Jewish & Christian Art in Late Antiquity Flashcards

Jewish & Christian Art in Late Antiquity Flashcards
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Symbols in Early Christian Art: Orant

This refers to a figure with its arms lifted to pray. It was used in early Christian art.

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Symbols in Early Christian Art: Anchor

A symbol used by early Christian artists to represent hope. It also drew on imagery from the cross.

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Symbols in Early Christian Art: Dove

A bird used to symbolize the Holy Spirit and peace by early Christian artists.

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Symbols in Early Christian Art: Palm Branches

Early Christian artists used this to symbolize the victory of Christ.

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Symbols in Early Christian Art: Fish

This creature was frequently used in the art of early Christians because it was used to symbolize Jesus.

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The Vienna Genesis

An illuminated Bible made close to 500 CE. It illustrates a long sequence of events in a path using a naturalistic style. This technique uses a small space to tell a lot of story.

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Early Christian Art: Impact of Constantine

This King favored the Christian religion and encouraged the building of churches. Many of these buildings were filled with beautiful mosaics of stained glass.

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Early Christian Art: Frescoes

These paintings were done on wet plaster, often in catacombs. They weren't refined. Instead, they were simple, allegorical images.

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Early Christians: Use of Basilicas

This group used basilicas as places of meetings. These buildings had previously been used as meeting places and courthouses, so they were a good option.

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Dura-Europos: Frescoes

Many of these show scenes from the Torah. One shows David being anointed by Samuel. All the characters wore togas in the Roman style.

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Dura-Europos

This ancient city served as a fort for the Parthians. The Romans took it over and it also held a population of Jewish people.

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Torah Niche

An area found by archaeologists in the Dura-Europos synagogue. It helped with the identification of the building.

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24 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

You can work with these flashcards to go over the symbols commonly used in early Christian art. You'll be able to focus on the examples of Jewish art found in Dura-Europos. The purpose of the narthex in Christian churches is also addressed. Additionally, this set of flashcards can help you go over the following pieces of art:

  • The Vienna Genesis
  • Good Shepherd, Orants, and Story of Jonah
  • The Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus
Front
Back
Torah Niche

An area found by archaeologists in the Dura-Europos synagogue. It helped with the identification of the building.

Dura-Europos

This ancient city served as a fort for the Parthians. The Romans took it over and it also held a population of Jewish people.

Dura-Europos: Frescoes

Many of these show scenes from the Torah. One shows David being anointed by Samuel. All the characters wore togas in the Roman style.

Early Christians: Use of Basilicas

This group used basilicas as places of meetings. These buildings had previously been used as meeting places and courthouses, so they were a good option.

Early Christian Art: Frescoes

These paintings were done on wet plaster, often in catacombs. They weren't refined. Instead, they were simple, allegorical images.

Early Christian Art: Impact of Constantine

This King favored the Christian religion and encouraged the building of churches. Many of these buildings were filled with beautiful mosaics of stained glass.

The Vienna Genesis

An illuminated Bible made close to 500 CE. It illustrates a long sequence of events in a path using a naturalistic style. This technique uses a small space to tell a lot of story.

Symbols in Early Christian Art: Fish

This creature was frequently used in the art of early Christians because it was used to symbolize Jesus.

Symbols in Early Christian Art: Palm Branches

Early Christian artists used this to symbolize the victory of Christ.

Symbols in Early Christian Art: Dove

A bird used to symbolize the Holy Spirit and peace by early Christian artists.

Symbols in Early Christian Art: Anchor

A symbol used by early Christian artists to represent hope. It also drew on imagery from the cross.

Symbols in Early Christian Art: Orant

This refers to a figure with its arms lifted to pray. It was used in early Christian art.

Symbols in Early Christian Art: Peacock

The early Christians used this bird when they wanted to represent eternal life in their artwork.

Early Christian Art: Portrayals of Jesus

This religious figure was often shown as a good shepherd in the artwork found in early catacombs.

Good Shepherd, Orants, and Story of Jonah

A fresco from the Catacomb of Saints Peter and Marcellinus. It shows stories from the Old Testament uses early Christian symbols.

The Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus

This coffin was made using marble around 359 CE. Relief sculptures cover it showing biblical scenes, including the sacrifice of Isaac.

Late Antiquity

A time period that began in the 3rd century CE and ended around the 8th century. During this time, art shifted to focus more on religion.

Arch of Constantine

This construction in Rome is an example of the art style of the Late Antiquity period. It merged older styles with newer, simpler work.

Late Antiquity Art: Portrayals of Jesus

During this time period, artists shifted away from portraying this figure as a shepherd. Instead, he was often shown as an emperor.

Narthex

This space is found in a Christian church's western entrance. It was sometimes an enclosed porch.

Hagia Sophia

A church in Constantinople that was constructed during the 6th century. Its builders utilized the early Christian embrace of Eastern artistic traditions.

Hagia Sophia: Narthex

This area of the church is found outside the nave, though it is inside the church. It is very wide and built in the Byzantine style.

Basilica of Sant'Ambrogio: Narthex

This space in the Basilica of Sant'Ambrogio is uncovered. It is found within the walls of the church, outside of the nave.

Martyrs

These steadfast Christians who refused to deny their religion in the face of death were often buried in catacombs built by the early Christians.

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