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Psychological Treatments Flashcards

Psychological Treatments Flashcards
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Psychodynamic Approach to Therapy
This approach to therapy was developed by Sigmund Freud. It focuses on the interactions between the id, ego and superego.
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Family Therapy
A specific type of group therapy that focuses on families and family relationships. Not everyone in the family is seen all the time.
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Types of Therapy
Individual
Family
Couples
Marriage
Group
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Group Therapy
A type of therapy where people work together, sharing experiences with one another. Typically the therapist facilitates their discussions.
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Biological Therapy
An approach to psychological treatment that involves using biological methods in an attempt to fix mental ailments. These therapies are not commonly used today.
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Psychosurgery
Doctors alter a patient's brain surgically in this type of treatment. Some forms of this surgery are still performed.
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Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)
A form of therapy used in the 1940s that involved administering electric shocks to patients. Used in an attempt to treat schizophrenia and depression. Occasionally still used.
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Lobotomies
A form of psychosurgery. In this procedure, doctors remove the brain's frontal lobes, often resulting in loss of functioning and personality. No longer used.
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Insulin Shock Therapy
Patients suffering from schizophrenia could have received this treatment back in the 1930s - 50s. It involved placing patients in a coma with insulin, and is no longer used.
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19 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

The flashcards in this set cover types of group and individual therapies. You can go over the characteristics of humanistic, cognitive and behavioral therapies. Biological therapies such as psychosurgery, electroconvulsive therapy and insulin shock therapy will also be covered. Finally, you'll be able to review the uses of antidepressants, antipsychotics and other psychiatric drugs.

Front
Back
Insulin Shock Therapy
Patients suffering from schizophrenia could have received this treatment back in the 1930s - 50s. It involved placing patients in a coma with insulin, and is no longer used.
Lobotomies
A form of psychosurgery. In this procedure, doctors remove the brain's frontal lobes, often resulting in loss of functioning and personality. No longer used.
Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)
A form of therapy used in the 1940s that involved administering electric shocks to patients. Used in an attempt to treat schizophrenia and depression. Occasionally still used.
Psychosurgery
Doctors alter a patient's brain surgically in this type of treatment. Some forms of this surgery are still performed.
Biological Therapy
An approach to psychological treatment that involves using biological methods in an attempt to fix mental ailments. These therapies are not commonly used today.
Group Therapy
A type of therapy where people work together, sharing experiences with one another. Typically the therapist facilitates their discussions.
Types of Therapy
Individual
Family
Couples
Marriage
Group
Family Therapy
A specific type of group therapy that focuses on families and family relationships. Not everyone in the family is seen all the time.
Psychodynamic Approach to Therapy
This approach to therapy was developed by Sigmund Freud. It focuses on the interactions between the id, ego and superego.
Behavior Therapy
Pioneered by Joseph Wolpe, this is a type of therapy that can be used to treat phobias. Treatments can include exposure therapy and aversion therapy.
Cognitive Therapy
Developed by Aaron Beck, this type of therapy was initially created to help with depression.
Humanistic Approach
Carl Rogers created this type of therapy. Humanistic therapists use active listening and positive regard. They attempt to help people increase self-awareness.
Antipsychotics
A type of psychiatric drug that reduces 'positive' symptoms, or symptoms that represent emotions more powerful than those people normally experience. Often used for schizophrenia.
Lithium
A specific psychiatric drug often used to treat bipolar disorder.
Antidepressants
Psychiatric drugs that can be used to treat depression by affecting neurotransmitter levels in the brain.
Placebo Effect
This effect involves people feeling better when they believe they should feel better, such as when they've been given something they were told was medication.
Measurements of Treatment Effectiveness
The patient's opinion of their own wellness
The therapist's opinion of a patient's wellness
Controlled research studies
Patient Behaviors Related to Improvement
Patients who want to succeed, have good support and are prone to attacking problems are more likely to benefit from their treatment.
Therapist Behaviors that Lead to Success
Empathetic therapists are more likely to provide successful therapy. Those who are offensive and thoughtless have lower chances of success.

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