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Greek Architecture Terms Flashcards

Greek Architecture Terms Flashcards
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Frieze
Horizontal decorations that are located on the top of the structure
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Triglyph
The beams behind the frieze that supports the roof.
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Metopes
Decorated stone slabs that fit in between triglyphs.
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Entablature
Horizontal moldings and bands that supports the columns resting on their capitals.
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Pediment
Triangular end of the roof.
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Corinthian Order
Classical architecture that features thin and fluted columns and decorated capitals.
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Ionic Order
Classical architecture that features slim columns and distinctive volutes on the capital.
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Doric Order
The first style of classical architecture that features columns that are tapered with flutes and topped with a capital
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The similarities between Doric, Ionic and Corinthian orders.
Doric, Ionic and Corinthian orders all share the same fluted column or drum.
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Three different orders of Greek columns.
Doric, Ionic and Corinthian
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21 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

Greek architecture has provided the world with some of the most beautiful and unique structures in history. The ancient world has provided structures such as stadiums, temples and theaters that have become tourist attractions in today's modern world. Greek architecture extends from 900 B.C.E to the first century C.E. There are three orders of classical architecture-Doric, Ionic and Corinthian. These orders have influence Roman architecture in many ways as they adopted many Greek elements into their own structures.

The most famous type of Greek architecture is the temple. Temples were first built utilizing materials such as mud and wood, which created temporary structures that did not last long. As time progressed more permanent materials such as stone was used. The use of more permanent materials allowed for the creation of some of the famous structures that still exist today.

It is safe to say that Greek architecture has provided many of the standard features that are still used today.

Front
Back
Three different orders of Greek columns.
Doric, Ionic and Corinthian
The similarities between Doric, Ionic and Corinthian orders.
Doric, Ionic and Corinthian orders all share the same fluted column or drum.
Doric Order
The first style of classical architecture that features columns that are tapered with flutes and topped with a capital
Ionic Order
Classical architecture that features slim columns and distinctive volutes on the capital.
Corinthian Order
Classical architecture that features thin and fluted columns and decorated capitals.
Pediment
Triangular end of the roof.
Entablature
Horizontal moldings and bands that supports the columns resting on their capitals.
Metopes
Decorated stone slabs that fit in between triglyphs.
Triglyph
The beams behind the frieze that supports the roof.
Frieze
Horizontal decorations that are located on the top of the structure
Entasis
A small curve in the stem of the column
The most famous Greek temple.
Parthenon, it is located in Athens, Greece.
Identify the order.
The Jefferson Memorial features Ionic order columns.
Identify the order.
Doric Order
Identify the order
Corinthian order
Identify the order.
Ionic Order
Greek Temple
Tholos of Delphi is an ancient temple located in Greece that features Doric columns supported by a frieze, with triglyphs and metopes.
Identify the feature.
Triglyph, they are the beams behind the frieze that supports the roof.
A mix of a certain style of column with or without a base.
Order
A long row of columns that are backed by a plain wall and has a roof.
Stoa
Colosseum
The Colosseum, located in Rome, features half columns of Doric, Ionic and Corinthian orders.

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