Gestalt Psychology Flashcards

Gestalt Psychology Flashcards
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Wolfgang Kohler

This psychologist studied apes and his experiments led him to come up with the theory of insight learning, which focuses on how learning uses cognition.

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Harry Helson

This psychologist was primarily interested in Adaptation-level theory in Gestalt psychology. He developed an interest in photography once he graduated from school.

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Harlow Monkey Experiment: Outcomes

These led to reforms for animal testing. It also showed that the need for love and comfort is not just physical and that fearful or aggressive behavior results from a lack of socialization.

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Harlow Monkey Experiment

An experiment designed to study the development of infant monkeys removed from their mothers.

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Anais Nin

This French author referred to the theories of Gestalt philosophy when she wrote: 'We do not see the world as it is; we see it as we are.'

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Gestalt Psychology: Laws of Perceptual Organization

Apparent motion

Closure

Proximity

Similarity

Simplicity

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Gestalt Psychology

This branch of psychology argues that everything can be seen in its simplest form and that, based on what we expect to perceive, we will change our interpretation of what we view.

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15 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

You can utilize these flashcards in order to review the work of the following Gestalt psychologists:

  • Max Wertheimer
  • Wolfgang Kohler
  • Harry Helson

You'll also be able to review the Harlow monkey experiments and the three-stage theory of change. Important concepts connected to Gestalt psychology are also addressed by these cards, including:

  • The Law of Prägnanz
  • The Zeigarnik Effect
  • Perceptual Grouping
  • Phi Phenomenon
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Gestalt Psychology

This branch of psychology argues that everything can be seen in its simplest form and that, based on what we expect to perceive, we will change our interpretation of what we view.

Gestalt Psychology: Laws of Perceptual Organization

Apparent motion

Closure

Proximity

Similarity

Simplicity

Anais Nin

This French author referred to the theories of Gestalt philosophy when she wrote: 'We do not see the world as it is; we see it as we are.'

Harlow Monkey Experiment

An experiment designed to study the development of infant monkeys removed from their mothers.

Harlow Monkey Experiment: Outcomes

These led to reforms for animal testing. It also showed that the need for love and comfort is not just physical and that fearful or aggressive behavior results from a lack of socialization.

Harry Helson

This psychologist was primarily interested in Adaptation-level theory in Gestalt psychology. He developed an interest in photography once he graduated from school.

Wolfgang Kohler

This psychologist studied apes and his experiments led him to come up with the theory of insight learning, which focuses on how learning uses cognition.

Three-Stage Theory of Change: Freezing

The final part of the three-stage theory of change. At this stage, people are committed to long term change and their adjustments achieve a state of permanency.

Three-Stage Theory of Change: Change

The second part of the three-stage theory of change. Individuals in this stage adjust in order to bring about a successful change.

Three-Stage Theory of Change: Un-Freezing

The first part of the three-stage theory of change. This stage involves preparing for change, where people look at the pros and cons of a potential change.

Perceptual Grouping

This Gestalt theory concept states that individual units of perception are formed from organized groups of visual elements.

Max Wertheimer

This German psychologist discovered the phi phenomenon. He also researched perception and sensation.

Phi Phenomenon

This refers to an optical illusion that allows us to perceive still images as though they are moving if they are rapidly changing.

The Law of Prägnanz

This law was described by Wolfgang Kohler. It states that we can fill in an image that is incomplete in order to tell what it's supposed to be.

The Zeigarnik Effect

This reflects the fact that individuals who study with breaks are more likely to retain information than individuals who work without stopping.

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