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Politics in Civil War America Flashcards

Politics in Civil War America Flashcards
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Lincoln's Cabinet
This president's cabinet was made up of a variety of individuals who all had strong beliefs. They agreed with him sometimes and disagreed strongly on other occasions.
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Jefferson Davis
This man served as the Confederacy's only president. He faced many challenges, which were worsened by his inflexible and rigid attitudes.
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Confederacy: State Power
This government opposed central government, giving states power, instead. This negatively affected how much power Davis had to govern and win the Civil War.
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Drafts
Both sides of the Civil War used these to try to gain more soldiers. Citizens on both sides then protested because the upper classes were capable of buying their way out.
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Northern Advantages: Economy
Because this was stronger in the North, the Union was able to manufacture lots of goods, including weapons, giving them an advantage in the Civil War.
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Southern Advantages: Cavalry
Due to the fact that many people in the South had experience hunting and riding a horse, they were able to transition their skills and develop a strong one of these during the Civil War.
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Trent Affair
This occurred when a Union ship captured a British steamship in order to remove two Confederate diplomats. It upset Britain.
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Emancipation Proclamation
This proclamation said that the Union's aim in the Civil War was to abolish slavery. This largely did away with European support for the Confederacy, as France and England saw slavery as illegal.
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Second Confiscation Act
This act was passed about a year after the First Confiscation Act. It declared that any slaves who were removed from the Confederacy were 'forever free.'
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First Confiscation Act
An act created by the Union early in the Civil War that declared slaves to be 'contraband' and gave the Union the right to seize slaves in the Confederacy as spoils of war.
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21 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

Working on this set of flashcards can help you review the Emancipation Proclamation, the Homestead Act, the Legal Tender Act, the Morrill Land Grant Act and the Confiscation Acts. You'll also be able to focus on the cabinets selected by Lincoln and Davis. Advantages used by the Union and Confederacy during the Civil War will be discussed, along with the draft. Finally, the roles of spies and the U.S. Sanitary Commission will be explored by this set.

Front
Back
First Confiscation Act
An act created by the Union early in the Civil War that declared slaves to be 'contraband' and gave the Union the right to seize slaves in the Confederacy as spoils of war.
Second Confiscation Act
This act was passed about a year after the First Confiscation Act. It declared that any slaves who were removed from the Confederacy were 'forever free.'
Emancipation Proclamation
This proclamation said that the Union's aim in the Civil War was to abolish slavery. This largely did away with European support for the Confederacy, as France and England saw slavery as illegal.
Trent Affair
This occurred when a Union ship captured a British steamship in order to remove two Confederate diplomats. It upset Britain.
Southern Advantages: Cavalry
Due to the fact that many people in the South had experience hunting and riding a horse, they were able to transition their skills and develop a strong one of these during the Civil War.
Northern Advantages: Economy
Because this was stronger in the North, the Union was able to manufacture lots of goods, including weapons, giving them an advantage in the Civil War.
Drafts
Both sides of the Civil War used these to try to gain more soldiers. Citizens on both sides then protested because the upper classes were capable of buying their way out.
Confederacy: State Power
This government opposed central government, giving states power, instead. This negatively affected how much power Davis had to govern and win the Civil War.
Jefferson Davis
This man served as the Confederacy's only president. He faced many challenges, which were worsened by his inflexible and rigid attitudes.
Lincoln's Cabinet
This president's cabinet was made up of a variety of individuals who all had strong beliefs. They agreed with him sometimes and disagreed strongly on other occasions.
Edwin Stanton
A Democrat who served as Secretary of War for Lincoln, who was a Republican, after the first Secretary of War, Simon Cameron, was removed.
Salmon Chase
This Republican worked as the Secretary of the Treasury for President Lincoln.
Edward Bates
Lincoln's Attorney General. This Republican had also been a contender for the presidency.
William Seward
This Republican was at one time a political rival to Lincoln, but he ended up becoming Lincoln's Secretary of State.
Legal Tender Act
An act passed by the Union in 1862 to form a national currency that was stable. This currency was called the 'greenback' and is the reason our money is green today.
Morrill Land Grant Act
This act helped support higher education. It formed land-grant colleges that provided education about agriculture and more.
Homestead Act
Congress set up this act in 1862 in an attempt to get people to settle the Great Plains. It gave people 160 acres of land if they promised to live there and improve their land for five years.
U.S. Sanitary Commission
A commission set up to provide soldiers with supplies. Women volunteered to raise money, serve as nurses and to better hospital conditions in this commission.
Women Spies
These individuals worked behind enemy lines to gather information and send it back to their side. Many gathered information by acting as hostesses to enemy personnel.
Army of the Potomac
This represented the main force of the Union in the East during the Civil War. This army fought at Gettysburg and Antietam. It also took part in the Overland Campaign.
Army of Tennessee
A Union army named for a river. Grant and Tecumseh led this army, which did a lot of fighting in Georgia.

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