Functions of Management Flashcards

Functions of Management Flashcards
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PDCA
This process is at the heart of the Deming Cycle that utilizes the following phases: Plan, Do, Check, and Act.
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Decision identification
This is the first step of the decision-making process that is centered on realizing that a decision needs to be made.
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Implement choice
This is the sixth step of the decision-making process that involves making a decision.
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Collect relevant information
This is the second step in the decision-making process that involves researching and gathering information to make an informed decision.
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Staffing
This is the occasional fifth function of managers that involves evaluating, recruiting, selecting, training, and placing appropriate individuals into defined job roles.
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Organizing
This second step in the management process involves the manager determining how they will distribute resources and organize their employees according to the plan.
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Analyze and weigh alternatives
This fourth step of the decision-making process involves considering the other identified options.
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A leader
This type of person is focused on achieving organizational goals and their power is awarded. Leaders are inspirational; employees voluntarily follow them.
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Divide and conquer
A problem solving method that breaks the problem down into several steps to reach the solution.
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Deming cycle
This problem solving model is a 4-step repetitive process used to continuously improve a process.
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Review and assessment
This is the final step of the decision making process that involves evaluating the decision made to see if it was beneficial.
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Identify alternatives
This step of the decision making process is where a person uses research to determine different options.
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Controlling
This is the final function of management that involves evaluating the results against the goals.
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Planning
This is the first function of management that involves creating a detailed action plan aimed at some organizational goal.
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The four functions of management
These functions involve planning, organizing, leading and controlling. They are standard across all industries.
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Flashcard Content Overview

One thing is for certain: a manager's job is no easy task. Managers are charged with a number of duties that are vital to a company's success. These flashcards will cover the four primary functions of management and reveal how managers can utilize different decision-making processes to further the impact and life of their company. You'll also learn how the structure of a company can complement a manager's role and their relationship with other employees.

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The four functions of management
These functions involve planning, organizing, leading and controlling. They are standard across all industries.
Planning
This is the first function of management that involves creating a detailed action plan aimed at some organizational goal.
Controlling
This is the final function of management that involves evaluating the results against the goals.
Identify alternatives
This step of the decision making process is where a person uses research to determine different options.
Review and assessment
This is the final step of the decision making process that involves evaluating the decision made to see if it was beneficial.
Deming cycle
This problem solving model is a 4-step repetitive process used to continuously improve a process.
Divide and conquer
A problem solving method that breaks the problem down into several steps to reach the solution.
A leader
This type of person is focused on achieving organizational goals and their power is awarded. Leaders are inspirational; employees voluntarily follow them.
Analyze and weigh alternatives
This fourth step of the decision-making process involves considering the other identified options.
Organizing
This second step in the management process involves the manager determining how they will distribute resources and organize their employees according to the plan.
Staffing
This is the occasional fifth function of managers that involves evaluating, recruiting, selecting, training, and placing appropriate individuals into defined job roles.
Collect relevant information
This is the second step in the decision-making process that involves researching and gathering information to make an informed decision.
Implement choice
This is the sixth step of the decision-making process that involves making a decision.
Decision identification
This is the first step of the decision-making process that is centered on realizing that a decision needs to be made.
PDCA
This process is at the heart of the Deming Cycle that utilizes the following phases: Plan, Do, Check, and Act.
Organizational goal
This type of goal involves anything that could better a company's product or processes. For example, expediting the shipping process or introducing a new product to the market.
Leading
This third function of management is centered on connecting with employees on an interpersonal level. For example, communicating, motivating and inspiring.
Organizational size
This is a factor that affects the relationship between organizational design and structure. For example, fewer employees create fewer management levels.
Environment
This factor affects the relationship between organizational design and structure through political, economic, sociocultural and competitive forces. Example: new government safety codes.
Organizational chart
This is diagram of an organization's structure. A vertical line will typically be used to show the superior-subordinate relationship between each level.
Chain of command
This is an order through which authority is shared from top to bottom. Through this, employees know who is authorized to make certain decisions.
Fixed work
This type of work never changes, does not require tight management, and allows for twenty employees to be managed by one manager.
Variable work
This type of work varies from day to day and requires a lot of managements' attention. The type of tasks can be ever-changing and one manager oversees a smaller number of employees.
Divisional design structure
This structure gives larger companies the capacity to separate large sections of the business into semi-autonomous units or divisions. For example, designers working on one product line.
Functional organizational design
This focuses on practical specialization, whereby similar occupational specialties are grouped together. For example, having a separate marketing and research department.
Matrix design
This organizational structure maximizes the use of cross-functional teams. For example, using employees from different departments for various projects.
Team design
This type of design groups employees from various functional areas for the purpose of solving problems and exploring possibilities. For example, forming a task force.
Network design
This design structure, known as a lean structure, keeps the core functions of the business internal, but outsources non-core functions to other companies.
Organizational design
The process where managers assess the tasks, functions and goals. The best organizational structure is rarely chosen first, rather through strategic evaluation and reevaluation of tasks.
Organizational life cycle
This is the five stages of an organization's life: introduction, growth, maturity, decline and death. Each stage affects the organizational design and culture.

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