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Introduction to Research Methods Flashcards

Introduction to Research Methods Flashcards
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Psychological measurements
Assessments conducted by a researcher to learn more about a person's characteristics
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Nonscientific research
Acquiring knowledge about the world in ways other than using the scientific method, like relying on tradition or intuition
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Basis of a parsimonious theory
Rational explanations
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Falsifiability
When the experiment's hypothesis can be proven false through research
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The first step in a research project
Developing a research question
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Why researchers conduct experiments and perform research
To confirm a hypothesis, to come up with new research topics, to determine the weaknesses of a previous study and to better understand our world
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Basic research
Type of research that is motivated by the need to increase and further knowledge
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Applied research
Research that can be directly applied to the world
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Scientific model
A substitution (model) of what is being predicted and studied
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Scientific research
The systematic investigation of theories and hypotheses
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20 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

Do you know the difference between experimental and non-experimental research? These flashcards will help you understand these and many other basic topics that can help you perform psychology research.

Additional Study

Please look at the following lessons for more information on the topics:

Studying with Flashcards

If you are a student studying for a big exam or a teacher looking for new ways to engage your students during class, you can use these flashcards. They will help you reach any kind of goals you have before you move on to more complex subjects.

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Scientific research
The systematic investigation of theories and hypotheses
Scientific model
A substitution (model) of what is being predicted and studied
Applied research
Research that can be directly applied to the world
Basic research
Type of research that is motivated by the need to increase and further knowledge
Why researchers conduct experiments and perform research
To confirm a hypothesis, to come up with new research topics, to determine the weaknesses of a previous study and to better understand our world
The first step in a research project
Developing a research question
Falsifiability
When the experiment's hypothesis can be proven false through research
Basis of a parsimonious theory
Rational explanations
Nonscientific research
Acquiring knowledge about the world in ways other than using the scientific method, like relying on tradition or intuition
Psychological measurements
Assessments conducted by a researcher to learn more about a person's characteristics
Experimental research
When a researcher manipulates variables and subjects to identify a relationship
Disadvantages of experimental research
Results that are produced in a lab may not be applicable in a real world setting
Qualitative research

Uses narrative descriptions, focuses on individuals, and is useful in new fields or in the study of unique interactions in populations

Explanatory research
Connects ideas to find out how they interact, which can help to determine cause and effect relationships
Replicability
Results are reliable and able to be repeated
Parsimony
Looking for the easiest way to explain scientific research
Field observation
When a researcher observes participants in a natural setting
Laboratory observation
When behavior is observed in a lab to mimic a natural environment
Non-experimental research
When a researcher cannot manipulate the variables in a study and must rely on interactions and observations
Placebo
Neutral treatment given to the non-experimental group

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