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Human Anatomy Overview Flashcards

Human Anatomy Overview Flashcards
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Trachea
Also known as the windpipe, this is the airway that connects our larynx to our lungs.
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Bronchioles
These small tubes split from the bronchi and hold our alveoli.
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Bronchi
We have two of these tubes in our respiratory system. They split from the trachea.
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Larynx
The part of the respiratory system sometimes called the voice box.
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Alveoli
These structures are found at the end of tiny bronchioles in our lungs. Oxygen exchange takes place within these structures.
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Autonomic Nervous System
This section of the nervous system controls involuntary body functions, such as salivation, sweating and breathing.
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Somatic Nervous System
We use this term when referring to the part of our nervous system that lets us respond intentionally to stimuli. Running would be controlled by this part of the nervous system.
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Lymphatic System
A system in the human body that brings fluid, including water, back to our blood
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Excretory System
The body system that takes waste products and substances that are toxic out of your body. The kidneys, liver and bladder are all parts of this system.
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Rectum
Feces is stored in this segment of the large intestine.
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Large Intestine
An organ, also known as the colon, that mainly serves to reabsorb the water missed by the small intestine
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Small Intestine
This organ is responsible for absorbing the nutrients we eat.
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Parts of the Upper Digestive Tract

Mouth

Throat

Stomach

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Heart
This organ pumps our blood. It has four chambers. Blood enters this organ through the right atrium, moves around through the lungs, and eventually goes through the left ventricle.
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Capillaries
Gases and nutrients pass between our tissues and blood in these very small blood vessels.
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Arteries
A kind of blood vessel that takes blood away from the heart to various body tissues
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Pulmonary Arteries
These are the arteries in our body responsible for bringing blood that is oxygen-poor to our lungs.
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Vascular System
This body system contains our blood vessels, including our capillaries, arteries and veins.
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36 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

These flashcards can assist you with reviewing the human circulatory, lymphatic and respiratory systems. The nervous system, including the parasympathetic, sympathetic, central and peripheral systems will be covered by these cards. You'll also have the chance to consider the integumentary and muscular systems. Finally, these cards focus on the excretory and digestive systems of humans.

Front
Back
Vascular System
This body system contains our blood vessels, including our capillaries, arteries and veins.
Pulmonary Arteries
These are the arteries in our body responsible for bringing blood that is oxygen-poor to our lungs.
Arteries
A kind of blood vessel that takes blood away from the heart to various body tissues
Capillaries
Gases and nutrients pass between our tissues and blood in these very small blood vessels.
Heart
This organ pumps our blood. It has four chambers. Blood enters this organ through the right atrium, moves around through the lungs, and eventually goes through the left ventricle.
Parts of the Upper Digestive Tract

Mouth

Throat

Stomach

Small Intestine
This organ is responsible for absorbing the nutrients we eat.
Large Intestine
An organ, also known as the colon, that mainly serves to reabsorb the water missed by the small intestine
Rectum
Feces is stored in this segment of the large intestine.
Excretory System
The body system that takes waste products and substances that are toxic out of your body. The kidneys, liver and bladder are all parts of this system.
Lymphatic System
A system in the human body that brings fluid, including water, back to our blood
Somatic Nervous System
We use this term when referring to the part of our nervous system that lets us respond intentionally to stimuli. Running would be controlled by this part of the nervous system.
Autonomic Nervous System
This section of the nervous system controls involuntary body functions, such as salivation, sweating and breathing.
Alveoli
These structures are found at the end of tiny bronchioles in our lungs. Oxygen exchange takes place within these structures.
Larynx
The part of the respiratory system sometimes called the voice box.
Bronchi
We have two of these tubes in our respiratory system. They split from the trachea.
Bronchioles
These small tubes split from the bronchi and hold our alveoli.
Trachea
Also known as the windpipe, this is the airway that connects our larynx to our lungs.
Respiratory System
The body system that allows us to absorb the oxygen we need to live.
Voluntary Muscles
We are capable of consciously using these muscles. Skeletal muscle is an example of this kind of muscle.
Involuntary Muscles
These are muscles that can't be used consciously. Examples include smooth muscle and cardiac muscle.
Central Nervous System
This is made up of our spinal cord and brain. It's responsible for absorbing information and deciding how to respond.
Peripheral Nervous System
A system made up of our motor and sensory neurons. This system takes in information from our senses and determines bodily actions.
Occipital Lobe
A part of our brain that we use to take in and process information that is visual in nature
Parietal Lobe
This area of our brain deals with motor function and processes touch, temperature and pain.
Frontal Lobe
A section of the brain that handles planning, speaking and exhibiting emotions
Temporal Lobe
We count on this part of our brain to handle language comprehension, memory and hearing.
Integumentary System
A bodily system comprised of your skin and other structures, such as your fingernails
Functions of the Epidermis, Dermis and Hypodermis

Maintenance of body temperature

Protection of organs

Synthesis of vitamin D

Excretion of wastes

Blockage of radiation and microorganisms

Sympathetic Nervous System
This part of your nervous system gets you ready for activities that are physical. This may include dilating your pupils, raising your heart rate and liver function and relaxing the bladder.
Parasympathetic Nervous System
A section of the nervous system that relaxes the body. It can increase digestion, lower heartrates and more.
Connective Tissue
A type of tissue that has an extracellular matrix that holds cells. Bone, cartilage and fat are examples of this kind of tissue.
Organ
We use this term when speaking about a bodily structure made of multiple tissues that complete a given task together. Examples include our heart and lungs.
Tissue
These are formed by groups of cells that share functional and structural similarities.
Organ System
We consider this to be multiple tissues and organs that work together. They take care of major functions in a living creature.
Epithelial Tissue
This type of tissue lines our body cavities and organs.

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