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Humanities in Rome & Late Antiquity Flashcards

Humanities in Rome & Late Antiquity Flashcards
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Common types of Roman art
Murals
Mosaics
Sculptures, including portraits and narrative reliefs
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Greek views on art
Unlike Rome, this culture saw religious expression as the true value of art.
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Roman views on art
This culture saw art more as a commodity.
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Examples of early Christian art
Illuminated manuscripts, or books with illustrations
Mosaics
Sarcophagi sculpture
Frescoes
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Similarities between early Christian and ancient Egyptian art
Both of these groups created works of art on tombs or catacombs.
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Differences in early Christian and Greek and Roman sculpture
This group avoided making large sculptures, which were common in Greek and Roman art, because they thought it would be idolatry.
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Cicero's concept of natural law
This philosopher asserted that the laws of nature granted people inalienable rights and stood above laws created by men. This philosophy was applied by those who founded America.
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Julius Caesar and Cicero's legacy
Julius Caesar was referring to this man when he said 'it is more important to have greatly extended the frontiers of the Roman spirit than the frontiers of the Roman Empire.'
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Byzantine art
An art style responsible for the creation of beautiful mosaics and periods of iconoclasm, where pieces of religious art were destroyed
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Differences in Byzantine and early Christian art
This art style differs from early Christian art in the way that it blended iconography with symbols for imperialism. This mix makes it easier to distinguish the two styles of art.
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Byzantine architecture
This style of architecture can be distinguished from early Christian architecture due to its use of a central plan, a new column style and pendentives, or a boosting of the dome of a church.
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Similarities in Byzantine and early Christian architecture
Both of these styles of architecture feature clerestory, or high windows, as well as mosaics and a focus on the apse, a half-domed alcove located at the front of the church.
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25 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

Working on these flashcards can help you focus on the Pantheon, the Leaning Tower of Pisa, aqueducts and other Roman architectural advances. You can also find cards that cover Roman, Byzantine and early Christian art and architecture. The religious and philosophical beliefs of the Romans, and how these beliefs were influenced by the Greeks, will also be reviewed.

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Similarities in Byzantine and early Christian architecture
Both of these styles of architecture feature clerestory, or high windows, as well as mosaics and a focus on the apse, a half-domed alcove located at the front of the church.
Byzantine architecture
This style of architecture can be distinguished from early Christian architecture due to its use of a central plan, a new column style and pendentives, or a boosting of the dome of a church.
Differences in Byzantine and early Christian art
This art style differs from early Christian art in the way that it blended iconography with symbols for imperialism. This mix makes it easier to distinguish the two styles of art.
Byzantine art
An art style responsible for the creation of beautiful mosaics and periods of iconoclasm, where pieces of religious art were destroyed
Julius Caesar and Cicero's legacy
Julius Caesar was referring to this man when he said 'it is more important to have greatly extended the frontiers of the Roman spirit than the frontiers of the Roman Empire.'
Cicero's concept of natural law
This philosopher asserted that the laws of nature granted people inalienable rights and stood above laws created by men. This philosophy was applied by those who founded America.
Differences in early Christian and Greek and Roman sculpture
This group avoided making large sculptures, which were common in Greek and Roman art, because they thought it would be idolatry.
Similarities between early Christian and ancient Egyptian art
Both of these groups created works of art on tombs or catacombs.
Examples of early Christian art
Illuminated manuscripts, or books with illustrations
Mosaics
Sarcophagi sculpture
Frescoes
Roman views on art
This culture saw art more as a commodity.
Greek views on art
Unlike Rome, this culture saw religious expression as the true value of art.
Common types of Roman art
Murals
Mosaics
Sculptures, including portraits and narrative reliefs
Arches
This solved the problems associated with the post and lintel method of constructing a door, by using stone's compressive strength to redistribute weight across a large area.
Connections between Roman and Greek architecture
This culture borrowed heavily upon the forms used in Greek architecture, but implemented new materials and creative techniques.
Pantheon
A giant architectural marvel in Rome that shows off the engineering potential of the Roman dome, a major architectural innovation of Roman design
Aqueducts
The Romans created this system to deliver water across land distances.
Magna Grecia
A Greek colony located in southern Italy and Sicily that made it easy for Greek ideas to reach and spread throughout Roman civilization
Greek Influences on Roman Religion
This culture adopted many Greek gods as their own, while renaming them to fit their new home.
Christianity and ancient Roman religion
Many different religions appeared in Rome as the civilization expanded, but this belief system proved to be the most enduring, eventually becoming the official religion of Rome.
Romanesque architecture
This style of architecture was widely used across Europe, with many places personalizing it for their location. However, the semicircular arch is used in all of these different areas.
The Leaning Tower of Pisa
This tower is a campaniles, or a free-standing bell tower, covered in arcades, or rows of archways. Both campaniles and arcades are associated with Romanesque architecture.
Barrel vault
This type of vault has been in use for a long time and is simply a semicircular arch that stretches along one axis.
Mos maiorum
This term refers to a network of ancient customs in Rome. These customs regulated how people behaved in their family life and in society.
Connections between ancient Roman and Greek philosophy
This culture absorbed the Greek philosophy of stoicism, which valued reason and the equality of man, and used it as a framework to support to mos maiorum.
Etruscans
This group lived in the area later inhabited by the Romans and influenced Roman religious beliefs along with the Greeks.

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