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Overview of World War II Flashcards

Overview of World War II Flashcards
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Benito Mussolini
The Italian dictator who formed the Fascist Party in 1919 and controlled Italy by 1926. He sought to rebuild the Roman Empire by invading Ethiopia in 1935, and led his nation into World War II.
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Japanese Invasion of Manchuria
In 1931, Japan took advantage of a China embroiled in civil war, and fabricated an excuse to invade the eastern territory of Manchuria. This marked the beginnings of World War II in Asia.
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The League of Nations
Following World War I, the League of Nations was formed to prevent future war. It consisted of many treaties and agreements between different nations. The League failed to prevent World War II.
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Causes of World War II
The causes of World War II, broadly, included German fascist leadership under Hitler, provocations and alliances with foreign powers, and territorial expansion into neighboring Austria in 1938.
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The D-Day Invasion
The Allied invasion of Normandy, France, which forced the German military to fight on a new front. The Allies gained control of the coast of France as a result of the invasion.
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11 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

This set of flashcards discusses the period leading up to, and immediately following, World War II. It covers not only the battles and events of the War itself, but also several political, cultural, and economic effects of the War as it unfolded across both Europe and Asia. You will learn about the key causes and figures of World War II, including those in Japan, Italy, and Germany. Focusing on the events of the War in Europe, you will learn about the Munich Agreement of 1938, the rises of fascist leaders Benito Mussolini and Adolph Hitler, and the 'D-Day' Invasion of 1944. Shifting focus to Asia, you will learn about the rise of an expansionist Japan, the Japanese Invasion of Manchuria in 1931, and the Rape of Nanking of 1937.

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The D-Day Invasion
The Allied invasion of Normandy, France, which forced the German military to fight on a new front. The Allies gained control of the coast of France as a result of the invasion.
Causes of World War II
The causes of World War II, broadly, included German fascist leadership under Hitler, provocations and alliances with foreign powers, and territorial expansion into neighboring Austria in 1938.
The League of Nations
Following World War I, the League of Nations was formed to prevent future war. It consisted of many treaties and agreements between different nations. The League failed to prevent World War II.
Japanese Invasion of Manchuria
In 1931, Japan took advantage of a China embroiled in civil war, and fabricated an excuse to invade the eastern territory of Manchuria. This marked the beginnings of World War II in Asia.
Benito Mussolini
The Italian dictator who formed the Fascist Party in 1919 and controlled Italy by 1926. He sought to rebuild the Roman Empire by invading Ethiopia in 1935, and led his nation into World War II.
Adolph Hitler
A fascist German dictator who came to power during the 1930s. He led Nazi Germany into World War II, with his invasion of Poland in 1939.
The Munich Agreement
In September 1938, Great Britain and France signed the Munich Agreement, which approved of Germany's occupation of Sudetenland, in an attempt to prevent another large-scale war.
The Rape of Nanking
In 1937, the Japanese invaded the capital city of Nanking, China, committing atrocities against the Chinese, and American forces. The U.S. responded passing economic sanctions against Japan.
The Invasion of Poland
Hitler sent troops to invade Poland in September 1939. It was considered the outbreak of WWII in Europe and caused France and Great Britain to follow through on a public pledge to support Poland.
The Battle of Stalingrad
This battle, in 1942, marks the beginnings of Nazi retreat from Soviet territory. Hitler's failed invasion can be attributed to harsh winters, distance, and increasingly crumbling forces.
Blitzkrieg
The combat strategy, meaning 'lightning war,' that involves heavily armored ground and air attacks. It was employed in 1939, when German troops stormed across the Polish border, kicking off World War II.

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