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Mesopotamian Art Flashcards

Mesopotamian Art Flashcards
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Ziggurat

A building with multiple levels that was most often used as a temple. In Assyria, the top level was supposed to serve as a place for a specific deity to rest.

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Sumerian Art: Great Ziggurat of Ur

This was constructed close to 2100 BC. This temple was 100 feet tall when first constructed and was dedicated to the worship of Nanna, the moon goddess.

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Akkadian Art: Statue of Gudea

This shows a king carved in the ancient Sumerian style to look calm and motionless. This style also shows in the statue's lack of realism.

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Akkadian Art: Victory Stele of Naram-Sin

A stone monument that is around eight feet in height. It uses relief carvings to depict an Akkadian king defeating his rivals.

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Akkadian Art: Depiction of Kings

This culture often represented its rulers in dynamic poses, emphasizing the culture's power. They were frequently shown as they took part in battle.

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Uruk

An early city in Mesopotamia. It is famous because the earliest examples of writing were found in it. This writing was used to track the inventory of a temple.

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Orthostats

Stone slabs placed at a wall's base in buildings constructed by the Assyrians. They were the only people to use these slabs.

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Babylonian Art: Clay

This substance was available in large quantities during the early days of the Babylonian civilization. For this reason it was widely used in this time period.

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Babylonian Art: Hanging Gardens of Babylon

A series of balconies and terraces that provided space for plants and vines to grow, leading to lots of greenery in the city. Called one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.

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Babylonian Art: Ishtar Gate

Nebuchadnezzar ordered this structure built to show the world their power and cultural advances. It showed cattle and lions and was glazed. Lapis lazuli covered it.

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Babylonian Art: Code of Hammurabi

A set of laws developed by a Babylonian king as part of the first legal system in the world. Portions of this were often copied, both engraved and in relief, onto cylindrical stones, or steles.

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23 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

Working with this set of flashcards can give you the chance to focus on the art of the following cultures:

  • Babylonian
  • Sumerian
  • Akkadian

You'll be able to review the characteristics of the ziggurats, free-standing sculptures, and reliefs created by Mesopotamian culture. Specific pieces of art, such as the Victory Stele of Naram-Sin and the Ishtar Gate are also covered by this set.

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Babylonian Art: Code of Hammurabi

A set of laws developed by a Babylonian king as part of the first legal system in the world. Portions of this were often copied, both engraved and in relief, onto cylindrical stones, or steles.

Babylonian Art: Ishtar Gate

Nebuchadnezzar ordered this structure built to show the world their power and cultural advances. It showed cattle and lions and was glazed. Lapis lazuli covered it.

Babylonian Art: Hanging Gardens of Babylon

A series of balconies and terraces that provided space for plants and vines to grow, leading to lots of greenery in the city. Called one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.

Babylonian Art: Clay

This substance was available in large quantities during the early days of the Babylonian civilization. For this reason it was widely used in this time period.

Orthostats

Stone slabs placed at a wall's base in buildings constructed by the Assyrians. They were the only people to use these slabs.

Uruk

An early city in Mesopotamia. It is famous because the earliest examples of writing were found in it. This writing was used to track the inventory of a temple.

Akkadian Art: Depiction of Kings

This culture often represented its rulers in dynamic poses, emphasizing the culture's power. They were frequently shown as they took part in battle.

Akkadian Art: Victory Stele of Naram-Sin

A stone monument that is around eight feet in height. It uses relief carvings to depict an Akkadian king defeating his rivals.

Akkadian Art: Statue of Gudea

This shows a king carved in the ancient Sumerian style to look calm and motionless. This style also shows in the statue's lack of realism.

Sumerian Art: Great Ziggurat of Ur

This was constructed close to 2100 BC. This temple was 100 feet tall when first constructed and was dedicated to the worship of Nanna, the moon goddess.

Ziggurat

A building with multiple levels that was most often used as a temple. In Assyria, the top level was supposed to serve as a place for a specific deity to rest.

Sumerian Art: Standard of Ur

This artifact is made of wooden fragments holding mosaics that show people of every walk of life. It gives researches an idea of what the region's culture was like.

Sumerian Art: Statues

These pieces of art were made of marble, with insets at the eyes to hold stones. They were made at different heights, with a hierarchy of importance. Gods got the tallest of these.

Anthropomorphic Art

Art that mixes the traits of animals and people. This is found in Mesopotamian art because these peoples thought you gained power by drawing on animal traits.

Mesopotamian Art: Depiction of Kings

These cultures generally portrayed their rulers as larger than life. They were also given exaggerated physical features to show their strength.

Mesopotamian Art: Free-Standing Statues

These carvings stood on their own, without being connected to walls or panels. Artists in Mesopotamia created a lot of these.

Mesopotamian Art: Reliefs

A type of carving that is created so that it stands away from the background of a larger panel. This kind of art was very commonly created in Mesopotamia.

Ancient Near East Art: Characteristics

Focused on relationship between the gods and man

Political

Artistic skill and technique valued over imagination

Use of animals and realist human imagery

Expressed in relief carvings

Cuneiform

This early form of writing is attributed to the Sumerians.

Assyrian Art

This culture enjoyed much prosperity after they came into power after the Babylonians. Their art reflected and boasted their wealth and power.

Frieze of Archers

A Persian relief, this piece reflected motifs borrowed from the Greeks and a willingness to experiment with new ways of creating art.

Votive Figures

Small shell, gypsum, or limestone figurines of women and men in the attitude of prayer used to help worshipers focus on their prayers.

Ancient Near East Art: Materials

Shell

Metal

Stone

Ivory

Glass/Ceramic

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