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History of Psychology Overview Flashcards

History of Psychology Overview Flashcards
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Clinical Psychology

Psychologists in this field work by providing diagnoses and treatment for mental health issues.

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Social Psychology

You can study this form of psychology if you are interested in individual actions and believe that attitudes are impacted by your surrounding social groups.

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Developmental Psychology

Individuals who work in this type of psychology look at the way people shift and change throughout their lives.

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Humanistic Psychology

This form of psychology asserts that we are driven to be the best form of ourselves and to work toward self-actualization.

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Behaviorist Psychology

This view of psychology held that cognition is predetermined and the mind should function rationally. It was founded by John Watson. Cognitive psychology emerged in response to this.

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Gestalt Psychology

Individuals interested in this approach to psychology are concerned with how the mind focuses as a whole, not in terms of individual parts.

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Structuralism

The approach to psychology that focuses on the mind and how parts of the mind interact with each other.

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Functionalism

This approach to psychology is concerned with the function of different mental states. It focuses on the brain.

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Economics

This science, which looks at the way we make and distribute goods, connects to psychology in direct and indirect ways.

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Politics

This field of study, which focuses on government and policies, exerts an influence upon psychology and is influenced in return. Interactions between the two go both ways.

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Naturalistic Theory

The theory of history that asserts that societal changes were brought about by the forces of nature and the spirit of the times, also called the zeitgeist.

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Personalistic Theory

This theory of history argues that the people who made great strides in the past were either possessed of extreme willpower or somehow given supernatural strength.

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Recent Trends in Psychology: Multicultural Training

This training is used to help psychologists broaden their understanding of different cultures and groups in order to prevent issues with discrimination in psychological care.

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27 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

Accessing this set of flashcards will give you the chance to review many of the branches of psychology throughout history, including:

  • Functionalism
  • Structuralism
  • Gestalt psychology
  • Behaviorist psychology
  • Humanistic psychology
  • Developmental psychology
  • Social psychology
  • Clinical psychology

You'll also be able to focus on historiography and the difference between primary and secondary sources. Philosophers who are interested in the sciences are also covered by these cards.

Front
Back
Recent Trends in Psychology: Multicultural Training

This training is used to help psychologists broaden their understanding of different cultures and groups in order to prevent issues with discrimination in psychological care.

Personalistic Theory

This theory of history argues that the people who made great strides in the past were either possessed of extreme willpower or somehow given supernatural strength.

Naturalistic Theory

The theory of history that asserts that societal changes were brought about by the forces of nature and the spirit of the times, also called the zeitgeist.

Politics

This field of study, which focuses on government and policies, exerts an influence upon psychology and is influenced in return. Interactions between the two go both ways.

Economics

This science, which looks at the way we make and distribute goods, connects to psychology in direct and indirect ways.

Functionalism

This approach to psychology is concerned with the function of different mental states. It focuses on the brain.

Structuralism

The approach to psychology that focuses on the mind and how parts of the mind interact with each other.

Gestalt Psychology

Individuals interested in this approach to psychology are concerned with how the mind focuses as a whole, not in terms of individual parts.

Behaviorist Psychology

This view of psychology held that cognition is predetermined and the mind should function rationally. It was founded by John Watson. Cognitive psychology emerged in response to this.

Humanistic Psychology

This form of psychology asserts that we are driven to be the best form of ourselves and to work toward self-actualization.

Developmental Psychology

Individuals who work in this type of psychology look at the way people shift and change throughout their lives.

Social Psychology

You can study this form of psychology if you are interested in individual actions and believe that attitudes are impacted by your surrounding social groups.

Clinical Psychology

Psychologists in this field work by providing diagnoses and treatment for mental health issues.

Gestalt

This German word means 'form'.

Reification

The ability we use when we fill in a shape that is missing pieces. If you see shapes in clouds, it could be an example of this.

Emergence

In psychology, this occurs when an individual notices a thing as a whole before taking into consideration the parts that make it up.

Psychodynamic Psychology

This approach to psychology was developed by Sigmund Freud. It focused on the unconscious. Carl Jung and Alfred Adler also followed this model.

Historiography

This field of study focuses on the ways that historical interpretations go through changes throughout the course of time.

Primary Sources

Sources of historical information that were made during the time period a historian is studying. Documents like diaries are an example of this.

Secondary Sources

These sources are created after historical events and recount what happened from an outside perspective.

Hegelian Dialectic

This pattern is frequently utilized by historical interpretations. It includes three components: a thesis, an antithesis and a synthesis.

Paul Feyerabend

This man criticized the scientific method and argued that science was not as objective as claimed. He believed there were multiple ways to find the truth.

Thomas Kuhn

He came up with the term 'paradigm shift,' a process that occurs when accepted theories of science are challenged by newer ideas.

Helen Longino

She argued that societal forums are necessary to make science more objective, because they can question the information produced by scientists.

Karl Popper

This man was interested in things that were falsifiable, or capable of being proven false. He said science can only look at things that can be shown to be wrong.

William Wundt

In 1879, he was responsible for starting the world's first lab for psychology.

Carl Rogers

He led to the development of humanistic psychology, which focuses on empowering patients. It sees people as fundamentally trying to better themselves.

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