Multicultural Counseling Flashcards

Multicultural Counseling Flashcards
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Cultural Example: Koro
Found in China and parts of Vietnam, men believe their penises are retracting into their body and they will die when it completely disappears.
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Cultural Example: Eating Disorders
Primarily a concern in Western cultures which push thinness as a beauty ideal, eating disorders are rare in societies with scarce food resources.
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Society
The cultural and communal group in which a person is raised. This is the environment where non-congenital, psychological disorders arise.
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Multicultural Theory of Abnormal Psychology
Recognizes that psychological studies are historically based on Western cultures, personal psychology occurs within a cultural framework, and cultural sensitivity is needed for diverse clients.
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Preparation Method for Multicultural Counseling: Discover Background
When treating a new client, learn about their background to understand how that may impact their situation as well as to eliminate any misconceptions or stereotypes.
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Preparation Method for Multicultural Counseling: Self-Discovery
This step involves asking oneself probing questions to identify any personal prejudices as well as to identify and accept there may be groups that are personally difficult to treat.
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Preparation Method for Multicultural Counseling: Preparation
There are many ways to prepare, including background research on cultures in the community, participate in multicultural activities, and join groups with multicultural membership.
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Preparation Method for Multicultural Counseling: Appreciate Differences
First step in successful multicultural counseling, the counselor accepts that there are differences between their client's experiences and values and their own, careful not to stereotype them.
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Multicultural Counseling
Urges mental health providers to be aware of cultural differences between them and their clients and treat clients in a manner sensitive to, and within the context of, their specific culture.
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Multicultural Awareness
The practice of understanding and being sensitive to the cultural differences of diverse groups of people in order to better serve them.
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21 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

Imagine you just started working as a counselor and you have patients of different ethnic backgrounds, genders, or other diverse backgrounds. You may notice that they have very different concerns, ways of communicating their issues, or may even seem reluctant to speak with you about certain problems. This is the basic problem counselors face when working with a diverse pool of clients. How do you offer them the best care? You need to understand where they are coming from, what is important to their lives, and make them feel comfortable and understood.

Whether you are studying the basics of counseling for a class or you are preparing to work in a multicultural counseling environment, this set of flashcards will help you to better understand the basic issues, concepts, challenges, and preparation needed to succeed. Additionally, some examples of culture-specific disorders and culturally-based expressions of common issues will help put some of the principles of multicultural counseling in context.

Front
Back
Multicultural Awareness
The practice of understanding and being sensitive to the cultural differences of diverse groups of people in order to better serve them.
Multicultural Counseling
Urges mental health providers to be aware of cultural differences between them and their clients and treat clients in a manner sensitive to, and within the context of, their specific culture.
Preparation Method for Multicultural Counseling: Appreciate Differences
First step in successful multicultural counseling, the counselor accepts that there are differences between their client's experiences and values and their own, careful not to stereotype them.
Preparation Method for Multicultural Counseling: Preparation
There are many ways to prepare, including background research on cultures in the community, participate in multicultural activities, and join groups with multicultural membership.
Preparation Method for Multicultural Counseling: Self-Discovery
This step involves asking oneself probing questions to identify any personal prejudices as well as to identify and accept there may be groups that are personally difficult to treat.
Preparation Method for Multicultural Counseling: Discover Background
When treating a new client, learn about their background to understand how that may impact their situation as well as to eliminate any misconceptions or stereotypes.
Multicultural Theory of Abnormal Psychology
Recognizes that psychological studies are historically based on Western cultures, personal psychology occurs within a cultural framework, and cultural sensitivity is needed for diverse clients.
Society
The cultural and communal group in which a person is raised. This is the environment where non-congenital, psychological disorders arise.
Cultural Example: Eating Disorders
Primarily a concern in Western cultures which push thinness as a beauty ideal, eating disorders are rare in societies with scarce food resources.
Cultural Example: Koro
Found in China and parts of Vietnam, men believe their penises are retracting into their body and they will die when it completely disappears.
Cultural Example: Taijin Kyofusho
Found in Japan, patients with this disorder obsessively worry about body odor or physical appearance embarrassing and offending other people.
Counseling Across Genders
Refers to gender differences between a counselor and their client requiring awareness and sensitivity to those differences and how the client might be uncomfortable discussing certain issues.
Challenges of Counseling Across Genders
Some clients may be uncomfortable discussing issue with a counselor of a different gender, particularly a history of sexual assault.
Subculture
Sub-set of the larger culture, these groups retain elements of the wider group yet have specific customs of their own. Examples include the Amish, hippies, rockers, etc.
Multiculturalism
Respect for cultural uniqueness and preservation of its traditions within the larger culture.
Mourning Rituals
Grief counseling entails knowing that different cultures express grief differently. Some outwardly show emotion, some remain stoic, and others celebrate the life of the deceased.
Culture
Simply put, it is all the practices and beliefs of a society in which one lives or where they originated.
Native American Mourning Rituals
With great variation between tribes, Native American mourning rituals often celebrate the deceased person reuniting with nature.
Asian Mourning Rituals
Many Asian cultures refrain from showy displays of emotion, remaining quiet and introspective as a sign of respect.
Cross-Cultural Psychology
Awareness of, and study of, how a person's cultural background can affect their mind and behavior.
International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology
Established in 1972, the organization promotes the study of mental health within the context of a person's cultural values and practices.

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