A military ruler of Japan. The first was Minamoto no Yoritomo in the 12th century
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the Fujiwara Clan
A family of immense political power in 9th-12th century Japan through its connections to emperors
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Kublai Khan
Leader of the Mongol Empire in the 13th century who conquered China and developed its trade routes (the Silk Roads)
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Xia Dynasty
Considered the earliest major Asian kingdom, according to Chinese tradition. The Xia dynasty existed around 2200 BCE.
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Qin Shi Huangdi
The ruler responsible for the unification and official formation of Imperial China around 221 BCE, and the commissioner of the Great Wall
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Lao Tzu
A major thinker from ancient China (or a collection of writings ascribed to a person called Lao Tzu), whose writings form the basis of Taoism
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Confucius
A major Chinese thinker from the classical period who wrote that a well-ordered society leads to harmony
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Mandate of Heaven
An important thought in ancient Chinese politics which claimed that rulers led with divine authority, which could be lost through unjust governance.
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The Jeulmun people are considered the oldest culture in Korea, and the _____ are considered the oldest in Japan.
Jomon
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The _____ are one of the oldest cultures we can identify, who lived around 5,000 BCE in China and were likely the first to develop Chinese writing.
Jiahu
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Capitalism
An economic system, widespread during the Industrial Revolution, in which individuals and corporations own the means of production and trade, and the state has limited involvement.
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Imperialism
Efforts by nations to expand their territory by colonizing and/or conquering others; expanding empires through force and dominance
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Neolithic Revolution
A major shift in human development in which humans started to settle, cultivate agriculture, and begin pastoralization. This shift happened roughly 10,000 years ago.
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Big Geography
A global perspective on ancient history that studies where and how people settled around the world, and how those people interacted
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33 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

This set of flashcards is geared to review some of the major concepts covered in the FTCE Elementary Education K-6 chapter on World Civilizations & Historical Timelines. Recognizing the enormous scope of this topic, these flashcards hone in on major figures, ideas, and movements that are considered foundational in the history of world civilizations.

Front
Back
Big Geography
A global perspective on ancient history that studies where and how people settled around the world, and how those people interacted
Neolithic Revolution
A major shift in human development in which humans started to settle, cultivate agriculture, and begin pastoralization. This shift happened roughly 10,000 years ago.
Imperialism
Efforts by nations to expand their territory by colonizing and/or conquering others; expanding empires through force and dominance
Capitalism
An economic system, widespread during the Industrial Revolution, in which individuals and corporations own the means of production and trade, and the state has limited involvement.
The _____ are one of the oldest cultures we can identify, who lived around 5,000 BCE in China and were likely the first to develop Chinese writing.
Jiahu
The Jeulmun people are considered the oldest culture in Korea, and the _____ are considered the oldest in Japan.
Jomon
Mandate of Heaven
An important thought in ancient Chinese politics which claimed that rulers led with divine authority, which could be lost through unjust governance.
Confucius
A major Chinese thinker from the classical period who wrote that a well-ordered society leads to harmony
Lao Tzu
A major thinker from ancient China (or a collection of writings ascribed to a person called Lao Tzu), whose writings form the basis of Taoism
Qin Shi Huangdi
The ruler responsible for the unification and official formation of Imperial China around 221 BCE, and the commissioner of the Great Wall
Xia Dynasty
Considered the earliest major Asian kingdom, according to Chinese tradition. The Xia dynasty existed around 2200 BCE.
Kublai Khan
Leader of the Mongol Empire in the 13th century who conquered China and developed its trade routes (the Silk Roads)
the Fujiwara Clan
A family of immense political power in 9th-12th century Japan through its connections to emperors
Shogun
A military ruler of Japan. The first was Minamoto no Yoritomo in the 12th century
Samurai
An educated and elite class of warriors and military nobility in Japan, which flourished under the military leadership of Japanese shoguns starting in the late 12th century
the Meiji Emperor
The Japanese emperor (from 1867-1912) who oversaw significant industrialization of the Japanese economy, a shift to capitalism, and the centralization of political power
Sun Yat-Sen
The first president to lead China following its 1912 reorganization into a democratic republic
Hirohito
A Japanese emperor whose reign following World War II marked a major shift in the political role of the emperor
Mao Zedong
The leader of the Chinese communist revolution
Plato
A philosopher from Ancient Greece (roughly 428-348 BCE) whose thought is foundational to Western philosophy
Jesus of Nazareth
The central figure of Christianity, who can be found throughout the arts, thought, and movements of 'Western Civilization'. Historical time (e.g. 58 BCE) is measured in reference to his life.
Martin Luther
A monk whose complaints against the Catholic Church in 1517 sparked the Protestant Reformation
Sir Isaac Newton
An English physicist and mathematician who played a central role in the Scientific Revolution. His work includes the Law of Universal Gravitation and the Laws of Motion.
the Enlightenment
The 18th century European movement that urged scientific thought and reason, a decreased influence of the Church, and promoted ideas of liberty that contributed to liberal democracy
Agrarian society
A society that is settled in one region and where the economy is based on farming and agriculture
Nile River Civilization
A civilization that lived along the Nile River in Egypt from roughly 3000-300 BCE, still well-known today for its lasting pyramid structures
Mesopotamian civilization was located around the _____ and _____ rivers.
Tigris and Euphrates Rivers
The Iliad and Odyssey were written by _____ in the 8th century BCE.
Homer
_____, known for the Socratic Method, died in 399 BCE and was written about by his student, Plato.
Socrates
Romulus and Remus founded _____ in 753 BCE.
Rome
Julius Caesar
He won the Roman civil war, declared himself dictator, and ended the Roman Republic in 45 BCE.
the Aqueduct
Structures that provided a municipal water supply through Rome, and a lasting innovation that has influenced future water planning
The Roman Alphabet
The alphabet that originated with the Romans and which continues to be used today

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