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Heart, Lung & Endocrine System Health Flashcards

Heart, Lung & Endocrine System Health Flashcards
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Regurgitation
A valvular heart disease that occurs if your blood flows back the wrong way in your heart.
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ACE Inhibitors
These are drugs that can be taken to lower a patient's blood pressure.
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Heart Bypass Surgery
Doctors perform this medical procedure by taking a blood vessel from one part of a patient's body and moving it to allow blood to flow around a blocked artery.
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Angioplasty
A medical procedure that involves inserting a tube with a balloon on the end into a blood vessel. Expanding the balloon then opens up blocked arteries.
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Electrocardiogram (ECG)
This medical procedure records the electrical activity of a patient's heart to help doctors identify heart problems.
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Angiography
Doctors use this procedure to visualize blood vessels. Doctors first inject dye into the blood and then use x-rays to view it.
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CT Scan
This procedure involves taking a lot of x-ray images of people and then using these images to create a 3D image of a part of their body, such as their heart.
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Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
A procedure that can be used by medical professionals to get a look inside a person's body by using a magnetic field.
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Hyperparathyroidism
Individuals with this issue produce more parathyroid hormone than they should. This removes calcium from their bones and can lead to osteoporosis or fractures.
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Hypothyroidism
This endocrine disease occurs if an individual doesn't produce enough thyroid hormones. These individuals generally have low energy and feel very fatigued.
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Cushing's Syndrome
A syndrome characterized by high amounts of cortisol. It may occur naturally or from taking large amounts of corticosteroids. Its symptoms are the opposite of those caused by Addison's disease.
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Controllable risk factors associated with heart disease

Alcohol use

Smoking

Obesity

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Uncontrollable risk factors associated with heart disease

Being over 65

A history of heart disease in your family

Gender, its more common in men

American Indians, Mexican Americans and African Americans are more likely to have this disease

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Cardiovascular Disease
We use this term to refer to any problem that involves the circulatory system and heart. It occurs more in the elderly due to the buildup of plaque and circulatory system weakness from age.
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28 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

This set of flashcards can be used as a tool to help you review the risk factors that can lead to cardiovascular disease. You can also consider the methods used to diagnose cardiovascular disease, including CT scans, ECGs and angiography. Treatment options for this kind of disease, such as angioplasty and heart bypass surgery, will also be covered. Other heart issues, including angina, atherosclerosis, congestive heart failure and blood clots will also be discussed. These flashcards focus on infectious respiratory disease along with restrictive and obstructive lung disease. Furthermore, you'll have the chance to consider Cushing's syndrome, hyperparathyroidism and hypothyroidism.

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Cardiovascular Disease
We use this term to refer to any problem that involves the circulatory system and heart. It occurs more in the elderly due to the buildup of plaque and circulatory system weakness from age.
Uncontrollable risk factors associated with heart disease

Being over 65

A history of heart disease in your family

Gender, its more common in men

American Indians, Mexican Americans and African Americans are more likely to have this disease

Controllable risk factors associated with heart disease

Alcohol use

Smoking

Obesity

Cushing's Syndrome
A syndrome characterized by high amounts of cortisol. It may occur naturally or from taking large amounts of corticosteroids. Its symptoms are the opposite of those caused by Addison's disease.
Hypothyroidism
This endocrine disease occurs if an individual doesn't produce enough thyroid hormones. These individuals generally have low energy and feel very fatigued.
Hyperparathyroidism
Individuals with this issue produce more parathyroid hormone than they should. This removes calcium from their bones and can lead to osteoporosis or fractures.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
A procedure that can be used by medical professionals to get a look inside a person's body by using a magnetic field.
CT Scan
This procedure involves taking a lot of x-ray images of people and then using these images to create a 3D image of a part of their body, such as their heart.
Angiography
Doctors use this procedure to visualize blood vessels. Doctors first inject dye into the blood and then use x-rays to view it.
Electrocardiogram (ECG)
This medical procedure records the electrical activity of a patient's heart to help doctors identify heart problems.
Angioplasty
A medical procedure that involves inserting a tube with a balloon on the end into a blood vessel. Expanding the balloon then opens up blocked arteries.
Heart Bypass Surgery
Doctors perform this medical procedure by taking a blood vessel from one part of a patient's body and moving it to allow blood to flow around a blocked artery.
ACE Inhibitors
These are drugs that can be taken to lower a patient's blood pressure.
Regurgitation
A valvular heart disease that occurs if your blood flows back the wrong way in your heart.
Septal Defects
Doctors use this term when referring to holes found where they shouldn't be in the walls of a patient's heart.
Hypertension
A cardiovascular disease that causes damage to blood vessels due to high blood pressure levels. This damage makes it harder for your heart to circulate your blood.
Deep Vein Thrombosis
We use this term to refer to the formation of a blood clot in a patient's leg. If this clot dislodges it can travel to the lungs where it can lead to a pulmonary embolism.
Restrictive Lung Disease
Individuals with these diseases have trouble breathing because their lung don't expand properly. This can be caused by weak respiratory muscles, lung stiffness or abnormalities in the chest wall.
Obstructive Lung Disease
A respiratory disease that is characterized by difficulties exhaling air from the lungs, leading to shortness of breath. Examples can include emphysema and asthma.
Infectious Respiratory Diseases
These are respiratory diseases caused by viruses or bacteria. Tuberculosis, colds, influenza and pneumonia are all examples of this kind of disease.
Human Circulatory System Components

Blood and blood vessels

Heart

Pulmonary circuit

Systemic circuit

Pulmonary Circuit
This part of the circulatory system includes the blood vessels that move blood to the lungs so that it may be oxygenated.
Systemic Circuit
The section of the circulatory system that takes blood to the different cells in our bodies. It carries nutrients and oxygen and carries away waste from the cells.
Factors that can lead to blood clots

Recent surgery

Inflammation

Low levels of movement

Limited blood circulation

Atherosclerosis
A heart condition that occurs when plaque buildup causes an individual's arteries to narrow and harden.
Angina
This type of chest pain occurs when your heart doesn't get enough blood flow. It can be a result of coronary heart disease.
Heart Attack / Myocardial Infarction
This happens when blood flow to an individual's heart is stopped, leading to damage to the cells of the heart.
Congestive Heart Failure
A condition characterized by an inability of the heart to pump an amount of blood that will fulfill the needs of a patient's body. This usually gets worse with time.

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