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Pre-Civil War Tensions in America Flashcards

Pre-Civil War Tensions in America Flashcards
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The Liberator
This newspaper was founded by William Lloyd Garrison in 1831. It focused on abolishing slavery in the U.S.
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American Colonization Society
This society largely didn't believe in giving slaves freedom. Instead, members of this organization wanted to keep slavery but ship free African Americans back to Africa.
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American Anti-Slavery Society (AASS)
A movement to end slavery created by William Lloyd Garrison and Arthur Tappan in 1833. It continued to operate up to 1870.
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American Anti-Slavery Society: Reasons to End Slavery
The AASS believed the practice of slavery violated human rights, and so should be ended for this 'natural' reason. They also thought that it was religiously wrong.
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Women's Suffragists
These groups were dedicated to securing the right to vote for women. They frequently interacted closely with abolitionists.
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William Lloyd Garrison
The publisher of a newspaper titled The Liberator that condemned slavery. He didn't support the use of violence to end slavery.
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Harriet Beecher Stowe
She wrote the novel Uncle Tom's Cabin, a condemnation of slavery that helped build up pressure to end the practice.
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Harriet Tubman
She helped many slaves escape to freedom as a conductor on the Underground Railroad.
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Frederick Douglass
An escaped slave who spoke against the evil of slavery, often through his writing in a publication titled the North Star. He held that violence wasn't the answer, but recruited for the Army.
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David Walker
This man wrote An Appeal in Four Articles, which asserted that slavery was evil. He called on violence to stop slavery and was later found dead, probably as a result of murder.
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21 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

You'll be able to use these flashcards as study tools to review the candidates who ran in the election of 1860, including Abraham Lincoln, John C. Breckenridge, Stephen Douglas and John Bell. The Underground Railroad and Harriet Tubman will also be covered by these cards, along with the Fugitive Slave Acts. These cards also discuss important abolitionists, such as Frederick Douglass, William Lloyd Garrison, Harriet Beecher Stowe and David Walker. Additionally, you can focus on organizations like the American Anti-Slavery Society and the American Colonization Society.

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David Walker
This man wrote An Appeal in Four Articles, which asserted that slavery was evil. He called on violence to stop slavery and was later found dead, probably as a result of murder.
Frederick Douglass
An escaped slave who spoke against the evil of slavery, often through his writing in a publication titled the North Star. He held that violence wasn't the answer, but recruited for the Army.
Harriet Tubman
She helped many slaves escape to freedom as a conductor on the Underground Railroad.
Harriet Beecher Stowe
She wrote the novel Uncle Tom's Cabin, a condemnation of slavery that helped build up pressure to end the practice.
William Lloyd Garrison
The publisher of a newspaper titled The Liberator that condemned slavery. He didn't support the use of violence to end slavery.
Women's Suffragists
These groups were dedicated to securing the right to vote for women. They frequently interacted closely with abolitionists.
American Anti-Slavery Society: Reasons to End Slavery
The AASS believed the practice of slavery violated human rights, and so should be ended for this 'natural' reason. They also thought that it was religiously wrong.
American Anti-Slavery Society (AASS)
A movement to end slavery created by William Lloyd Garrison and Arthur Tappan in 1833. It continued to operate up to 1870.
American Colonization Society
This society largely didn't believe in giving slaves freedom. Instead, members of this organization wanted to keep slavery but ship free African Americans back to Africa.
The Liberator
This newspaper was founded by William Lloyd Garrison in 1831. It focused on abolishing slavery in the U.S.
Fugitive Slave Act of 1793
This act gave slave owners the right to take back slaves who had managed to escape.
Fugitive Slave Act of 1850
A stricter version of the first fugitive slave act that included four parts and that was very harsh.
Underground Railroad
A system of secret paths that could be used by slaves escaping from the South. This was kept very quiet, because you could be sent to jail for assisting slaves in their escape.
Underground Railroad: Secret Codes
Because many slaves were illiterate, this organization came up with special codes to help guide the slaves to freedom. Sometimes they hid these codes in the patterns of quilts.
1860 Democratic Convention
A Democratic Convention that is remembered because differing views about the expansion of slavery caused the party to split.
Election of 1860: Republic Party
This party built its platform for the 1860 election on stopping the further spread of slavery. It also focusing on ensuring the Union was preserved.
Election of 1860: Abraham Lincoln
This presidential candidate stayed at his home during his campaign, as was usual at the time. Hundreds of thousands of his supporters campaigned for him. He won over many, but not Southerners.
Election of 1860: John Bell
This presidential candidate gave no speeches, though rallies were held for him by supporters. He earned the smallest amount of votes.
Election of 1860: Stephen Douglas
He ran for president for the Northern Democrats and tried to appeal to Southern voters. He got the second highest amount of votes in the election.
Election of 1860: John C. Breckenridge
The candidate for president who was supported by Southern Democrats. He did well in the South but poorly everywhere else.
South Carolina
This state became the first to leave the Union after the election of 1860. Other states quickly followed it.

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