Memory in Psychology Flashcards

Memory in Psychology Flashcards
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Retrieval of short-term memory information is _____.
Sequential
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Recalling information that is stored in memory.
Retrieval
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The three sections of the brain involved in the process of memory.

1. Hippocampus

2. Thalamus

3. Amygdala

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Semantic Form of Encoding
The person associates or assigns feelings to the information in order to remember the information.
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Acoustic Form of Encoding
The person places the information in memory via a sound.
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Visual Form of Encoding
The person remembers information by visually looking at it. For example, the person remembers a phone number by looking at it.
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Long-Term Memory (LTM)
The key to storing information in this longer memory is repetition.
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Short-Term Memory (STM)
Only 5-9 items can be stored in the memory. The duration of the stored memory is approximately 30 seconds.
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Storing Information
Information is saved in Short-Term Memory (STM) or Long-Term Memory (LTM) for later use.
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Encoding
The first stage in the memory process, this stage involves visual, acoustic, and semantic processes.
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3 Stages in the Memory Process
The three stages in the memory process are 'encoding', 'storage', and 'retrieval'.
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Memory
A process of storing information that can be recalled.
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25 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

Memories - some are pleasant and bring smiles to our faces, while others make us sad. How are these memories created and stored? Are all memories accurate? Can a memory be 'implanted' into your brain? With this set of flashcards, you will review concepts pertaining to 'Memory', 'Flashbulb Memory', and 'False Memory'.

Front
Back
Memory
A process of storing information that can be recalled.
3 Stages in the Memory Process
The three stages in the memory process are 'encoding', 'storage', and 'retrieval'.
Encoding
The first stage in the memory process, this stage involves visual, acoustic, and semantic processes.
Storing Information
Information is saved in Short-Term Memory (STM) or Long-Term Memory (LTM) for later use.
Short-Term Memory (STM)
Only 5-9 items can be stored in the memory. The duration of the stored memory is approximately 30 seconds.
Long-Term Memory (LTM)
The key to storing information in this longer memory is repetition.
Visual Form of Encoding
The person remembers information by visually looking at it. For example, the person remembers a phone number by looking at it.
Acoustic Form of Encoding
The person places the information in memory via a sound.
Semantic Form of Encoding
The person associates or assigns feelings to the information in order to remember the information.
The three sections of the brain involved in the process of memory.

1. Hippocampus

2. Thalamus

3. Amygdala

Recalling information that is stored in memory.
Retrieval
Retrieval of short-term memory information is _____.
Sequential
Retrieval of information from long-term memory is based on _____.
Association
Involves extreme emotions and creates a memory of learning about an event but not the event itself.
Flashbulb Memories
Flashbulb memories that relate specifically to you.
Autobiographical Memories
Clarity of a memory is dependent on these five things.

1. Where you were

2. Activity

3. Who told you

4. Affect

5. Aftermath

Although flashbulb memories can be recalled with greater clarity than other memories, flashbulb memories may not be as _____.
Accurate
Type of memory that is not accurate. The event did not actually occur.
False Memory
A person can suffer issues and disorders based on a false memory. This is called _____.
False Memory Syndrome
A psychologist who has conducted several studies on false memories.
Elizabeth Loftus
_____ is one way false memories are developed because you presume something is going to happen or exist.
Expectation
The _____ of a false memory is dependent upon trust and a build up of suggestions.
Complexity
Organization whose purpose is to provide evidence pertaining to the malpractice of therapists.
False Memory Syndrome Foundation
Two types of memory.

1. Short-Term Memory (STM)

2. Long-Term Memory (LTM)

A more complex method of implanting memories is to suggest credible situations occurred and to support this suggestion with outside _____.
Sources

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