Group Psychology Flashcards

Group Psychology Flashcards
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Serge Moscovici
A social psychologist who argued for the influence of the minority in group psychology
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Norms
Something considered to be normal or typical by a certain group of people, like an unspoken rule, such as leaving a server at a restaurant a tip
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Confederate
A member of Stanley Milgram's research team who acted to deceive the people participating in the experiment
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Ethical fallout from the Stanford prison experiment
The participants in the experiment suffered psychological damage as a result of the events during the study
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Zimbardo's studies
This researcher's studies focused on the social roles taken on by subjects, who were either told to behave as prisoners or as guards, and the behaviors they exhibited while taking on those roles
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Philip Zimbardo
The professor responsible for the creation of the Stanford prison experiment
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Solomon Asch
An American psychologist who studied conformity and believed that people's behavior was based on their perception of the world, not the actual world
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Social facilitation
This refers to how other people being present while you're completing a task can affect your performance. It can be positive or negative.
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Laissez-faire decision making and leadership
A method to allow a group to make its own decisions without the direct input of leadership
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Stanley Milgram
A psychologist who studied the means by which people interacted with and obeyed individuals in authority
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Injunctive norms
Also known as moral norms, these are norms based on what 'ought to be,' or what is perceived to be right.
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Maintaining consistency in messages as a tool of influence
According to Moscovici, this is the most effective technique that a minority can use to influence a majority
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25 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

Once you begin working on these group psychology flashcards, you'll find vocabulary terms that include laissez-faire decision making, confederates, and norms. You will also come across important figures in the study of group psychology, including Philip Zimbardo and Solomon Asch.

Front
Back
Maintaining consistency in messages as a tool of influence
According to Moscovici, this is the most effective technique that a minority can use to influence a majority
Injunctive norms
Also known as moral norms, these are norms based on what 'ought to be,' or what is perceived to be right.
Stanley Milgram
A psychologist who studied the means by which people interacted with and obeyed individuals in authority
Laissez-faire decision making and leadership
A method to allow a group to make its own decisions without the direct input of leadership
Social facilitation
This refers to how other people being present while you're completing a task can affect your performance. It can be positive or negative.
Solomon Asch
An American psychologist who studied conformity and believed that people's behavior was based on their perception of the world, not the actual world
Philip Zimbardo
The professor responsible for the creation of the Stanford prison experiment
Zimbardo's studies
This researcher's studies focused on the social roles taken on by subjects, who were either told to behave as prisoners or as guards, and the behaviors they exhibited while taking on those roles
Ethical fallout from the Stanford prison experiment
The participants in the experiment suffered psychological damage as a result of the events during the study
Confederate
A member of Stanley Milgram's research team who acted to deceive the people participating in the experiment
Norms
Something considered to be normal or typical by a certain group of people, like an unspoken rule, such as leaving a server at a restaurant a tip
Serge Moscovici
A social psychologist who argued for the influence of the minority in group psychology
Idiosyncrasy credits
An individual can accrue these by going with group norms, thus allowing them to go against the grain on occasion without suffering any repercussion
Social learning theory
The idea that behavior is learned through the imitation and observation of others
Groupthink
This happens when a group makes faulty decisions simply because of the need to reach a general agreement
Earning idiosyncrasy credits
These can be earned through conformity or competence
Normative group influence
This occurs when people join a group because of a desire for belonging or acceptance
Informational influence
This happens when people join a group because they think it is the right thing to do, and they also desire to be right
Consistency and flexibility
Many social psychologists believe these two concepts are among the most important to a minority getting their voices heard
Social loafing
A tendency for people who are in a group to not try as hard to achieve a goal compared to if they were working alone
The payoff in the prisoner's dilemma
In the given scenario, the payoff is the amount of time spent inside prison.
The effect on your reputation from going to a club
This could be a question you might ask yourself as part of a group of norms
Majority versus minority
This occurs when a group makes a decision based only on what most individuals in the group want and dismisses other possible options
Example of established norm at a concert
Standing up to applaud and clapping at the end of a song
Characteristics of groupthink

Outspoken leader

High cohesion

No rules for decision making

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