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Humanities in the Ancient World Flashcards

Humanities in the Ancient World Flashcards
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Ancient Persia
This culture created art that included lots of columns and bas-reliefs, or carved figures that stood out from the backgrounds. Its artisans also focused on ornate jewelry and metalwork.
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Archaic Sculpture
An early style of Greek sculpture that seems to draw inspiration from Egyptian works. Characterized by stiff poses and a smile that many artists used in their sculptures.
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Red Figure Period of Ancient Greek Pottery
This period is considered the height of Greek pottery. It featured improvements upon the Black Figure period and included a high level of detail.
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Ancient Greek Sculpture
This culture created sculptures that were realistic and refined. This can be attributed to the superior materials these sculptors had to work with.
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Medium
In art, this term can refer to types of artistic expression, such as pottery and sculpture.
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Marble
This material was commonly used by Greek sculptors because it offered the opportunity to include a lot of refinement in a sculpture.
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Ancient Greek Architecture
The architecture from this culture is known for the use of columns, clever techniques and mastering acoustics to produce great theaters.
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Entasis
Greeks used this architectural technique with columns to make buildings appear taller. The builders of the Parthenon made use of this method.
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Corinthian Columns
This column can be identified by tops (capitals) that have carvings of leaves
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Ionic Columns
A type of Greek column that is characterized by curled tops, called capitals
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Religion in Ancient Greece
This culture featured a religion that included the worship of multiple gods. These gods were used to explain both supernatural occurrences and aspects of human nature.
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Cleisthenes
A man in ancient Greece who set up a system of government in which males over 18 were allowed to take part. This system was called demokratia and represented early democracy.
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Sparta
This city-state in Greece was concerned with military success. Slaves did the manual labor in this society, and women were allowed a relatively high amount of independence.
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Athens
A Greek city-state that valued cultural development and focused on government
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Periods of Ancient Egyptian Art
The Old Kingdom Period

The Middle Kingdom Period

The New Kingdom Period

The Intermediate Period

The Late Period
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Late Period Ancient Egyptian Art
The works created in this period of Egyptian art differed from previous periods in that they featured non-royal individuals. Artists frequently worked in bronze.
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Ancient Egyptian Art
This culture's art focused on creating depictions of gods, animals and people. This culture created paintings, pottery, sculptures and hieroglyphics.
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34 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

The flashcards in this set can help you focus on the works of Sophocles, Aeschylus and Euripides as well as Virgil. You can review your knowledge of philosophers, including Plato and Socrates. Greek mythology and its connections to other religions will also be covered. These cards can help you review different periods of Egyptian art, the work of the Persians and advances in Greek art, sculpture and architecture.

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Ancient Egyptian Art
This culture's art focused on creating depictions of gods, animals and people. This culture created paintings, pottery, sculptures and hieroglyphics.
Late Period Ancient Egyptian Art
The works created in this period of Egyptian art differed from previous periods in that they featured non-royal individuals. Artists frequently worked in bronze.
Periods of Ancient Egyptian Art
The Old Kingdom Period

The Middle Kingdom Period

The New Kingdom Period

The Intermediate Period

The Late Period
Athens
A Greek city-state that valued cultural development and focused on government
Sparta
This city-state in Greece was concerned with military success. Slaves did the manual labor in this society, and women were allowed a relatively high amount of independence.
Cleisthenes
A man in ancient Greece who set up a system of government in which males over 18 were allowed to take part. This system was called demokratia and represented early democracy.
Religion in Ancient Greece
This culture featured a religion that included the worship of multiple gods. These gods were used to explain both supernatural occurrences and aspects of human nature.
Ionic Columns
A type of Greek column that is characterized by curled tops, called capitals
Corinthian Columns
This column can be identified by tops (capitals) that have carvings of leaves
Entasis
Greeks used this architectural technique with columns to make buildings appear taller. The builders of the Parthenon made use of this method.
Ancient Greek Architecture
The architecture from this culture is known for the use of columns, clever techniques and mastering acoustics to produce great theaters.
Marble
This material was commonly used by Greek sculptors because it offered the opportunity to include a lot of refinement in a sculpture.
Medium
In art, this term can refer to types of artistic expression, such as pottery and sculpture.
Ancient Greek Sculpture
This culture created sculptures that were realistic and refined. This can be attributed to the superior materials these sculptors had to work with.
Red Figure Period of Ancient Greek Pottery
This period is considered the height of Greek pottery. It featured improvements upon the Black Figure period and included a high level of detail.
Archaic Sculpture
An early style of Greek sculpture that seems to draw inspiration from Egyptian works. Characterized by stiff poses and a smile that many artists used in their sculptures.
Ancient Persia
This culture created art that included lots of columns and bas-reliefs, or carved figures that stood out from the backgrounds. Its artisans also focused on ornate jewelry and metalwork.
Gate of All Nations
An ancient palace built by the Persians, it features a grand hall and multiple entrances.
The Achaemenid Era of Ancient Persia Art
Occurring after the Persians made peace with the Medians, this era is characterized by artwork that demonstrates influences from Greece, Mesopotamia and Egypt.
Titans in Ancient Greek Mythology
These mythological figures were believed to have beaten the powers that came before them. In turn, they were eventually overthrown by the Olympians.
Religious Syncretism
This occurs when similar gods are blended into one. The Greeks made use of this and often mixed gods together, such as Dionysus' (Greek) similarities to Osiris (Egyptian).
Arete
This term refers to the specific virtue that a Greek hero was supposed to exemplify.
Socrates
A Classical philosopher who believed that through reason humans could find truth and virtue for the soul. He was executed because his ideas were considered threatening to tradition.
Sophist Ideology
This philosophical group didn't believe in the existence of a universal, objective truth. They thought speech could influence reality and that human custom and nature were distinct.
Plato
This philosopher shaped the Realm of Ideas, or the concept that beyond the physical world there is a fundamental truth.
Presocratics
A group that, like Classical Greek philosophers, believed they could use reason, science and observation to craft an explanation of the universe, instead of religion or mythology.
Stoicism
This philosophical viewpoint valued reason above emotion, which they thought was destructive and fickle. Individuals holding this viewpoint would attempt to restrain emotional outbursts.
Euripides
A Greek playwright who is credited with creating the concept of deux ex machina. He also used female leads in his plays and included monodies for his actors to sing.
Sophocles
This playwright was known for including a third actor in the relationships in his plays, which added increased complexity to his work. He also stopped using trilogies and increased the chorus.
Aeschylus
The plays created by this Greek typically featured a conflict between two actors. He is considered the first playwright to have mastered the tragedy and worked on very religious plays.
Virgil
This poet spent ten years writing the Aeneid. Dante later used this author as his guide through the afterlife in his work The Inferno, part of his Divine Comedy.
The Aeneid
A poem created by Virgil in order to create an epic of the Roman people for Augustus Caesar
The Epic of Gilgamesh
The world's oldest surviving epic poem. This was written in Sumeria around 2750 BCE and some parts of it have been completely lost to time.
Poet who plays a prominent role in Dante's Divine Comedy
Virgil

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