International Law & Global Issues Flashcards

International Law & Global Issues Flashcards
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Neo-Malthusian School of Thought

This view about sustainability argues that the global population is growing too large to be sustained by the food we have available.

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Stages of Genocide: Extermination

The stage of genocide when the mass murders actually take place.

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Stages of Genocide: Dehumanization

Members of a persecuted group have their humanity striped away from them during this stage of genocide.

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Stages of Genocide: Denial

This stage of genocide occurs after the mass killings. It involves trying to cover up the murders.

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Stages of Genocide: Preparation

During this stage of a genocide, victims are picked out and split apart from the rest of the population. Death lists are often used during this stage.

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Genocide

Countries commit this when they systematically murder a national, religious or ethnic group due to discrimination.

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Civil Rights

The rights that deal with our personal freedoms. These include freedoms related to religious practices and speech.

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Social Rights

Rights tied to things like security, education, health care and an acceptable standard of living.

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Political Rights

These rights deal with our ability to take part in the running of the government. The foremost of these would be the right to vote.

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Climate Change

The process that occurs as weather patterns shift and temperatures increase due to higher levels of greenhouse gases in our atmosphere.

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Greenhouse Effect

We use this phrase to describe the process that occurs when certain gases trap the Sun's heat in the atmosphere of the Earth.

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Tariff

A specific kind of tax that is placed on goods being imported into a country.

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Local Content Requirement

This regulation forces companies to use domestically produced goods in their products.

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Quota

This refers to a limit on how much of a product a country may import or export. This limit is generally set by the government.

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Subsidies

A tool used by the government to lower production costs for domestic businesses. A default-free loan or tax breaks could be examples of this tool.

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Protocol

These are the rules that govern etiquette as it is used in diplomacy in a political context.

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Geneva Convention

This set of four treaties set international standards for the humane treatment of individuals during a war.

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34 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

Checking out this flashcard set can help you go over global trade issues and the uses of tariffs, quotas and subsidies. You'll be able to review health concerns such as epidemics and pandemics. Climate change and renewable energy are also addressed by these flashcards. You can focus on weapons proliferation and the global security dilemma. Additionally, this set of cards covers the stages of genocide.

Front
Back
Geneva Convention

This set of four treaties set international standards for the humane treatment of individuals during a war.

Protocol

These are the rules that govern etiquette as it is used in diplomacy in a political context.

Subsidies

A tool used by the government to lower production costs for domestic businesses. A default-free loan or tax breaks could be examples of this tool.

Quota

This refers to a limit on how much of a product a country may import or export. This limit is generally set by the government.

Local Content Requirement

This regulation forces companies to use domestically produced goods in their products.

Tariff

A specific kind of tax that is placed on goods being imported into a country.

Greenhouse Effect

We use this phrase to describe the process that occurs when certain gases trap the Sun's heat in the atmosphere of the Earth.

Climate Change

The process that occurs as weather patterns shift and temperatures increase due to higher levels of greenhouse gases in our atmosphere.

Political Rights

These rights deal with our ability to take part in the running of the government. The foremost of these would be the right to vote.

Social Rights

Rights tied to things like security, education, health care and an acceptable standard of living.

Civil Rights

The rights that deal with our personal freedoms. These include freedoms related to religious practices and speech.

Genocide

Countries commit this when they systematically murder a national, religious or ethnic group due to discrimination.

Stages of Genocide: Preparation

During this stage of a genocide, victims are picked out and split apart from the rest of the population. Death lists are often used during this stage.

Stages of Genocide: Denial

This stage of genocide occurs after the mass killings. It involves trying to cover up the murders.

Stages of Genocide: Dehumanization

Members of a persecuted group have their humanity striped away from them during this stage of genocide.

Stages of Genocide: Extermination

The stage of genocide when the mass murders actually take place.

Neo-Malthusian School of Thought

This view about sustainability argues that the global population is growing too large to be sustained by the food we have available.

Anti-Malthusian School of Thought

Individuals with this viewpoint argue that humanity will address food shortages by coming up with new types of technology or innovations that will keep everyone fed.

Convention on Biological Diversity

This international regime was formed by a group of developed nations. Its goal is to find ways to protect natural resources and biodiversity through sustainable development.

Contemporary Slavery

This occurs when individuals are moved by force and then pressed into either prostitution or some other form of labor.

Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act

This law made human trafficking a federal crime. It also requires that a yearly report on global human trafficking be published by the Department of State.

Overpopulation

A problem that occurs when people live in such numbers that the resources in their area can't support them. This can be caused by a high global replacement rate.

Migration

The act of moving from your current location to a new location.

Pull Factors

These are circumstances that make people want to move to a new place for positive reasons. If you know you'll make twice as much in a new location, it could be an example of this.

Push Factors

People move away from their current homes to get away from these negative circumstances. For example, if you live next to a hog farm, the smell might be an example of this.

Security Dilemma / Spiral Model

A situation that occurs when one state raises its security and other states take similar steps in response, leading to an overall increase in tensions.

International Criminal Police Organization (Interpol)

This group can be seen as an international police force. It deals with a broad range of criminal acts.

Energy Efficiency

This is trying to save energy while maintaining the level of services that you use. This involves looking for ways that can better provide the energy service.

Energy Conservation

You try to save energy in this way by actually reducing the amount of energy that you use.

Renewable Energy

This type of energy can be replaced after it is used. Solar energy is an example of this.

Global Health Concerns

These are issues related to wellness that impact multiple countries. They may spread due to ethnic conflicts, economic issues and degradation of the environment.

Epidemic

We use this term for an illness that numerous individuals end up contracting.

Pandemic

We use this term when referring to an epidemic that impacts the global population over a long period of time.

Weapons Proliferation

The act of rapidly increasing the number of weapons that a country has.

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