Organic & Inorganic Chemistry Flashcards

Organic & Inorganic Chemistry Flashcards
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Triglycerides
A kind of lipid that contains a glycerol and three fatty acids. Examples include saturated and unsaturated fats.
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Lipids
These biological molecules are not water soluble and come in two categories, glycerol and steroids. As a steroid, this molecule can carry chemical messages.
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Trisaccharide
This large sugar would contain three smaller monosaccharides.
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Cellulose
This is also known as dietary fiber and it is basically the structural material we find within plants. Humans cannot digest this carbohydrate.
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Enzymes
This important kind of protein is responsible for facilitating chemical reactions in our bodies.
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Protein
A kind of biological molecule formed from amino acids. These molecules use peptide bonds to stay together. Examples can include insulin, transcription factors and hemoglobin.
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Chemical Bond
A type of bond that occurs between at least two atoms that are oppositely charged.
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Hypertonic Solution
A kind of solution that is defined against another solution. This solution will have a higher concentration of a specific solution than another solution.
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Osmosis
A process that involves the movement of solvent molecules. This passage takes place across the semi-permeable membrane of a cell.
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Saturated Solution
This occurs when a solvent can no longer dissolve any more of the solute. If you add sugar to water and mix, you will create this kind of solution once the sugar begins to sit on the bottom.
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Polymers
These long chains of molecules contain smaller units, called monomers. They can be made of monomers of the same type or different types, and occur both artificially and in nature.
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Organic Chemistry
In the past, this branch of chemistry focused on studying molecules that were found in things that were alive or had once been alive. Now it focuses on any molecule containing carbon.
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Heterotroph
This term refers to organisms that must eat other organisms in order to gain sustenance. All living creatures excepting plants and some algae are this type of organism.
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27 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

Get ready to go over the functions of lipids, carbohydrates and proteins. Hypertonic and saturated solutions will also be covered, along with osmosis and chemical bonds. Additionally, you'll be able to review the particles that make up atoms, including electrons.

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Heterotroph
This term refers to organisms that must eat other organisms in order to gain sustenance. All living creatures excepting plants and some algae are this type of organism.
Organic Chemistry
In the past, this branch of chemistry focused on studying molecules that were found in things that were alive or had once been alive. Now it focuses on any molecule containing carbon.
Polymers
These long chains of molecules contain smaller units, called monomers. They can be made of monomers of the same type or different types, and occur both artificially and in nature.
Saturated Solution
This occurs when a solvent can no longer dissolve any more of the solute. If you add sugar to water and mix, you will create this kind of solution once the sugar begins to sit on the bottom.
Osmosis
A process that involves the movement of solvent molecules. This passage takes place across the semi-permeable membrane of a cell.
Hypertonic Solution
A kind of solution that is defined against another solution. This solution will have a higher concentration of a specific solution than another solution.
Chemical Bond
A type of bond that occurs between at least two atoms that are oppositely charged.
Protein
A kind of biological molecule formed from amino acids. These molecules use peptide bonds to stay together. Examples can include insulin, transcription factors and hemoglobin.
Enzymes
This important kind of protein is responsible for facilitating chemical reactions in our bodies.
Cellulose
This is also known as dietary fiber and it is basically the structural material we find within plants. Humans cannot digest this carbohydrate.
Trisaccharide
This large sugar would contain three smaller monosaccharides.
Lipids
These biological molecules are not water soluble and come in two categories, glycerol and steroids. As a steroid, this molecule can carry chemical messages.
Triglycerides
A kind of lipid that contains a glycerol and three fatty acids. Examples include saturated and unsaturated fats.
Atoms
The basic unit of matter that makes up everything around us. This unit contains three smaller particles that it can be divided into: protons, electrons and neutrons.
Atomic Number
A number determined by the amount of protons contained within the nucleus of an atom.
Electron Cloud
Electrons exist in this area inside of an atom.
Innermost Electron Shell of an Atom
This level of the electron shell contains the electrons closest to the nucleus.
Valence Electrons
These electrons stay in the outermost shell of their atom. They differ from other electrons in that they directly interact with different atoms.
Unsatured Solution
This term refers to any solution that can hold more of a particular solute.
Supersaturated Solution
A solution that holds more solute than should be held by a saturated solution.
Hypotonic Solution
Solutions of this sort contain concentrations of a solute that are lower than the concentrations found in other solutions.
Starch
A carbohydrate in the form of complex sugars that humans can digest, though it may take a while. It provides a significant amount of energy for humans.
Monosaccharide
This term refers to sugars that exist as single units.
Proton
A positively charged subatomic particle.
Electron
This subatomic particle has a negative charge and very little mass.
Neutron
These subatomic particles have a neutral charge and are generally found in an atom's atomic nucleus.
Electron Shell
A scientific term that refers to the area that surrounds the nucleus of an atom. This is where electrons are generally located.

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