Gothic Architecture Terms Flashcards

Gothic Architecture Terms Flashcards
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Name this part of Gothic Architecture:
Fan Vaults
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Name this part of Gothic Architecture:
Flying Buttresses
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Characteristics of Lighting in Gothic Cathedrals
Light and airy: open rooms with high ceilings made of rib vaults, flooded with natural light through huge stained glass windows.
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Name this part of Gothic Architecture:
Stained Glass Windows
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Flying Buttress
Supports for the stress points in the columns
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Fan Vaulting
An English rib vaulting style
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Benefit of Ribbed Vaults
Their strength could support building materials that are light, and allow the spaces between the columns to be open.
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Ribbed Vault
A structure formed by 2-3 intersecting pointed arches supported by diagonal support beams.
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Benefit of Pointed Arches
They could be built taller and did not need large supporting walls.
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Stress Lines
The lines that point to the part of the structure that is receiving the stress of the weight that an arch is supporting.
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Pointed Arch
A Gothic arch that comes to a point.
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Origin of the name 'Gothic' in Gothic architecture
The style's critics named it after the Visi-Goths, who sacked Rome during the Roman empire's downfall and who were seen as uncivilized barbarians.
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Architectural style that pre-dated Gothic architecture
The Romanesque style, which was considered sophisticated because it was based on the style of the Romans.
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The First Gothic Cathedral
The Abbey Church of St. Denis, built by Abbot Suger in 1137 CE.
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29 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

After centuries of dark Romanesque cathedrals, a new architectural structure made Gothic architecture possible. Ceiling could tower overhead. Walls could be thin, and support massive stained glass windows. The dark cramped interiors gave way to open, bright spaces that seemed to form a space for the Christian God, and inspired awe. Learn about the structures of Gothic architecture that made this new style possible in this flashcard set.

Front
Back
The First Gothic Cathedral
The Abbey Church of St. Denis, built by Abbot Suger in 1137 CE.
Architectural style that pre-dated Gothic architecture
The Romanesque style, which was considered sophisticated because it was based on the style of the Romans.
Origin of the name 'Gothic' in Gothic architecture
The style's critics named it after the Visi-Goths, who sacked Rome during the Roman empire's downfall and who were seen as uncivilized barbarians.
Pointed Arch
A Gothic arch that comes to a point.
Stress Lines
The lines that point to the part of the structure that is receiving the stress of the weight that an arch is supporting.
Benefit of Pointed Arches
They could be built taller and did not need large supporting walls.
Ribbed Vault
A structure formed by 2-3 intersecting pointed arches supported by diagonal support beams.
Benefit of Ribbed Vaults
Their strength could support building materials that are light, and allow the spaces between the columns to be open.
Fan Vaulting
An English rib vaulting style
Flying Buttress
Supports for the stress points in the columns
Name this part of Gothic Architecture:
Stained Glass Windows
Characteristics of Lighting in Gothic Cathedrals
Light and airy: open rooms with high ceilings made of rib vaults, flooded with natural light through huge stained glass windows.
Name this part of Gothic Architecture:
Flying Buttresses
Name this part of Gothic Architecture:
Fan Vaults
Name this part of Gothic Architecture:
Pointed Arch
Name this part of Gothic Architecture:
Ribbed Vaulting
Name this part of Gothic Architecture:
Pointed Arch
Name this part of Gothic Architecture:
Ribbed Vault
Name this part of Gothic Architecture:
Fanned Vaulting
Name this part of Gothic Architecture:
Flying Buttresses
The Apse
The half circle part of the cathedral that the pews face, located on the opposite side of the nave from the narthex.
The Nave
The central rectangle of the cathedral that contains the aisles.
The Narthex
A congregational area, located between the doors and the nave of a cathedral.
The Transept
The cross bar of the cross shape of Gothic cathedrals; private chapels often occupied either end.
Steeples
The tall and pointed top of the towers in a cathedral.
Rose Windows
Very large circular windows in Gothic cathedrals.
Stained Glass Windows
Windows that created beautiful designs through the use of colored glass and metal, often multiple stories high in Gothic cathedrals.
Gothic Cathedral Sculptures
The sculptures decorating the pillars and walls, which were symmetrical and aimed for realism.
The Tympanum
The sculpted arch over the doorway of a cathedral featuring a deeply cut relief.

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