History of Education in America Flashcards

History of Education in America Flashcards
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National Defense Education Act (NDEA)

This act came about as the result of America's involvement in the space race and America's focus on the future of math and science education.

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Law of 1642

This was the first American law that made it a requirement for children to be educated by their parents or guardians. It included rules for learning about words and numbers.

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Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)

An act that protects the rights of students who have disabilities. The 14th Amendment laid the foundation for this.

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Pre-20th Century Education in America: Structure

Classes for grades K-8 were taught in one school before the start of the 20th century.

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State Standardized Testing

These tests are administered to measure knowledge and ability in reading, math and science.

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Assessment

Teachers use this to measure what knowledge and skills students have.

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The Freedmen's Bureau

This was created after the Civil War to help slaves move into freedom, to encourage equal treatment of African Americans and to set up schools for slaves that were set free.

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Booker T. Washington

This black educator helped to provide an education to rural African American students by working with Rosenwald schools.

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Jim Crow Laws

Jim Crow laws placed black and white children in separate schools, and prolonged segregation in the South after the Civil War.

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Political Activists in the Progressive Era

This group worked on helping others with consumer rights, voting rights and educational rights.

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14th Amendment

This provides that all U.S. citizens should be shielded from discriminatory treatment.

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STEM Education

This focuses on teaching students about science, technology, engineering and math. The federal government first began funding this education in the 1950s.

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Law of 1647 / The Deluder Satan Act

The first law to require local areas to educate children if the community grew to a certain size. Towns with more than fifty families had to offer primary education.

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Education in Colonial America: Dame Schools

Middle-class children attended these schools in Colonial America. They were similar to day care centers and children learned math and English.

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The Puritans

A group that supported the first laws for education. They expected parents to teach their children and first put forth the idea that education led to better citizens.

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The Quakers

A religious group that was a big supporter of education in public schools. This group didn't expect children to be educated by their parents.

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14th Amendment: Impact on Education

This amendment provided that education should be made available to all races in a nondiscriminatory fashion.

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34 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

This flashcard set covers topics from the first teacher training schools to the 14th Amendment and how it helped to shape educational rights for American citizens. The cards will also cover religious groups that started the first schools at the beginning of education, like the Puritans and the Quakers, and the laws that made it mandatory for children to be educated, as well as the changes that were made when school segregation came to an end.

Front
Back
14th Amendment: Impact on Education

This amendment provided that education should be made available to all races in a nondiscriminatory fashion.

The Quakers

A religious group that was a big supporter of education in public schools. This group didn't expect children to be educated by their parents.

The Puritans

A group that supported the first laws for education. They expected parents to teach their children and first put forth the idea that education led to better citizens.

Education in Colonial America: Dame Schools

Middle-class children attended these schools in Colonial America. They were similar to day care centers and children learned math and English.

Law of 1647 / The Deluder Satan Act

The first law to require local areas to educate children if the community grew to a certain size. Towns with more than fifty families had to offer primary education.

STEM Education

This focuses on teaching students about science, technology, engineering and math. The federal government first began funding this education in the 1950s.

14th Amendment

This provides that all U.S. citizens should be shielded from discriminatory treatment.

Political Activists in the Progressive Era

This group worked on helping others with consumer rights, voting rights and educational rights.

Jim Crow Laws

Jim Crow laws placed black and white children in separate schools, and prolonged segregation in the South after the Civil War.

Booker T. Washington

This black educator helped to provide an education to rural African American students by working with Rosenwald schools.

The Freedmen's Bureau

This was created after the Civil War to help slaves move into freedom, to encourage equal treatment of African Americans and to set up schools for slaves that were set free.

Assessment

Teachers use this to measure what knowledge and skills students have.

State Standardized Testing

These tests are administered to measure knowledge and ability in reading, math and science.

Pre-20th Century Education in America: Structure

Classes for grades K-8 were taught in one school before the start of the 20th century.

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)

An act that protects the rights of students who have disabilities. The 14th Amendment laid the foundation for this.

Law of 1642

This was the first American law that made it a requirement for children to be educated by their parents or guardians. It included rules for learning about words and numbers.

National Defense Education Act (NDEA)

This act came about as the result of America's involvement in the space race and America's focus on the future of math and science education.

Middle Schools in America

These schools generally teach students from grade 5 or 6 to grade 8. They were divided from other schools to get younger students ready for high school.

Pre-19th Century Education in America: Teacher Qualifications

These individuals met the minimum standards to teach if they knew how to read and write.

Rosenwald Schools

These schools were created because of segregation in schools after the Civil War. They provided an education to African American students.

Normal Schools

Institutions that offered teacher training programs to primary school teachers in America in the 19th century. They helped with the shortage of trained teachers.

Education in Colonial America: Tutoring

During this period of time, this type of education was offered to children of upper-class parents, like plantation owners. These students worked directly with a teacher or in a small group.

Education in Colonial America: Apprenticeship

This type of education involved getting on-the-job training for a specific trade. It was often offered to poor children in America's Colonial time period.

Brown v. Board of Education

A court case decided by the Supreme Court that declared that the segregation of schools was a violation of the 14th Amendment.

Reconstruction Era

The time period following the Civil War in the U.S. when laws were put into effect to help freed slaves. Agencies like the Freedmen's Bureau were also set up in this time period.

Progressive Era

A time period that began in the late part of the 19th century. It saw a lot of social activism. High school became normal in this period of time as a way to provide life education.

Urban Education

This kind of inclusive education first became widely offered in the Progressive Era as people focused on social reforms. It involved educating immigrants, minorities and those in the lower class.

Plyler v. Doe

A court case decided by the Supreme Court that ruled that children born to undocumented immigrants also have the right to go to public school without any charge.

Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs)

These educational institutions were connected with the Freedmen's Bureau. They provided black Americans with advanced education. Howard University is an example.

University of Maryland v. Murray

This court case ended when the Supreme Court of Maryland told a law school that it had to enroll a black student.

Cumming v. Richmond County Board of Education

A court case where the Supreme Court ruled that states were allowed to tax people regardless of race, even if schooling was only given to white students.

Plessy v. Ferguson

A court case that supported the use of segregation in the state of Louisiana.

Berea College v. Kentucky

The Supreme Court decided that states could force colleges to practice segregation, even in cases where the college wanted to desegregate.

Space Race

The U.S. and Russia entered into this competition to see who could dominate space through exploration. It was prompted by Sputnik's launch.

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