Political Developments from 1760-1848 Flashcards

Political Developments from 1760-1848 Flashcards
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A lack of adequate food, a rough economy, and a general feeling of rebellion against those in charge.
What led to massive revolutions in Europe during 1848?
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Also known as self-sustaining, this approach to cooperative living was championed by economist Charles Fourier.
Phalansteries
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In addition to the government keeping out of the economy, this economic belief was grounded in the liberties and rights of the individual.
Laissez-faire
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Major era in European history which pushed the rise of socialism in Europe.
Industrial Revolution
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A type of socialism which sought for people to live together in harmony which would thereby improve their situation and atmosphere.
Utopian
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Socialism is a political belief system which primarily concerns what social class?
Lower class/working class
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'Laissez-faire' economist who believed in liberalism, and was supported by the ideology's followers.
Adam Smith
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During the 19th century, the Catholic Church opposed this particular political ideology because it all came down to a negative effect of their power.
Radicalism
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Somewhat like radicalism, this political belief was rooted in individual rights and gains.
Liberalism
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18 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

For almost one hundred years, Europe (among other places) saw a breadth and array of revolutions. They were caused by people who demanded change and accountability from their leaders and reforms in newly booming industrial sectors. Class conflicts led to the emergence of new political ideologies that are still relevant today.

The United States has always perceived socialism as a conflicting view. Along with liberalism, radicalism, and republicanism, it dominated political and social through from the mid-18th century to the mid-19th. These ideologies resulted from reform movements which accompanied the Industrial era. People wanted better working conditions, wages, and for their standing in society to improve. Combined with a distaste for the status quo, it's no wonder these new ideologies emerged.

Europe wasn't the only place that saw change; Latin America wanted an invitation to the party as well and was a full participant in reform and revolution. This flashcard set will review the key people, places, ideas, and events of this important time in world history.

Front
Back
Somewhat like radicalism, this political belief was rooted in individual rights and gains.
Liberalism
During the 19th century, the Catholic Church opposed this particular political ideology because it all came down to a negative effect of their power.
Radicalism
'Laissez-faire' economist who believed in liberalism, and was supported by the ideology's followers.
Adam Smith
Socialism is a political belief system which primarily concerns what social class?
Lower class/working class
A type of socialism which sought for people to live together in harmony which would thereby improve their situation and atmosphere.
Utopian
Major era in European history which pushed the rise of socialism in Europe.
Industrial Revolution
In addition to the government keeping out of the economy, this economic belief was grounded in the liberties and rights of the individual.
Laissez-faire
Also known as self-sustaining, this approach to cooperative living was championed by economist Charles Fourier.
Phalansteries
A lack of adequate food, a rough economy, and a general feeling of rebellion against those in charge.
What led to massive revolutions in Europe during 1848?
Two new economic/social classes created as a result of Industrial Revolution.
The capitalist and the proletariat classes.
Famous work sponsored by the Communist League, penned by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, which called for revolts.
The Communist Manifesto
In addition to Engels and Marx, the writings of these famous authors brought attention to the lives and issues dealt with by industrial workers.
Charles Dickens & Upton Sinclair
The Communist Manifesto calls for the overthrow of the bourgeoisie by this group.
Proletariat.
Marx and his belief system of Marxism called for this.
Social class revolution and the abolishment of private property.
After the revolts and revolutions in France in 1848, this authoritarian leader took over.
Napoleon Bonaparte
An attempt and push to join together all of the varying German provinces was the goal of this meeting.
Frankfurt Assembly
Nations who saw revolutions in 1848.
France, Austria, Germany, Prussia, Italy.
Region outside of Europe that saw substantial revolutions during the 1800s.
Latin America

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