Neurology Terms Flashcards

Neurology Terms Flashcards
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Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
This procedure requires doctors to use radio waves and magnetic fields to generate an image of something inside a patient. It can be used in neurology.
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Myelography
A procedure that involves taking x-rays of a patient's spinal cord after injecting dyes into the surrounding area. Doctors use this to identify spinal cord tumors, spinal stenosis, and more.
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Hydrocephalus
When this medical ailment occurs, water builds up in a patient's brain cavities. It can be detected with echoencephalography.
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Hematomas
This refers to bleeding within a body tissue. It can occur in our brains.
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Echoencephalography
This test can create images of a patient's brain with the use of sound waves. It may be used to find hematomas, tumors, and other issues.
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Myel/o
This root word is associated with the spinal cord.
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Encephal/o
A root word that indicates a medical test is related to the brain.
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Neurological Condition
A medical condition that impacts the nervous system of a patient.
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17 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

Review information about neurology, neurologists and neurological conditions by checking out the flashcards in this set. You'll be able to focus on the definitions of the nervous system and neurons. These cards can also help you go over these neurological procedures:

  • Echoencephalography
  • Myelography
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
  • Computerized Tomography (CT Scan)
  • Carotid Ultrasonography
  • Electroencephalography (EEG)
  • Lumbar Puncture (LP) / Spinal Tap
Front
Back
Neurological Condition
A medical condition that impacts the nervous system of a patient.
Encephal/o
A root word that indicates a medical test is related to the brain.
Myel/o
This root word is associated with the spinal cord.
Echoencephalography
This test can create images of a patient's brain with the use of sound waves. It may be used to find hematomas, tumors, and other issues.
Hematomas
This refers to bleeding within a body tissue. It can occur in our brains.
Hydrocephalus
When this medical ailment occurs, water builds up in a patient's brain cavities. It can be detected with echoencephalography.
Myelography
A procedure that involves taking x-rays of a patient's spinal cord after injecting dyes into the surrounding area. Doctors use this to identify spinal cord tumors, spinal stenosis, and more.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
This procedure requires doctors to use radio waves and magnetic fields to generate an image of something inside a patient. It can be used in neurology.
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
A type of MRI specifically used for the diagnosis of seizures and Alzheimer's disease. It can also help doctors tell brain tumors from dead areas of brain tissue.
Computerized Tomography (CT Scan)
Doctors can use this scan when diagnosing issues like strokes and tumors. It involves creating a 3-D image through the use of several x-rays.
Carotid Ultrasonography
A procedure that uses sound waves to provide images of the arteries in a patient's neck. Because these arteries supply the brain with blood, this test is sometimes used in neurology.
Electroencephalography (EEG)
A neurological procedure that tracks the brain's electrical activity through electrodes. It can show active areas of the brain and may identify seizure disorders.
Lumbar Puncture (LP) / Spinal Tap
Doctors use this to see if a patient has certain infections, tumors, or bleeding within their spinal cord area. They do this by sliding a syringe between lower back vertebrae.
Nervous System
This body system contains the tissue that move electrochemical signals through our bodies. Our brain and nerves are part of this system.
Neurons
The cells that carry signals through your nervous system. They are covered by a layer of protection called a myelin sheath.
Neurology
This field of medicine is focused on the nervous system. It looks at the structure and function of this system, as well as the diseases that affect it.
Neurologist
An individual who practices in the medical field of neurology. He or she can diagnose and provide treatment for ailments that involve the nervous system.

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