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FTCE Writing Process Flashcards

FTCE Writing Process Flashcards
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Narrative Writing
Writing that tells a story and entertains the reader
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Persuasive Writing
Writing that attempts to convince or persuade the reader about a particular subject
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Expository Writing
Writing that is geared to inform the readers about a topic
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Descriptive Writing
Writing that has the goal of making readers experience something with the five senses
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The Publishing Stage
The final stage in writing, when a piece is prepared and polished for final presentation
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The Editing Stage
After revision, the stage when a writer reviews their writing to check for errors in spelling and grammar
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The Revising Stage
The stage between writing and editing, when writers consider altering ideas or rearranging parts of the text
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The Writing Stage
The stage after prewriting, when a writer composes a first draft of their essay or paper
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Prewriting
Writing exercises that help to prepare before writing a first draft, such as outlining or brainstorming
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Stage Seven of Writing Development
Conventional writing stage. Around ages 7-8, this is the final stage in writing development in which children are able to spell correctly and use punctuation.
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Stage Six of Writing Development
Words and phrases stage. Around age 6, when kids learn to use spaces between words- the 'words and phrases' stage
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Stage Five of Writing Development
Early words stage. Around age 5, the stage when kids start putting together letters to form words
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Stage Four of Writing Development
Writing letters stage. Around age 4, the stage when children learn to write letters
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Stage Three of Writing Development
Mock writing stage. Around age 3 or 4, the mock writing stage in which kids understand a difference between writing and coloring, and will try to write made up letters
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Stage Two of Writing Development
Controlled scribbling stage. Around age 3, a stage when children have more control in scribbling and the recognition that how they move a crayon affects what is scribbled on the page
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Stage One of Writing Development
Random scribbling stage. Around age 2 or 3 is the stage of random scribbling with very little control over how kids move their hands or wrists
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33 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

This set of flashcards reviews the major ideas from the FTCE Elementary Education K-6 chapter on 'Understanding & Teaching the Writing Process.' It is designed to help you prepare for the portions of the test related to writing development and instruction. The flashcards review stages of early writing development, steps in the writing process, and strategies for teaching writing in the classroom. The set also reviews methods for brainstorming and options for structuring in-class writing instruction and workshops.

Front
Back
Stage One of Writing Development
Random scribbling stage. Around age 2 or 3 is the stage of random scribbling with very little control over how kids move their hands or wrists
Stage Two of Writing Development
Controlled scribbling stage. Around age 3, a stage when children have more control in scribbling and the recognition that how they move a crayon affects what is scribbled on the page
Stage Three of Writing Development
Mock writing stage. Around age 3 or 4, the mock writing stage in which kids understand a difference between writing and coloring, and will try to write made up letters
Stage Four of Writing Development
Writing letters stage. Around age 4, the stage when children learn to write letters
Stage Five of Writing Development
Early words stage. Around age 5, the stage when kids start putting together letters to form words
Stage Six of Writing Development
Words and phrases stage. Around age 6, when kids learn to use spaces between words- the 'words and phrases' stage
Stage Seven of Writing Development
Conventional writing stage. Around ages 7-8, this is the final stage in writing development in which children are able to spell correctly and use punctuation.
Prewriting
Writing exercises that help to prepare before writing a first draft, such as outlining or brainstorming
The Writing Stage
The stage after prewriting, when a writer composes a first draft of their essay or paper
The Revising Stage
The stage between writing and editing, when writers consider altering ideas or rearranging parts of the text
The Editing Stage
After revision, the stage when a writer reviews their writing to check for errors in spelling and grammar
The Publishing Stage
The final stage in writing, when a piece is prepared and polished for final presentation
Descriptive Writing
Writing that has the goal of making readers experience something with the five senses
Expository Writing
Writing that is geared to inform the readers about a topic
Persuasive Writing
Writing that attempts to convince or persuade the reader about a particular subject
Narrative Writing
Writing that tells a story and entertains the reader
Outlining
A way to organize thoughts that have been brainstormed into a structured blueprint for writing
Drafting
Writing a first version of a paper, which can then be revised and edited
Purpose
The goal of a paper or piece of writing
Audience
The people who will be likely to read a particular piece of writing
The Alphabetic Principle
A student's ability to understand that letters represent sounds in predictable ways
Emergent Readers
Children at the earliest stages of learning to read, who are learning about the relationships between sounds and symbols in short, simple words
Developmental Stages of Spelling
Ways to recognize how students are progressing as they learn about the alphabetic principle. The names for these stages vary between schools and programs.
Purposeful Writing
Writing exercises for students that are useful in everyday life, such as lists or signs
Usage
Conventions of language that make writing readable, such as word order and verb tense
Mechanics
Elements needed in writing, but not in speech. Includes things like: punctuation, correct spelling, and paragraph breaks
Word Wall
A space in a classroom to display words that come up frequently in class or assignments
Modeling
Teaching through demonstration, showing students what the process should look like
Graphic Organizers
A worksheet that allows students to chart their thoughts in an organized way. The organizers can use a variety of graphics, such as bubble charts or Venn diagrams.
Venn Diagram
A graphic organizer that depicts two overlapping circles, useful for brainstorming compare and contrast essays
Touchstone Text
A model book used as an example of a specific skill or writing device
Shared Writing
A strategy to teach writing techniques in which the teacher co-writes a piece with students on a large visible display
Share Time
Opportunities for students to share pieces of their work, especially following independent writing time in class

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