Modern Western Civilization Flashcards

Modern Western Civilization Flashcards
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Glasnost
Glasnost was a policy implemented by Mikhail Gorbachev during the 1980s, which allowed other political parties to run for office, freed political prisoners, and removed censorship of the press.
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The Marshall Plan
The Marshall Plan was an American framework to reinvigorate the European and global economy, by providing monetary aid to the war-torn nations of the Second World War.
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The Revolutions of 1989
The Revolutions of 1989 began in Poland and spread across Europe, in opposition to communist government rule. They led to the fall of the Berlin Wall and the collapse of the Soviet Union.
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The Iron Curtain
The Iron Curtain, or Warsaw Pact, was the coalition of communist countries that emerged in Eastern Europe after World War II. Its most visible manifestation was the Berlin Wall.
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The Berlin Wall
The Berlin Wall was a physical manifestation of the Iron Curtain built by Communist East Germany in 1961 to prevent its citizens from fleeing to the West. The Wall was brought down in 1989.
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The Potsdam Conference
The beginning of the Cold War is associated with the Potsdam Conference, during the summer of 1945. The meeting was intended to discuss the realignment of Europe after World War II.
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Zionism
The belief that the Jewish people should return to the Holy Land, and establish a state centered upon Judaism.
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14 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

This set of flashcards covers a broad period of world history from the mid to late twentieth century, analyzing this epoch through a variety of perspectives. The cards cover important ideologies and policies that developed following World War II, including Zionism, containment, the Marshall Plan, glasnost, perestroika, and feminism. Likewise, it covers pivotal post-World War II events, such as the Potsdam Conference, the Revolutions of 1989, and the collapse of the Soviet Union.

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Zionism
The belief that the Jewish people should return to the Holy Land, and establish a state centered upon Judaism.
The Potsdam Conference
The beginning of the Cold War is associated with the Potsdam Conference, during the summer of 1945. The meeting was intended to discuss the realignment of Europe after World War II.
The Berlin Wall
The Berlin Wall was a physical manifestation of the Iron Curtain built by Communist East Germany in 1961 to prevent its citizens from fleeing to the West. The Wall was brought down in 1989.
The Iron Curtain
The Iron Curtain, or Warsaw Pact, was the coalition of communist countries that emerged in Eastern Europe after World War II. Its most visible manifestation was the Berlin Wall.
The Revolutions of 1989
The Revolutions of 1989 began in Poland and spread across Europe, in opposition to communist government rule. They led to the fall of the Berlin Wall and the collapse of the Soviet Union.
The Marshall Plan
The Marshall Plan was an American framework to reinvigorate the European and global economy, by providing monetary aid to the war-torn nations of the Second World War.
Glasnost
Glasnost was a policy implemented by Mikhail Gorbachev during the 1980s, which allowed other political parties to run for office, freed political prisoners, and removed censorship of the press.
Perestroika
Perestroika was a policy implemented by Mikhail Gorbachev during the 1980s, which attempted to tackle the many economic problems the Soviet Union faced.
Containment
Containment was a policy implemented by the United States to combat the Soviet Union and the spread of communism to nearby nations. It was approved by President Harry Truman in 1947.
Opposition to Vietnam War involvement
During the 1960s and 1970s, U.S. student movements emerged in opposition to U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War, mainly due to the lack of potential benefits for domestic society.
Women's Liberation
A grassroots feminist movement which began in the 1960s to encourage positive changes for women in Western society.
Decolonization
A process inspired by the desire for national self-determination, or self-rule, which challenged colonial power from Africa, to South America, to Asia, to the Middle East.
Birth of the European Union (EU)
Based on political and economic ties between European nations, the EU had its origins in the creations of European Coal and Steel Community in 1951 and the European Economic Community in 1957.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
Commonly known as NATO, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization is a military alliance of Western nations formed after World War II.

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