Immune Disorders & Infections Flashcards

Immune Disorders & Infections Flashcards
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HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)
This is the virus that causes AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). It works by destroying vital cells in the immune system.
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CVID (Common Variable Immunodeficiency)
Individuals with this immune disorder don't produce enough B lymphocytes that function in the proper way.
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SCID (Severe Combined Immunodeficiency)
An immune disorder caused by genetic mutations that lead to immune cells that are missing completely or that are defective.
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Opportunistic Infections
Illnesses caused by certain pathogens that strike patients who have weak immune systems.
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Sanitation
A process that involves keeping public messes, including those involving toxins or sewage, cleaned up to protect public health.
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Vaccine
This represents a medical preparation that contains either a piece of a pathogen or a weaker type of the pathogen. It is given to patients to allow their immune systems to better fight a disease.
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Vector Control
We use this term to describe a process that involves destroying the agents responsible for transmitting a specific disease, such as trying to kill all the mosquitoes that carry malaria.
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Disinfectant
You can use this cleaner to kill almost all of the microbes you'd find on a surface or other inanimate object. However, some microbes survive when you use this cleaner.
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Sterilant
This cleaner will kills every single microbe found on a given surface or on a specific inanimate object. It represents the strongest type of cleaner.
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Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
A kind of autoimmune disorder that is characterized by an immune system attack on a person's heart, brain and other organs.
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Myasthenia Gravis
Individuals who have this autoimmune disorder suffer from a weakness that affects their voluntary muscles.
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Type I Diabetes
This autoimmune disorder is fairly well known. It occurs when the immune system attacks the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin.
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Multiple Sclerosis
A patient's myelin sheaths are destroyed by this autoimmune disorder. This leads to problems with walking and communication. It may cause balance problems and numbness.
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Guillain-Barre Syndrome
An autoimmune disorder that impacts an individual's nervous system.
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Autoimmune Disorders
This group of disorders occur if a patient's body is attacked by his or her own immune system. This happens if the immune system fails to properly identify foreign cells.
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Factors that led to improved life expectancy throughout the 1900s

Vaccines

Antibiotics

Sanitation

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Germ Theory of Disease
A theory that asserts that microscopic organisms are responsible for infectious diseases. It led to the use of antiseptic techniques, equipment sterilization and hand washing.
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Bronchodilation
A process that occurs when a person's constricted airways are opened up.
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Allergy
We consider this to be an overreaction of your immune system to a substance that would usually be considered harmless, such as mold or pollen.
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39 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

This set of flashcards can help you go over the innate and adaptive parts of the human immune system. You can consider passive and active immunity, along with the role of antibiotics and vaccines. Other tools used to fight disease, including vector control, sterilants and disinfectants will also be considered. You'll find cards that deal with immune deficiency diseases, such as SCID and CVID. Additionally, sexually transmitted infections, including gonorrhea and chlamydia will be focused on as well.

Front
Back
Allergy
We consider this to be an overreaction of your immune system to a substance that would usually be considered harmless, such as mold or pollen.
Bronchodilation
A process that occurs when a person's constricted airways are opened up.
Germ Theory of Disease
A theory that asserts that microscopic organisms are responsible for infectious diseases. It led to the use of antiseptic techniques, equipment sterilization and hand washing.
Factors that led to improved life expectancy throughout the 1900s

Vaccines

Antibiotics

Sanitation

Autoimmune Disorders
This group of disorders occur if a patient's body is attacked by his or her own immune system. This happens if the immune system fails to properly identify foreign cells.
Guillain-Barre Syndrome
An autoimmune disorder that impacts an individual's nervous system.
Multiple Sclerosis
A patient's myelin sheaths are destroyed by this autoimmune disorder. This leads to problems with walking and communication. It may cause balance problems and numbness.
Type I Diabetes
This autoimmune disorder is fairly well known. It occurs when the immune system attacks the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin.
Myasthenia Gravis
Individuals who have this autoimmune disorder suffer from a weakness that affects their voluntary muscles.
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
A kind of autoimmune disorder that is characterized by an immune system attack on a person's heart, brain and other organs.
Sterilant
This cleaner will kills every single microbe found on a given surface or on a specific inanimate object. It represents the strongest type of cleaner.
Disinfectant
You can use this cleaner to kill almost all of the microbes you'd find on a surface or other inanimate object. However, some microbes survive when you use this cleaner.
Vector Control
We use this term to describe a process that involves destroying the agents responsible for transmitting a specific disease, such as trying to kill all the mosquitoes that carry malaria.
Vaccine
This represents a medical preparation that contains either a piece of a pathogen or a weaker type of the pathogen. It is given to patients to allow their immune systems to better fight a disease.
Sanitation
A process that involves keeping public messes, including those involving toxins or sewage, cleaned up to protect public health.
Opportunistic Infections
Illnesses caused by certain pathogens that strike patients who have weak immune systems.
SCID (Severe Combined Immunodeficiency)
An immune disorder caused by genetic mutations that lead to immune cells that are missing completely or that are defective.
CVID (Common Variable Immunodeficiency)
Individuals with this immune disorder don't produce enough B lymphocytes that function in the proper way.
HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)
This is the virus that causes AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). It works by destroying vital cells in the immune system.
Graft-Versus-Host Disease
Patients can experience this condition if they receive donor tissue, or a blood transfusion, and their immune cells attack the foreign material.
Pathogens
This term refers to the agents of disease found throughout the world. Examples can include viruses, fungi, parasites and bacteria.
Concerns associated with the use of antibiotics

Too much use in agriculture

Development of drug-resistant bacteria

Failure to develop effective alternatives to antibiotics

Virulence
We use this term to refer to how well a pathogen causes disease. If pathogens have a high amount of this they may grow rapidly, kill their host cells and easily defeat the immune system.
Antibiotics
A class of drugs often used in the treatment of infections caused by bacteria.
Relation of drugs and alcohol to sexually transmitted diseases
While these factors may not lead directly to the development of sexually transmitted diseases, they can lower your judgement and impact your ability to follow safe practices.
Mutual Monogamy
Couples who are only sexually active with one another are taking part in this process, which will not prevent the spread of sexually infectious diseases if one partner already has an infection.
Condoms
A barrier that, if used properly during sex, can prevent the spread of sexually transmitted diseases.
Vaccines for Sexually Transmitted Diseases
These medical tools can be used to prevent certain sexually transmitted diseases, including hepatitis B.
Abstinence
Individuals who follow this practice don't have sex. This represents the most effective way to avoid sexually transmitted diseases.
Chlamydia
A bacterial STI (STD) that is very common. If left untreated in a woman it can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease, which can in turn cause infertility.
Syphilis
This STI (STD) is caused by the bacteria Treponema pallidum. It can 'hide' in a patient's body for many years before causing many health problems.
Gonorrhea
An STI (STD) that is caused by the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae. This can cause burning when a patient urinates.
Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
This STI (STD) is caused by a virus. It can lead to cervical cancer or warts.
Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) / Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)
We use these terms to refer to diseases that are passed from one partner to another through sex.
Passive Immunity
A type of immunity that occurs if an individual receives antibodies from someone else. This kind of immunity doesn't last very long.
Adaptive Immune System
The part of the immune system that acts adaptively, allowing it to deal with individual pathogens that break through barriers into our bodies.
Artificially Acquired Active Immunity
We develop this kind of immunity when we are exposed to vaccines, or other weakened forms of a pathogen, in order to train our immune systems to defeat it.
Naturally Acquired Active Immunity
Individuals can get this kind of immunity against disease by being exposed to a pathogen. After your body defeats the pathogen, it will remember how to create the antibody.
Innate Immune System
This represents the part of our immune system made up of barriers, such as our skin, along with our cells. This part of the immune system treats everything the same way.

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