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Music & Thought Expression from 1800-Present Flashcards

Music & Thought Expression from 1800-Present Flashcards
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Utility
Represented usefulness to Mill. He wrote about it in this passage, '(A)ctions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness; wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness.'
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Harm Principle
Mill developed this idea of how people should treat others. He referred to it as he wrote, 'The sole end for which mankind are warranted … in interfering with the liberty … is self-protection.'
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John Ruskin
This Victorian wrote about a variety of topics. He said that art needs to make a statement about the world and argued against the competition found in capitalism, preferring a fixed-wage system.
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Jazz Music
A type of music first developed in the early 20th century that remains popular today. Saxophones and trombones are often used in this style of music.
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Important Early Jazz Musicians

Charlie Parker

Louis Armstrong

Cole Porter

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John Locke
A philosopher who believed that humans were born with minds that were blank.
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Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
This German philosopher thought that knowledge was mainly drawn from reason, much like Descartes. He asserted that our mind was immaterial.
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Empiricism
Individuals who follow this philosophical approach believe that we learn based on experiences that we can understand with our senses.
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Rationalism
A way of looking at the world that states that we learn and determine truth through reason. Descartes and Leibniz followed this philosophy.
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Modern Era Composers
These composers pushed their craft forward by mixing elements of high art, such as opera, with aspects of low art, such as jazz. Composers include Gershwin, Bernstein, Stravinksy and Copland.
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21 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

The flashcards contained in this set can help you review the important composers associated with Jazz music, modern theater and the transition from the Romantic period to the Modern period of music. You can also access flashcards that cover philosophers and thinkers such as John Stuart Mill, John Ruskin, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz and Descartes.

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Modern Era Composers
These composers pushed their craft forward by mixing elements of high art, such as opera, with aspects of low art, such as jazz. Composers include Gershwin, Bernstein, Stravinksy and Copland.
Rationalism
A way of looking at the world that states that we learn and determine truth through reason. Descartes and Leibniz followed this philosophy.
Empiricism
Individuals who follow this philosophical approach believe that we learn based on experiences that we can understand with our senses.
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
This German philosopher thought that knowledge was mainly drawn from reason, much like Descartes. He asserted that our mind was immaterial.
John Locke
A philosopher who believed that humans were born with minds that were blank.
Important Early Jazz Musicians

Charlie Parker

Louis Armstrong

Cole Porter

Jazz Music
A type of music first developed in the early 20th century that remains popular today. Saxophones and trombones are often used in this style of music.
John Ruskin
This Victorian wrote about a variety of topics. He said that art needs to make a statement about the world and argued against the competition found in capitalism, preferring a fixed-wage system.
Harm Principle
Mill developed this idea of how people should treat others. He referred to it as he wrote, 'The sole end for which mankind are warranted … in interfering with the liberty … is self-protection.'
Utility
Represented usefulness to Mill. He wrote about it in this passage, '(A)ctions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness; wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness.'
Naturalism
A philosophical viewpoint that states that all that we can know is contained without the empirical world.
Anti-Institutionalism
A belief that many social institutions don't properly follow naturalistic principles and should be resisted.
John Stuart Mill
A philosopher who worked in many aspects of philosophy, including utilitarianism.
Musicians involved in the change in music from the late-Romantic period to the Modern period

Claude Debussy

Béla Bartók

Gustav Mahler

Polytonality
This term refers to the simultaneous use of at least two keys in a musical composition. Stravinsky was known for using this in his music.
Atonality
A term used to describe compositions that have no musical key.
Igor Stravinsky
A ballet composer from Russia who was always experimenting and trying to widen the scope of theater.
Aaron Copland
This American composer created ballets that focused on American characters and folk heroes. He sometimes used atonality in his works.
René Descartes
A French thinker who is sometimes credited and modern philosophy's founder. He believed that reason led to knowledge, much like Leibniz.
Late-Romantic Period in Music
This musical period lasted from about 1850-1900 and contained a lot of musical transitions. Music in this period dealt with subjective emotions.
Modern Period in Music
The 20th century contained this musical period, which saw increased freedom in musical compositions.

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