Literature of the Enlightenment Flashcards

Literature of the Enlightenment Flashcards
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Adam Smith
This Scottish philosopher integrated enlightenment values to economics, supporting free markets and low government oversight.
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Mary Wollstonecraft's A Vindication of the Rights of Woman

This work focused on the need to educate women for three main reasons:

They needed to be able to teach children

They were men's colleagues or co-workers

Education was a basic right

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Similarities Between Mary Wollstonecraft and William Godwin
Both of these creators developed works that valued reason or logic above emotional responses.
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The Great Awakening
This term describes a religious movement that pushed back against the rise of philosophy and science in the Age of Reason. Jonathan Edwards was influential in this movement.
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Metaphysical Poetry
A type of poetry that is characterized by lengthy, drawn-out metaphors and complicated wording. John Donne wrote poetry in this style.
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Restoration Era
The literary period that began after King Charles II returned to the English throne, ending the rule of the Puritans in England
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Renaissance Era
A time period in which playwrights William Shakespeare and Ben Jonson wrote. It also saw the emergence of metaphysical poetry, such as the works of John Donne.
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Neoclassical Era
This literary era saw an increase in popularity for the novel. Poems and essays were also popular forms of literary expression in this time.
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Poor Richard's Almanack by Benjamin Franklin
These publications are famous for including Franklin's aphorisms, or clever, short observations concerning everyday life. They also included a calendar and planting schedule.
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18 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

This set of flashcards can help you go over the works of Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Paine, Mary Wollstonecraft, Immanuel Kant, John Locke, and more. You'll be able to review the literary, political, and scientific works completed during the Enlightenment.

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Poor Richard's Almanack by Benjamin Franklin
These publications are famous for including Franklin's aphorisms, or clever, short observations concerning everyday life. They also included a calendar and planting schedule.
Neoclassical Era
This literary era saw an increase in popularity for the novel. Poems and essays were also popular forms of literary expression in this time.
Renaissance Era
A time period in which playwrights William Shakespeare and Ben Jonson wrote. It also saw the emergence of metaphysical poetry, such as the works of John Donne.
Restoration Era
The literary period that began after King Charles II returned to the English throne, ending the rule of the Puritans in England
Metaphysical Poetry
A type of poetry that is characterized by lengthy, drawn-out metaphors and complicated wording. John Donne wrote poetry in this style.
The Great Awakening
This term describes a religious movement that pushed back against the rise of philosophy and science in the Age of Reason. Jonathan Edwards was influential in this movement.
Similarities Between Mary Wollstonecraft and William Godwin
Both of these creators developed works that valued reason or logic above emotional responses.
Mary Wollstonecraft's A Vindication of the Rights of Woman

This work focused on the need to educate women for three main reasons:

They needed to be able to teach children

They were men's colleagues or co-workers

Education was a basic right

Adam Smith
This Scottish philosopher integrated enlightenment values to economics, supporting free markets and low government oversight.
Immanuel Kant
An Enlightenment thinker who tried to incorporate the principles of his day to politics and individual rights. He also defined the Age of Enlightenment before anyone else.
René Descartes
A prominent French philosopher during the Enlightenment credited with saying, 'I think, therefore I am'
Isaac Newton
A scientist who developed important theories related to gravity during the Enlightenment. He wrote the influential Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy.
Denis Diderot
He, along with Jean le Rond d'Alembert, chronicled the scientific discoveries, new ideas concerning industry, and other advances in knowledge in their well-known work, the Encyclopédie.
Baron de Montesquieu
He wrote The Spirit of Laws during the Enlightenment, which tried to determine the foundation of law.
John Locke
This man crafted the social contract theory. This theory states that rulers only have power if those they rule allow it, not through divine means.
Movements that Led to the Enlightenment
The Scientific Revolution
The Reformation
The Renaissance
Common Sense by Thomas Paine
Nonfictional work asserting that Americans should fight for independence. It also states that monarchy denies equality, it outlines ideas for government, and advocates an American military.
Meaning of the phrase 'the summer soldier and the sunshine patriot'
Paine used this phrase to describe Americans who were only willing to fight when it was easy or convenient.

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