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History of Psychology Flashcards

History of Psychology Flashcards
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The scientific method
A science-based research and study technique that involves formulating a hypothesis, or a scientific theory, and testing that hypothesis with experimentation and evidence
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Clinical psychology
The psychological discipline concerned with direct interaction with patients in a healthcare setting, including both counseling and psychiatric treatment
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Developmental psychology
A subfield of psychology that explores the way humans change and grow in different stages of life from birth to death
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Social psychology
A branch of psychology that explores the way society and mass culture can influence the way people behave as individuals
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Humanistic psychology
An approach to psychology that looks at that concept of self actualization and the ways people have potential to be their best
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Cognitive psychology
A branch of psychology that embraces the concept of free will and focuses on the way people can learn to change their behavior and solve problems in a rational way
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Jean Piaget
A cognitive psychologist who believed that internal factors such as emotions and past experiences influence the way people act
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Biological psychology
A field of psychology that studies the physical aspects of the nervous system, such as the brain and the nerves, and their on impact moods and behavior
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Scientific study of psychology
A research-based way of thinking about human behavior that seeks to conduct deep analysis on what really motivates the way people think, act and feel
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Behavioral approach
A psychological approach used to describe human behavior as strongly influenced by external factors and to question the existence of free will
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Sigmund Freud
A famous early psychologist and supporter of the psychodynamic approach whose theories about sex and human motivation have caused controversy
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Psychology
A scientific discipline that concerns itself with the study of human thought, behavior and emotion.
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Flashcard Content Overview

Use this flashcard set to reinforce concepts related to the history of psychology as a scientific discipline. You'll learn who Sigmund Freud is, what makes social psychology different from cognitive psychology, and important concepts related to research, including the scientific method. Focusing on concepts and names rather than dates, these flashcards will help you gain a deeper understanding of the foundations of this important field of study.

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Psychology
A scientific discipline that concerns itself with the study of human thought, behavior and emotion.
Sigmund Freud
A famous early psychologist and supporter of the psychodynamic approach whose theories about sex and human motivation have caused controversy
Behavioral approach
A psychological approach used to describe human behavior as strongly influenced by external factors and to question the existence of free will
Scientific study of psychology
A research-based way of thinking about human behavior that seeks to conduct deep analysis on what really motivates the way people think, act and feel
Biological psychology
A field of psychology that studies the physical aspects of the nervous system, such as the brain and the nerves, and their on impact moods and behavior
Jean Piaget
A cognitive psychologist who believed that internal factors such as emotions and past experiences influence the way people act
Cognitive psychology
A branch of psychology that embraces the concept of free will and focuses on the way people can learn to change their behavior and solve problems in a rational way
Humanistic psychology
An approach to psychology that looks at that concept of self actualization and the ways people have potential to be their best
Social psychology
A branch of psychology that explores the way society and mass culture can influence the way people behave as individuals
Developmental psychology
A subfield of psychology that explores the way humans change and grow in different stages of life from birth to death
Clinical psychology
The psychological discipline concerned with direct interaction with patients in a healthcare setting, including both counseling and psychiatric treatment
The scientific method
A science-based research and study technique that involves formulating a hypothesis, or a scientific theory, and testing that hypothesis with experimentation and evidence
Observation
An element of the science of psychology that involves examining tangible and provable causes and effects
Independent variable
An element of a scientific experiment that causes or brings about the phenomenon or problem being studied
Dependent variable
The outcome or effect of a cause being studied during a scientific experiment
Ethical standards
Rules that focus on the concepts of informed consent and minimized harm as a way of guiding psychological experiments with human participants
Stanley Milgram
An early psychologist who conducted a famously unethical study on obedience that saw human participants administer electric shocks to each other
Wilhelm Wundt
A 19th-century psychology pioneer who founded the first known scientific lab focused on psychology
Law of proximity
A gestalt psychology concept explaining that multiple closely arranged objects or shapes tend to be seen as a singular group
Gestalt psychology
A psychological approach focused on studying visual perception that gained popularity in the early 20th century; its name derives from the German word for 'form'
Psychoanalysis
A psychological interview and exploration technique that originated in the early 20th century thanks to the work of Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung and others
Behaviorism
An early 20th century psychological movement led by psychologists Watson and Skinner that focused on the way people and other animals can be conditioned to behave in certain ways
Five major modern approaches to psychology
Biological, psychodynamic, behavioral, cognitive, humanistic
Five main specializations in psychology
Cognitive, humanistic, social, developmental, clinical

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