Motivation in the Workplace Flashcards

Motivation in the Workplace Flashcards
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Factors that lead to motivation in employees

Social status

Achievements

Fear

Power

Growth

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Locke's Goal-Setting Theory
A motivational theory asserting that employees need goals to challenge them and correct tools to reach these goals. If also provided with useful feedback, employee satisfaction will increase.
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Organizational success
Managers can use this strategy to give their employees a feeling of ownership about their work. It involves allowing employees to come up with ideas and giving them authority over projects.
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Purpose of employee motivation theories
These theories can help managers learn how to raise employee production and get their employees to put in more effort on the job.
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Herzberg's Two-Factor Theory
A motivational theory that states that employees motivation is controlled by hygiene factors and employee motivators or satisfiers
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Hygiene Factors in Herzberg's Two-Factor Theory
These factors must be present in a business environment or employees will begin to feel dissatisfied. They can include job security and proper compensation.
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Inequality in Reward
An issue that occurs if employees in a business are not rewarded on a fair basis, such as when two employees complete the same work but are rewarded differently.
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The Acquired Needs Theory
This theory was developed by David McClelland and asserts that individuals can experience motivation due to achievement, affiliation or power.
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17 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

Use the cards in this set to go over Thorndike's reinforcement theory, Vroom's expectancy theory, Locke's goal-setting theory, Herzberg's two-factor theory and the acquired needs theory. These flashcards also review the Pygmalion effect and both intrinsic and extrinsic employee rewards.

Front
Back
The Acquired Needs Theory
This theory was developed by David McClelland and asserts that individuals can experience motivation due to achievement, affiliation or power.
Inequality in Reward
An issue that occurs if employees in a business are not rewarded on a fair basis, such as when two employees complete the same work but are rewarded differently.
Hygiene Factors in Herzberg's Two-Factor Theory
These factors must be present in a business environment or employees will begin to feel dissatisfied. They can include job security and proper compensation.
Herzberg's Two-Factor Theory
A motivational theory that states that employees motivation is controlled by hygiene factors and employee motivators or satisfiers
Purpose of employee motivation theories
These theories can help managers learn how to raise employee production and get their employees to put in more effort on the job.
Organizational success
Managers can use this strategy to give their employees a feeling of ownership about their work. It involves allowing employees to come up with ideas and giving them authority over projects.
Locke's Goal-Setting Theory
A motivational theory asserting that employees need goals to challenge them and correct tools to reach these goals. If also provided with useful feedback, employee satisfaction will increase.
Factors that lead to motivation in employees

Social status

Achievements

Fear

Power

Growth

Ways managers can motivate employees
This task can be accomplished by providing employee rewards, opportunities for job growth, promotions and increased opportunities to take more responsibility.
Intrinsic Rewards
These rewards occur inside of an individual and can include satisfaction with a job well done.
Extrinsic Rewards
Rewards of this type are tangible and exist outside of an individual. Examples include raises or special bonuses.
The Pygmalion Effect
This occurs when individuals change how they act in order to meet a stated expectation. Managers can use this effect if they tell employees how they expect them to act in the future.
Principles of the Pygmalion Effect

An expectation is learned or created

Managers convey the expectation

Employees change their behavior to line up with expectations

The expectation comes to pass

Employee fulfillment of the Pygmalion Effect
This occurs when employees listen to the expectations of management and then shift the way they work in order to fulfill these expectations.
Thorndike's Reinforcement Theory
A theory of motivation that focuses on changing behaviors by administering positive and negative consequences based on the way an individual acts
Ways for managers to increase employee productivity

Improve the employee reward system

Clarify expectations about employee rewards for greater efforts

Try to improve jobs by redesigning them

Vroom's Expectancy Theory
You could use this theory to improve employee performance by offering special rewards to those employees who reach your performance goals.

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