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Hypertonic Solutions List & Flashcards

Hypertonic Solutions List & Flashcards
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The type of solution noted by the red square
Hypertonic
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Plasmolyzed
When a plant cell loses water because it was put in a hypertonic solution; it then shrivels up.
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Lyse
The technical term for cell bursting
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The major solvent in your body
Water
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Osmosis
The process where water diffuses from an area of low-solute (high water) concentration to an area of high-solute (low water) concentration.
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Hypertonic
A type of solution where water flows outside of the cell because there is a higher concentration of solutes outside the cell than inside the cell.
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Hypotonic
A type of solution where water flows inside of the cell because there is a lower concentration of solutes outside the cell than inside the cell.
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Isotonic
A type of solution where water flows consistently into and out of the cell because there is an equal concentration of solutes outside the cell and inside the cell.
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Three types of solutions that can occur in your body that can affect cells' ability to function properly
Isotonic, Hypertonic, Hypotonic
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Solution
The fluid that is created by dissolving a solute in a solvent; salt water is an example
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Solvent
The fluid that the solute is dissolved in; water is an example.
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Solute
The particles that are dissolved in a solvent; sodium and potassium are examples.
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24 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

The cell is the basic unit of life and in order for a cell to be healthy, it has to have specific optimal environmental conditions regarding temperature and the amount of water, for example. In this flashcard set, you will discover that the concentration of fluid inside and outside of the cell is determined by the amount of solutes dissolved in it. There are three types of solutions: hypertonic, isotonic, and hypotonic and you will be able to identify the difference between these types of solutions and what happens to cells when placed in these solutions.

Front
Back
Solute
The particles that are dissolved in a solvent; sodium and potassium are examples.
Solvent
The fluid that the solute is dissolved in; water is an example.
Solution
The fluid that is created by dissolving a solute in a solvent; salt water is an example
Three types of solutions that can occur in your body that can affect cells' ability to function properly
Isotonic, Hypertonic, Hypotonic
Isotonic
A type of solution where water flows consistently into and out of the cell because there is an equal concentration of solutes outside the cell and inside the cell.
Hypotonic
A type of solution where water flows inside of the cell because there is a lower concentration of solutes outside the cell than inside the cell.
Hypertonic
A type of solution where water flows outside of the cell because there is a higher concentration of solutes outside the cell than inside the cell.
Osmosis
The process where water diffuses from an area of low-solute (high water) concentration to an area of high-solute (low water) concentration.
The major solvent in your body
Water
Lyse
The technical term for cell bursting
Plasmolyzed
When a plant cell loses water because it was put in a hypertonic solution; it then shrivels up.
The type of solution noted by the red square
Hypertonic
The type of solution noted by the red square
Hypotonic
The type of solution noted by the red square
Isotonic
Are body cells hydrated or dehydrated if they are surrounded by a hypertonic solution?
Dehydrated
Are body cells hydrated or dehydrated if they are surrounded by a hypotonic solution?
Hydrated
Which solution do human body cells prefer: isotonic, hypertonic, hypotonic?
Isotonic
Does a hypertonic or hypotonic solution surround a plant's cells if the plant is wilting?
Hypertonic
Example of a common hypertonic solution used in the medical field.
Saline solution
Which solution do plant cells prefer: isotonic, hypertonic, hypotonic?
Hypotonic
When a human body cell is in this type of a solution, the environment is considered balanced.
Isotonic
When water moves via osmosis, it diffuses to where there are more solutes, eventually evening out the ratio of what two things?
Solvent and solute
Example of a common hypertonic solution used in the kitchen.
Corn syrup
What is an example of a health problems that can be caused by hypertonic solutions surrounding cells?
Organ failure

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