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Psychology of Personality Flashcards

Psychology of Personality Flashcards
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Basis for Freud's Theory of Development
Freud based his theory of development on the idea that human personality developed in stages tied to sexuality.
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Basis for Piaget's Theory of Development
Piaget's theories about development were concerned with how humans grew cognitively.
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George Vaillant
A psychologist known for classifying Freud's psychological defense mechanisms and for adding new ones.
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Superego
Freud proposed that the superego served as the aspect of your personality that provided self-control.
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Ego
Ego is the section of your personality that mediates between the id and the superego.
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Id
The portion of your personality that lacks self-control and wants to behave impulsively.
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Passive-Aggression
An immature defense mechanism. Passive-aggression leads individuals to take their anger out in unproductive ways.
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Sublimation
A mature defense mechanism that involves taking negative feelings and using them to fuel positive activities.
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Displacement
This neurotic defense mechanism occurs when individuals take out their anger at one person on another person.
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Humor
Humor is a mature defense mechanism. Humor allows individuals to deal with difficult situations in a healthy manner.
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Denial
A pathological defense mechanism that leads to you denying an event ever occurred.
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Freudian Defense Mechanisms
These were the mechanisms, or actions, that Sigmund Freud thought people would take when they were stressed.
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Flashcard Content Overview

Make sure you're familiar with defense mechanisms such as passive-aggression, denial, humor and displacement by checking out this set of flashcards. You'll review the psychological work of Freud, including his psychosexual stages of development. Furthermore, you'll be able to go over humanistic psychology and older types of personality assessment.

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Back
Freudian Defense Mechanisms
These were the mechanisms, or actions, that Sigmund Freud thought people would take when they were stressed.
Denial
A pathological defense mechanism that leads to you denying an event ever occurred.
Humor
Humor is a mature defense mechanism. Humor allows individuals to deal with difficult situations in a healthy manner.
Displacement
This neurotic defense mechanism occurs when individuals take out their anger at one person on another person.
Sublimation
A mature defense mechanism that involves taking negative feelings and using them to fuel positive activities.
Passive-Aggression
An immature defense mechanism. Passive-aggression leads individuals to take their anger out in unproductive ways.
Id
The portion of your personality that lacks self-control and wants to behave impulsively.
Ego
Ego is the section of your personality that mediates between the id and the superego.
Superego
Freud proposed that the superego served as the aspect of your personality that provided self-control.
George Vaillant
A psychologist known for classifying Freud's psychological defense mechanisms and for adding new ones.
Basis for Piaget's Theory of Development
Piaget's theories about development were concerned with how humans grew cognitively.
Basis for Freud's Theory of Development
Freud based his theory of development on the idea that human personality developed in stages tied to sexuality.
Oral Stage
Freud viewed this as the 1st stage of development. It covers the time from birth to age 2. It involves learning about delayed gratification and can lead to an oral fixation if disrupted.
Anal Stage
Freud's 2nd stage of development. Children in this stage begin developing their ego.
Anal Compulsive
Freud thought that if parents were too demanding during the anal stage that children could become anal compulsive and fixate on being extremely orderly.
Anal Expulsive
This personality trait involves people being very messy. Freud tied it to parents not being demanded enough during the anal stage.
Genital Stage
The final stage in Freud's developmental theory. This stage is driven by libido and involves children separating from their parents.
Phallic Stage
Children from 3-6 are in this developmental stage, according to Freud. It involves recognizing differences between boys and girls. The Oedipus and Electra complexes can develop at this stage.
Latency Stage
The developmental stage from 6 until puberty. Freud thought there was no focus on sexuality in this stage, with personality development occurring instead.
Humanistic Psychology
A type of psychology that holds that individuals are good and guided by their feelings. This branch of psychology focuses on helping people grow and improve themselves.
Carl Rogers
A humanistic psychologist who focused on using client-centered therapy.
Self-Concept
The term used to describe the way an individual perceives of thinks about him or herself. Includes 3 components.
Self-Worth / Self-Esteem
A component of self-concept that refers to what we believe about ourselves.
Humorism
A practice that started in ancient Greece. The theory stated that four humors, or substances found in the body, were responsible for determining a person's personality.

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