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Health & Aging Populations Flashcards

Health & Aging Populations Flashcards
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Late Adulthood
A period of life that occurs from the age of 65 onward. Individuals in this stage of life may experience difficulties with sexual intimacy and their appetites. They may not eat enough nutrients.
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Factors that can lead to lower sexual activity in older people

Decreases in lung capacity

Issues with erectile dysfunction

Lowered production of natural lubrication

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Factors that can lead to older people eating less

Smaller budgets

Tastes changing

Tooth loss

Smaller appetite

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Aging and the Immune System
As people age, this bodily system slows down, becoming less effective. This can lead to illnesses that last longer or wounds that take more time to heal.
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Alzheimer's Disease
This disease is associated with secondary aging. It is degenerative and impacts a person's mental facilities. In this disease, proteins build up and damage the brain.
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Preventative Health Care
A health care process that can ameliorate the effects of secondary aging. It can involve regular visits to a doctor and addressing lifestyle choices that negatively impact health, like smoking.
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Secondary Aging
An aging process caused by diseases and environmental influences. Alzheimer's disease, cancer and activities like unhealthy eating habits contribute to this kind of aging.
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Primary Aging
We use this term to refer to the natural process of aging. It is characterized by certain expected changes in body systems, including our bones and muscles.
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Fluid Intelligence
This kind of intelligence relates to how well a person thinks laterally. It also involves learning about new or different things, like technology. It declines with age.
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18 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

The flashcards in this set were designed to cover primary and secondary aging. You'll also be able to focus on preventative health care and the impacts of aging on the immune system. You can find cards that deal with changes to appetite and sexual activity associated with aging. These cards also cover longevity in people. Some theories of aging, including the rate-of-living theory, the programmed-cell-death theory and damage/error theories will be reviewed by this set.

Front
Back
Fluid Intelligence
This kind of intelligence relates to how well a person thinks laterally. It also involves learning about new or different things, like technology. It declines with age.
Primary Aging
We use this term to refer to the natural process of aging. It is characterized by certain expected changes in body systems, including our bones and muscles.
Secondary Aging
An aging process caused by diseases and environmental influences. Alzheimer's disease, cancer and activities like unhealthy eating habits contribute to this kind of aging.
Preventative Health Care
A health care process that can ameliorate the effects of secondary aging. It can involve regular visits to a doctor and addressing lifestyle choices that negatively impact health, like smoking.
Alzheimer's Disease
This disease is associated with secondary aging. It is degenerative and impacts a person's mental facilities. In this disease, proteins build up and damage the brain.
Aging and the Immune System
As people age, this bodily system slows down, becoming less effective. This can lead to illnesses that last longer or wounds that take more time to heal.
Factors that can lead to older people eating less

Smaller budgets

Tastes changing

Tooth loss

Smaller appetite

Factors that can lead to lower sexual activity in older people

Decreases in lung capacity

Issues with erectile dysfunction

Lowered production of natural lubrication

Late Adulthood
A period of life that occurs from the age of 65 onward. Individuals in this stage of life may experience difficulties with sexual intimacy and their appetites. They may not eat enough nutrients.
Factors used to estimate an individual's longevity

Environmental factors

Gender

Genes

Longevity
This term is used when discussing how long a person lives.
Damage/Error Theories
These theories on aging look at the factors that can lead to cellular death, including cell damage and errors in DNA or mitochondria.
Wear and Tear Theory
According to this theory, our cells break down through the natural processes of use.
Senescence
This refers to a cell death caused by age. It's predictable and results from cells reaching a natural age limit, leading to death.
Rate-of-Living Theory
A theory on aging that asserted that organisms that lived at a faster rate, and had a higher metabolic rate, ended up with lifespans that were shorter.
Programmed-Cell-Death / Apoptosis
A process that occurs when cells destroy themselves after they're not needed anymore. You can see this process as fetuses develop.
Free Radicals Theory
This theory states that aging is caused by proteins that are formed incorrectly and that are very reactive. These proteins cause damage to your body, like cancer.
Genetic factors related to longevity
These factors are governed by an individual's genes and can impact our lifespan. For example, individuals with certain genes may live a long life despite smoking or drinking too much.

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