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Oedipus Rex Character List & Flashcards

Oedipus Rex Character List & Flashcards
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Eteocles

ih-tee-uh-kleez

One of Oedipus' two sons by Jocasta, his story is told later. He refused to share the throne with his brother after their father's exile, leading to battle and his death by his brother's hand.
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Oracle at Delphi

(awr-uh-kuh l) (at) (del-fahy)

Fortune teller of the god Apollo, she was so gifted with prophecy that people throughout the Mediterranean sought her council. She told of Oedipus' fate to kill his father and marry his mother.
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Ismene

iz-mey-nee

Youngest daughter of Oedipus and Jocasta, her character develops more in Antigone when she is torn between loyalty to family and loyalty to her country.
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Antigone

an-tig-uh-nee

Eldest daughter of Jocasta and Oedipus, her character is more developed in another play of the Oedipus Rex series, title Antigone.
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Jocasta

joh-kas-tuh

Wife and mother of Oedipus, she was the queen of Thebes who committed suicide upon learning Oedipus' true identity.
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Teiresias (also spelled Tiresias)

tahy-ree-see-uh s

Blinded by watching Athena bath, he was consoled by gaining the ability to see the future. He announces that Oedipus killed Laius, the former king, and he will suffer in exile for his crimes.
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Creon

kree-on

Brother of Jocasta and both uncle and brother-in-law to Oedipus, he is given a mission from the Oracle at Delphi to find and banish the unnatural transgression from Thebes.
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Oedipus

ed-uh-puh s

King of Thebes who unknowingly killed his father and married his Mother.
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Flashcard Content Overview

You might think soap operas or telenovelas are relatively modern creations, but as early as the 4th century B.C., Greek authors were writing some of the greatest dramas even known. Borrowed from a combination of mythology and history, the playwright Sophocles tells the story of secret identities, murder, prophecy, betrayal, seduction, incest, and tragedy in Oedipus Rex. These flashcards will introduce you to the main characters and the Greek city-states involved in this complex and exciting plot. The cards also show you how to pronounce the names. After all, plays are meant to be performed aloud!

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Oedipus

ed-uh-puh s

King of Thebes who unknowingly killed his father and married his Mother.

Creon

kree-on

Brother of Jocasta and both uncle and brother-in-law to Oedipus, he is given a mission from the Oracle at Delphi to find and banish the unnatural transgression from Thebes.

Teiresias (also spelled Tiresias)

tahy-ree-see-uh s

Blinded by watching Athena bath, he was consoled by gaining the ability to see the future. He announces that Oedipus killed Laius, the former king, and he will suffer in exile for his crimes.

Jocasta

joh-kas-tuh

Wife and mother of Oedipus, she was the queen of Thebes who committed suicide upon learning Oedipus' true identity.

Antigone

an-tig-uh-nee

Eldest daughter of Jocasta and Oedipus, her character is more developed in another play of the Oedipus Rex series, title Antigone.

Ismene

iz-mey-nee

Youngest daughter of Oedipus and Jocasta, her character develops more in Antigone when she is torn between loyalty to family and loyalty to her country.

Oracle at Delphi

(awr-uh-kuh l) (at) (del-fahy)

Fortune teller of the god Apollo, she was so gifted with prophecy that people throughout the Mediterranean sought her council. She told of Oedipus' fate to kill his father and marry his mother.

Eteocles

ih-tee-uh-kleez

One of Oedipus' two sons by Jocasta, his story is told later. He refused to share the throne with his brother after their father's exile, leading to battle and his death by his brother's hand.

Polynices

pol-uh-nahy-seez

One of Oedipus' sons by Jocasta who aided his uncle, Creon, in exiling Oedipus. However, when he can't claim the throne, he tries to gain support from his father who curses him and his brother.

Polybus

pol-uh-buh s

Not present during the play, the king of Corinth plays a vital role as Oedipus' adopted father. Oedipus flees Corinth for fear of killing Polybus, unaware of his own identity.

Laius

ley-uh s

King of Thebes, killed in a skirmish on the road with Oedipus who did not know Laius was both the king and his biological father.

Merope

mer-uh-pee

Adoptive mother of Oedipus, she is the queen of Corinth.

Corinth

kor-inth

Ancient Greek city with great wealth and power, it served as the adopted home of Oedipus during his youth.

Thebes

theebz

Ancient Greek city and rival of Athens, Oedipus was born there to the King and Queen. He later returned, killed the king, and took his throne.

Delphi

del-fahy

Ancient Greek city best known for housing the oracle of Apollo.

Chorus

kawr-uh s

A group that represented the Theban elders that would have spoken in unison in Oedipus Rex.

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