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Neurotransmitters List & Flashcards

Neurotransmitters List & Flashcards
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Histamine
This type of excitatory neurotransmitter is found in our tissues and is responsible for feeling pain or itching.
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Dopamine
This is a type of excitatory as well as an inhibitory neurotransmitter that is mainly found in the brain and spinal cord. Dopamine controls your ability to focus.
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Epinephrine
This type of excitatory neurotransmitter is found mainly in the blood and body organs. This neurotransmitter controls stress and is what is called the flight or fight hormone.
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Norepinephrine
This type of excitatory neurotransmitter is found mainly in the brain and spinal cord and controls your mood. Low levels can cause low energy while high levels can cause anxiety problems.
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Glutamate
This type of excitatory neurotransmitter is found mainly in the brain and controls brain and memory function.
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Excitatory Neurotransmitters
When a neuron is struck with this type of neurotransmitter is excites or makes the neuron become active.
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Neurotransmitters
Chemicals in the brain that transfer signals in the body to control certain functions. These signals are passed on through nerve cells or neurons.
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In this set of flashcards you will learn how the brain communicates with the rest of the body so that the body is in balance regarding how you can adapt to stress, pain, and your ability to think clearly. This is accomplished by chemicals in the brain called neurotransmitters that send messages to neurons in different parts of the body. There are of two types: excitatory and inhibitory. You will also become familiar with examples of these types of neurotransmitters and their function.

Front
Back
Neurotransmitters
Chemicals in the brain that transfer signals in the body to control certain functions. These signals are passed on through nerve cells or neurons.
Excitatory Neurotransmitters
When a neuron is struck with this type of neurotransmitter is excites or makes the neuron become active.
Glutamate
This type of excitatory neurotransmitter is found mainly in the brain and controls brain and memory function.
Norepinephrine
This type of excitatory neurotransmitter is found mainly in the brain and spinal cord and controls your mood. Low levels can cause low energy while high levels can cause anxiety problems.
Epinephrine
This type of excitatory neurotransmitter is found mainly in the blood and body organs. This neurotransmitter controls stress and is what is called the flight or fight hormone.
Dopamine
This is a type of excitatory as well as an inhibitory neurotransmitter that is mainly found in the brain and spinal cord. Dopamine controls your ability to focus.
Histamine
This type of excitatory neurotransmitter is found in our tissues and is responsible for feeling pain or itching.
Inhibitory Neurotransmitter
This type of neurotransmitter does not cause a neuron to be active when it is struck.
Serotonin
This type of inhibitory neurotransmitter is mainly found in the brain and intestines and regulates our mood. Symptoms associated with a deficiency include depression and schizophrenia.
Gamma Amino Benzoic Acid (GABA)
This type of inhibitory neurotransmitter is found mainly in the brain affecting nerve function and muscle tone. It is known to control convulsions or epilepsy.
Aspartate
This type of excitatory neurotransmitter is found mainly in the spinal cord and is known to control fatigue and depression.
Glycine
This type of inhibitory neurotransmitter is mainly found in the spinal cord that deals with motor and vision functions.
Carbon Monoxide
A neurotransmitter that is known to be associated with hypertension and inflammation. Its known properties have been shown to prevent certain diseases such as malaria.
Hydrogen Sulfide
This neurotransmitter is mainly found in the brain and acts as a vasodilator preventing cardiovascular disease in some cases .
Nitric Oxide
This neurotransmitter acts as a vasodilator and plays a key role in controlling blood pressure and blood flow.

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